Ethiopia Plans Export Hubs With $10 Billion Factory Parks

Special Adviser Arkebe Oqubay

“According to the vision, Ethiopia would be a leading manufacturing powerhouse in Africa,” Arkebe said. Photographer: William Davison/Bloomberg

Ethiopia is targeting $1 billion of annual investment in industrial parks over the next decade to boost exports and make it Africa’s top manufacturer, a special adviser to Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn said.

The government may invest half of the $10 billion needed for zones across the country that will house textile, leather, agro-processing and other labor-intensive factories, Arkebe Oqubay said in an interview in the capital, Addis Ababa. The International Finance Corp., the World Bank’s private lending arm, along with Chinese and European lenders and private-equity funds are interested in projects, he said.

“In terms of industrial development and manufacturing development, we want to put Ethiopia number one in Africa,” Arkebe said.

Growth in Ethiopia has surpassed every other sub-Saharan country over the past decade and is forecast by the International Monetary Fund to exceed 8 percent over the next two years. The state-planned economy is opening up to foreign investors following its sale of $1 billion of Eurobonds last year and plans to start an equities and secondary debt market, London-based Exotix, which has a buy rating on the Eurobonds, said May 7.

Ethiopia’s manufacturing industry is valued at about $1.35 billion, compared with $48.1 billion in South Africa, according to World Bank data.

Calvin Klein

American clothing company Phillips-Van Heusen Corp., which owns the Tommy Hilfiger and Calvin Klein brands, is considering using suppliers at an industrial park in Hawassa, south of Addis Ababa, the government said last month. Hennes & Mauritz AB, Europe’s second-largest clothing retailer, already sources from three factories in Ethiopia, where wages can be as little as a tenth of China’s and access to the U.S. market is duty free under the African Growth and Opportunity Act.

Ethiopia had targeted a 15-fold increase in textile and leather exports to $1.5 billion in a five-year plan that finishes in July, the end of the country’s fiscal year. That surge failed to take place because of a lack of specialized parks with services including utilities, banks, customs and transport links, said Arkebe, who is chairman of the state-run Industrial Parks Development Corp.

Total manufacturing shipments earned $262 million in the first eight months of this fiscal year, up 10 percent from the previous year. Investing in industrial parks will be “a major solution to the problems,” Arkebe said.

200,000 Jobs

The government will use about half of the funds from the Eurobond to develop parks in the financial year that begins July 8, he said. The government’s so-called Vision 2025 sees manufacturing expanding 25 percent a year and creating employment for 200,000 Ethiopians annually, Arkebe said.

The World Bank is spending $250 million on a second industrial zone at Bole Lemi, on the edge of Addis Ababa. In October, Shin Textile Solutions Co. of South Korea moved into the existing factory park at Bole Lemi, employing 3,000 people, Arkebe said.

A textile park opened in Hawassa in April and construction begins this month on zones in Dire Dawa and Adama, which are both on Ethiopia’s main trade route to a port in neighboring Djibouti, according to Arkebe. Kombolcha and Mekele will also be manufacturing centers. The industrial park plans need to be endorsed by federal lawmakers who will be voted for in May 24 elections, he said.

Chinese Funding

Electric railways costing $4 million per kilometer will serve the environmentally friendly hubs that private companies can develop “almost” rent free from the parks company, which will have as much as 100,000 hectares of land, Arkebe said.

Developers will get a tax holiday of as long as 15 years and duty-free privileges, with incentives increasing for building done outside the capital, he said. Manufacturers can get tax exemptions of 10 years if they export all their products from a site not in Addis Ababa.

One rail project connecting Addis Ababa with the cities of Jimma, Bedele and Ambo began last week. Chinese banks will “mainly” finance the 491-kilometer (305-mile) rail link, he said. Another railway from a port in the Djiboutian town of Tadjourah port to Bahir Dar city and from the capital south to the cities of Hawassa and Arba Minch will be completed by July 2020, Arkebe said.

Separately, the government says a Chinese-funded track from Addis Ababa to Djibouti will be completed this year. Work is also continuing on a $1.7 billion line that goes through Kombolcha, funded by the Export Credit Bank of Turkey and Credit Suisse Group AG.

Rwanda to House Africa’s Newest Smart City

smart cities

Rwanda, Ericsson to Float New Smart City Initiative

VENTURES AFRICA – Nairobi recently emerged the smartest city in Africa, creating in the process an incentive for other continental cities to join the bandwagon. In a very recent development, the Government of the Republic of Rwanda has entered into an official agreement with Ericsson, a key Communications and Technology Services provider, to kick-start the smart Rwanda project.

The project will be a critical enabler of the Rwandan vision 2020 and its attendant mid-term economic development and poverty reduction (the EDPRS II) and the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) sector strategic plan for 2013 to 2018. The initiative is a government effort aimed at applying the power of ICT in the development agenda to transform the social and economic development of the country.

The deal is structured such that Ericsson will provide ICT infrastructure to help Rwanda achieve its ICT development vision, one village at a time.

“Ericsson will invest in ICT infrastructure and also implement the project. We are committed to helping other countries to build smart cities. We are happy to drive the African mission to Rwanda. We will deploy smart solutions for Rwanda smart city initiative. We are pushing to expand smart Rwanda to other countries. The focus is on education, health, agriculture, service sector, among others. We are also discussing with other African countries in the same project,” revealed Fredrik Ledling, President of Ericsson Sub-Saharan Africa during the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona.

Jean Nsengimana, the Rwandan Minister for Youth and ICT expressed his optimism at the prospects of such a behemoth project especially with respect to the Vision 2020 agenda. According to him, the core areas to be covered in the project include smart education, smart healthcare, smart governance, smart business, smart agriculture and infrastructure, among others.

“Ericsson has been our partner in the roll out plan. Rwanda is steadily moving towards its vision of becoming an information-rich and knowledge-based economy and society and an ICT hub in the region. The key to the success of smart Rwanda is sustainability of all the country´s interventions. Our strategy will be to rely on the much needed private sector resources and capabilities,” he said.

Smart cities are fast becoming the present-day ICT fad for metropolises around the globe. These cities leverage digital technologies to enhance performance and overall quality of life while reducing city-wide costs and resource consumption. The usual end result is a positive impact on sustainable economic growth, competitiveness, and shared prosperity.

By Emmanuel Iruobe

African Countries that actually fought for their independence


The Algerian War, also known as the Algerian War of Independence or the Algerian Revolution (Berber: Tagrawla Tadzayrit; Arabic: الثورة الجزائريةAl-thawra Al-Jazaa’iriyya; French: Guerre d’Algérie or Révolution algérienne) was a war between France and the Algerian independence movements from 1954 to 1962, which led to Algeria gaining its independence from France. An important decolonization war, it was a complex conflict characterized by guerrilla warfare, maquis fighting, terrorism, the use of torture by both sides, and counter-terrorism operations. The conflict was also a civil war between loyalist Algerians supporting a French Algeria and their insurrectionist Algerian nationalist counterparts.[6]

In 1961, President Charles de Gaulle decided to give up Algeria, although it was regarded as an integral part of France, after conducting a referendum showing huge support for Algerian independence. The planned withdrawal led to a state crisis, to various assassination attempts on de Gaulle, and some attempts of military coups. Most of the former were carried out by the Organisation de l’armée secrète (OAS), an underground organization formed mainly from French military personnel supporting a French Algeria, which committed a large number of bombings and murders in both Algeria and the homeland to stop the planned independence.

Upon independence, in 1962, 900,000 European-Algerians (Pieds-noirs) fled to France, in fear of the FLN’s revenge, within a few months. The government was totally unprepared for the vast number of refugees, causing turmoil in France. The majority of Algerian Muslims who had worked for the French, were disarmed and left behind as the treaty between French and Algerian authorities declared that no actions could be taken against them.[7] However, the Harkis in particular, having served as auxiliaries with the French army, were regarded as traitors by the FLN and between 50,000 and 150,000 Harkis and family members were murdered by the FLN or lynch-mobs, often after being abducted and tortured. About 91,000 managed to flee to France, some with help from their French officers acting against orders, and today they and their descendants form a significant part of the Algerian-French population.



The Angolan War of Independence (1961–1974) began as an uprising against forced cotton cultivation, and became a multi-faction struggle for the control of Portugal’s Overseas Province of Angola among three nationalist movements and a separatist movement.[23] The war ended when a leftist military coup in Lisbon in April 1974 overthrew Portugal’s Estado Novo regime, and the new regime immediately stopped all military action in the African colonies, declaring its intention to grant them independence without delay.

It was a guerrilla war in which the Portuguese Armed Forces waged a counter-insurgency campaign against armed groups mostly dispersed across sparsely populated areas of the vast Angolan countryside.[24] Many atrocities were committed by all forces involved in the conflict.

In Angola, after the Portuguese had stopped the war, an armed conflict broke out among the nationalist movements. This war formally came to an end in January 1975 when the Portuguese government, the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), and the National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA) signed the Alvor Agreement.


The Mozambican War of Independence was an armed conflict between the guerrilla forces of the Mozambique Liberation Front or FRELIMO (Frente de Libertação de Moçambique), and Portugal. The war officially started on September 25, 1964, and ended with a ceasefire on September 8, 1974, resulting in a negotiated independence in 1975.

Portugal’s wars against independence guerrilla fighters in its 400-year-old African territories began in 1961 with Angola. In Mozambique, the conflict erupted in 1964 as a result of unrest and frustration amongst many indigenous Mozambican populations, who perceived foreign rule to be a form of exploitation and mistreatment, which served only to further Portuguese economic interests in the region. Many Mozambicans also resented Portugal’s policies towards indigenous people, which resulted in discrimination, traditional lifestyle turning difficult for many Africans, and limited access to Portuguese-style education and skilled employment.

As successful self-determination movements spread throughout Africa after World War II, many Mozambicans became progressively nationalistic in outlook, and increasingly frustrated by the nation’s continued subservience to foreign rule. For the other side, many enculturated indigenous Africans who were fully integrated into the Portugal-ruled social organization of Portuguese Mozambique, in particular those from the urban centres, reacted to the independentist claims with a mixture of discomfort and suspicion. The ethnic Portuguese of the territory, which included most of the ruling authorities, responded with increased military presence and fast-paced development projects.

A mass exile of Mozambique’s political intelligentsia to neighbouring countries provided havens from which radical Mozambicans could plan actions and foment political unrest in their homeland. The formation of the Mozambican guerrilla organisation FRELIMO and the support of the Soviet Union, China, Cuba, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Tanzania, and Zambia through arms and advisers, led to the outbreak of violence that was to last over a decade.

From a military standpoint, the Portuguese regular army held the upper hand during the conflict against the independentist guerrilla forces. Nonetheless, Mozambique succeeded in achieving independence on June 25, 1975, after the coup d’état in Portugal known as the Carnation Revolution, thus ending 470 years of Portuguese colonial rule in the East African region. According to historians of the Revolution, the military coup in Portugal was in part fuelled by protests concerning the conduct of Portuguese troops in their treatment of some local Mozambican populace.[26][27] The role of the growing communist influence over the group of Portuguese military insurgents who led the Lisbon’s military coup, and, on the other hand, the pressure of the international community over the direction of the Portuguese Colonial War in general, were main causes for the final outcome.[28]

Countries with the nicest beaches in Africa

1. Seychelles beaches

Seychelles Beautiful Beach HD Wallpaper for iPad

Africa Crystal Clear Water photos Overview About Seychelles Tourism Travel Places

Africa Poivre Island Aerial View photos Overview About Seychelles Tourism Travel Places


2. Mauritius’s beaches


3. Zanzibar, Tanzania

Mnemba Island

4. Nosy Be, Madagascar


Nosy Be Resort

Nosy Be 0014224750fe1180709214

and Ile Saint Marie

ile-ste-marie-MadagascarIll Saint Marie 15-001Ille Saint Marie 4432287_35_zIlle Saint Marie d4d4d69137edf1cdbda5b01884b5faf0 (1)Ille Saint Marie d4d4d69137edf1cdbda5b01884b5faf0 (2)Ille Saint Marie sejour_balneaire_madagascar

5. Bazaruto, Mozambique


6. Cape Town beaches

Clear water ripples on Noordhoek beach

7. Malindi, Kenya

8. Cape Verde’s beaches

9. Angola – Benguela

10. Equatorial Guinea – Corisco Island beach

Honorable Mention Sao Tome

12. Comoros



13. Moucha Island Djibouti

Lesles17 Djibouti-boat-web


14. Mayotte

Mayotte_island_1_640_header_image mayotte Can-you-place-the-Comoros-Islands-on-a-map-2

Breathtaking South African Floral Safari

Breathtaking South African Floral Safari

Photo Credit: Malcolm Manners via Flickr

Along the west coast of South Africa, a seemingly lifeless landscape is ready to burst into bloom. As the winter rains begin to fall, millions of flowers appear as if by magic from the once-dry soil, carpeting the countryside in a blaze of color.

By following a route south from Springbok to the southern tip of the Western Cape, you can watch antelopes and other African wildlife in the parks and reserves amidst the most spectacular spring floral displays.

Here’s a brief guide to the best wildflower-viewing spots along the way:

For just a short time each year, the dusty plains of Namaqua National Park turn into a daisy-strewn wonderland, with perennial herbs, aloes, lilies, and countless other species adding their own special flourish to the mosaic.

Head south to the Skilpad Wildflower Reserve to continue your tour. Since most of the desert flowers follow the sun, it’s best to visit the reserve during the hottest part of the day.

Further down the coast (about 90 miles north of Cape Town), you’ll find the Postberg Flower Reserve, a small section of the West Coast National Park, which is only open during flower season in August and September.

Nearby, masses of orange, pink, purple, yellow and white flowers blanket the colorful strip of land between the churning Atlantic and the calm waters of Langebaan Lagoon.

In addition to the spectacular flora, park visitors are likely to see a variety of native fauna, including eland, red hartebeest, and Cape grysbok grazing on the fields of flowers as they make their way along the well-marked trails.

Follow the cape as it zigs east to make a final stop at De Hoop Nature Reserve, where lowland fynbos erupts in a riot of color as sunbirds and Cape honeybees dart between the flowers feeding on nectar and pollinating plants.

Read More:

Racism At its worst PW Botha's Rubicon Speech

THE FOLLOWING is a speech made by former South African President P.W. Botha to his Cabinet. This reprint was written by David G. Mailu for the Sunday Times, a South African newspaper, dated August 18, 1985.

“Pretoria has been made by the White mind for the White man. We are not obliged even the least to try to prove to anybody and to the Blacks that we are superior people. We have demonstrated that to the Blacks in a thousand and one ways. The Republic of South Africa that we know of today has not been created by wishful thinking. We have created it at the expense of intelligence, sweat and blood. Were they Afrikaners who tried to eliminate the Australian Aborigines? Are they Afrikaners who discriminate against Blacks and call them Nigge*rs in the States? Were they Afrikaners who started the slave trade? Where is the Black man appreciated? England discriminates against its Black and their “Sus” law is out to discipline the Blacks. Canada, France, Russia, and Japan all play their discrimination too. Why in the hell then is so much noise made about us? Why are they biased against us? I am simply trying to prove to you all that there is nothing unusual we are doing that the so called civilized worlds are not doing. We are simply an honest people who have come out aloud with a clear philosophy of how we want to live our own White life.

We do not pretend like other Whites that we like Blacks. The fact that, Blacks look like human beings and act like human beings do not necessarily make them sensible human beings. Hedgehogs are not porcupines and lizards are not crocodiles simply because they look alike. If God wanted us to be equal to the Blacks, he would have created us all of a uniform colour and intellect. But he created us differently: Whites, Blacks, Yellow, Rulers and the ruled. Intellectually, we are superior to the Blacks; that has been proven beyond any reasonable doubt over the years. I believe that the Afrikaner is an honest, God fearing person, who has demonstrated practically the right way of being. Nevertheless, it is comforting to know that behind the scenes, Europe, America, Canada, Australia -and all others are behind us in spite of what they say. For diplomatic relations, we all know what language should be used and where. To prove my point, Comrades, does anyone of you know a White country without an investment or interest in South Africa? Who buys our gold? Who buys our diamonds? Who trades with us? Who is helping us develop other nuclear weapon? The very truth is that we are their people and they are our people. It’s a big secret. The strength of our economy is backed by America, Britain, and Germany. It is our strong conviction, therefore, that the Black is the raw material for the White man. So Brothers and Sisters, let us join hands together to fight against this Black devil. I appeal to all Afrikaners to come out with any creative means of fighting this war. Surely God cannot forsake his own people whom we are. By now every one of us has seen it practically that the Blacks cannot rule themselves. Give them guns and they will kill each other. They are good in nothing else but making noise, dancing, marrying many wives and indulging in sex. Let us all accept that the Black man is the symbol of poverty, mental inferiority, laziness and emotional incompetence. Isn’t it plausible, therefore that the White man is created to rule the Black man? Come to think of what would happen one day if you woke up and on the throne sat a Kaff*ir! Can you imagine what would happen to our women? Does anyone of you believe that the Blacks can rule this country?

Hence, we have good reasons to let them all-the Mandelas-rot in prison, and I think we should be commended for having kept them alive in spite of what we have at hand with which to finish them off. I wish to announce a number of new strategies that should be put to use to destroy this Black bug. We should now make use of the chemical weapon. Priority number one, we should not by all means allow any more increases of the Black population lest we be choked very soon. I have exciting news that our scientists have come with an efficient stuff. I am sending out more researchers to the field to identify as many venues as possible where the chemical weapons could be employed to combat any further population increases. The hospital is a very strategic opening, for example and should be fully utilized. The food supply channel should be used. We have developed excellent slow killing poisons and fertility destroyers. Our only fear is in case such stuff came in to their hands as they are bound to start using it against us if you care to think of the many Blacks working for us in our houses.

However, we are doing the best we can to make sure that the stuff remains strictly in our hands. Secondly, most Blacks are vulnerable to money inducements. I have set aside a special fund to exploit this venue. The old trick of divide and rule is still very valid today. Our experts should work day and night to set the Black man against his fellowman. His inferior sense of morals can be exploited beautifully. And here is a creature that lacks foresight. There is a need for us to combat him in long term projections that he cannot suspect. The average Black does not plan his life beyond a year: that stance, for example, should be exploited. My special department is already working round the clock to come out with a long-term operation blueprint. I am also sending a special request to all Afrikaner mothers to double their birth rate. It may be necessary too to set up a population boom industry by putting up centres where we employ and support fully White young men and women to produce children for the nation. We are also investigating the merit of uterus rentals as a possible means of speeding up the growth of our population through surrogate mothers.

For the time being, we should also engage a higher gear to make sure that Black men are separated from their women and fines imposed upon married wives who bear illegitimate children. I have a committee working on finding better methods of inciting Blacks against each other and encouraging murders among themselves. Murder cases among Blacks should bear very little punishment in order to encourage them.

My scientists have come up with a drug that could be smuggled into their brews to effect slow poisoning results and fertility destruction. Working through drinks and manufacturing of soft drinks geared to the Blacks, could promote the channels of reducing their population. Ours is not a war that we can use the atomic bomb to destroy the Blacks, so we must use our intelligence to affect this. The person-to-person encounter can be very effective.

As the records show that the Black man is dying to go to bed with the White woman, here is our unique opportunity. Our Sex Mercenary Squad should go out and camouflage with Apartheid Fighters while doing their operations quietly administering slow killing poison and fertility destroyers to those Blacks they thus befriend. We are modifying the Sex Mercenary Squad by introducing White men who should go for the militant Black woman and any other vulnerable Black woman. We have received a new supply of prostitutes from Europe and America who are desperate and too keen to take up the appointments.

My latest appeal is that the maternity hospital operations should be intensified. We are not paying those people to help bring Black babies to this world but to eliminate them on the very delivery moment. If this department worked very efficiently, a great deal could be achieved.

My Government has set aside a special fund for erecting more covert hospitals and clinics to promote this programme. Money can do anything for you. So while we have it, we should make the best use of it. In the meantime my beloved White citizens, do not take to heart what the world says, and don’t be ashamed of being called racists. I do not mind being called the architect and King of Apartheid. I shall not become a monkey simply because someone has called me a monkey. I will still remain your bright star,

His Excellency Botha. ”

Example of crazy Apartheid laws

1. Nonwhite people had to be indoors by 9pm

2. Only started to get television in 1976 and you needed a license to get one

3. Werent allowed to drink wine if you were Black eventhough the most of the vinyard workers were Black

4. If you were Japanese or Taiwanese you could get honorary White status. However if you from those groups and born in South Africa you would be considered Coloured

5. If you were Black you weren’t allowed to start your own business

White Sandton

Nearby Alexandria Township

Photo: Kids crossing river

The most extreme examples of race hate in the world

1. Apartheid

2. Slavery and Jim Crow

3. Holocaust