Richest Cities in Africa

These are the richest cities in Africa by average income 8/10 are in Southern Africa

1. Sandton City $38,623

2. Libreville  $29,000

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3. Gaborone $26,000

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4. Malabo $24,000

5. Johannesburg $21,500

6. Pretoria $20,400

7. Port Louis $20,000

8. Cape Town $17,000

9. Windhoek $14,800

10. Luanda $14,500

10. Tunis $14,500

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Ethiopia Plans Export Hubs With $10 Billion Factory Parks

Special Adviser Arkebe Oqubay

“According to the vision, Ethiopia would be a leading manufacturing powerhouse in Africa,” Arkebe said. Photographer: William Davison/Bloomberg

Ethiopia is targeting $1 billion of annual investment in industrial parks over the next decade to boost exports and make it Africa’s top manufacturer, a special adviser to Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn said.

The government may invest half of the $10 billion needed for zones across the country that will house textile, leather, agro-processing and other labor-intensive factories, Arkebe Oqubay said in an interview in the capital, Addis Ababa. The International Finance Corp., the World Bank’s private lending arm, along with Chinese and European lenders and private-equity funds are interested in projects, he said.

“In terms of industrial development and manufacturing development, we want to put Ethiopia number one in Africa,” Arkebe said.

Growth in Ethiopia has surpassed every other sub-Saharan country over the past decade and is forecast by the International Monetary Fund to exceed 8 percent over the next two years. The state-planned economy is opening up to foreign investors following its sale of $1 billion of Eurobonds last year and plans to start an equities and secondary debt market, London-based Exotix, which has a buy rating on the Eurobonds, said May 7.

Ethiopia’s manufacturing industry is valued at about $1.35 billion, compared with $48.1 billion in South Africa, according to World Bank data.

Calvin Klein

American clothing company Phillips-Van Heusen Corp., which owns the Tommy Hilfiger and Calvin Klein brands, is considering using suppliers at an industrial park in Hawassa, south of Addis Ababa, the government said last month. Hennes & Mauritz AB, Europe’s second-largest clothing retailer, already sources from three factories in Ethiopia, where wages can be as little as a tenth of China’s and access to the U.S. market is duty free under the African Growth and Opportunity Act.

Ethiopia had targeted a 15-fold increase in textile and leather exports to $1.5 billion in a five-year plan that finishes in July, the end of the country’s fiscal year. That surge failed to take place because of a lack of specialized parks with services including utilities, banks, customs and transport links, said Arkebe, who is chairman of the state-run Industrial Parks Development Corp.

Total manufacturing shipments earned $262 million in the first eight months of this fiscal year, up 10 percent from the previous year. Investing in industrial parks will be “a major solution to the problems,” Arkebe said.

200,000 Jobs

The government will use about half of the funds from the Eurobond to develop parks in the financial year that begins July 8, he said. The government’s so-called Vision 2025 sees manufacturing expanding 25 percent a year and creating employment for 200,000 Ethiopians annually, Arkebe said.

The World Bank is spending $250 million on a second industrial zone at Bole Lemi, on the edge of Addis Ababa. In October, Shin Textile Solutions Co. of South Korea moved into the existing factory park at Bole Lemi, employing 3,000 people, Arkebe said.

A textile park opened in Hawassa in April and construction begins this month on zones in Dire Dawa and Adama, which are both on Ethiopia’s main trade route to a port in neighboring Djibouti, according to Arkebe. Kombolcha and Mekele will also be manufacturing centers. The industrial park plans need to be endorsed by federal lawmakers who will be voted for in May 24 elections, he said.

Chinese Funding

Electric railways costing $4 million per kilometer will serve the environmentally friendly hubs that private companies can develop “almost” rent free from the parks company, which will have as much as 100,000 hectares of land, Arkebe said.

Developers will get a tax holiday of as long as 15 years and duty-free privileges, with incentives increasing for building done outside the capital, he said. Manufacturers can get tax exemptions of 10 years if they export all their products from a site not in Addis Ababa.

One rail project connecting Addis Ababa with the cities of Jimma, Bedele and Ambo began last week. Chinese banks will “mainly” finance the 491-kilometer (305-mile) rail link, he said. Another railway from a port in the Djiboutian town of Tadjourah port to Bahir Dar city and from the capital south to the cities of Hawassa and Arba Minch will be completed by July 2020, Arkebe said.

Separately, the government says a Chinese-funded track from Addis Ababa to Djibouti will be completed this year. Work is also continuing on a $1.7 billion line that goes through Kombolcha, funded by the Export Credit Bank of Turkey and Credit Suisse Group AG.

Rwanda to House Africa’s Newest Smart City

smart cities

Rwanda, Ericsson to Float New Smart City Initiative

VENTURES AFRICA – Nairobi recently emerged the smartest city in Africa, creating in the process an incentive for other continental cities to join the bandwagon. In a very recent development, the Government of the Republic of Rwanda has entered into an official agreement with Ericsson, a key Communications and Technology Services provider, to kick-start the smart Rwanda project.

The project will be a critical enabler of the Rwandan vision 2020 and its attendant mid-term economic development and poverty reduction (the EDPRS II) and the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) sector strategic plan for 2013 to 2018. The initiative is a government effort aimed at applying the power of ICT in the development agenda to transform the social and economic development of the country.

The deal is structured such that Ericsson will provide ICT infrastructure to help Rwanda achieve its ICT development vision, one village at a time.

“Ericsson will invest in ICT infrastructure and also implement the project. We are committed to helping other countries to build smart cities. We are happy to drive the African mission to Rwanda. We will deploy smart solutions for Rwanda smart city initiative. We are pushing to expand smart Rwanda to other countries. The focus is on education, health, agriculture, service sector, among others. We are also discussing with other African countries in the same project,” revealed Fredrik Ledling, President of Ericsson Sub-Saharan Africa during the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona.

Jean Nsengimana, the Rwandan Minister for Youth and ICT expressed his optimism at the prospects of such a behemoth project especially with respect to the Vision 2020 agenda. According to him, the core areas to be covered in the project include smart education, smart healthcare, smart governance, smart business, smart agriculture and infrastructure, among others.

“Ericsson has been our partner in the roll out plan. Rwanda is steadily moving towards its vision of becoming an information-rich and knowledge-based economy and society and an ICT hub in the region. The key to the success of smart Rwanda is sustainability of all the country´s interventions. Our strategy will be to rely on the much needed private sector resources and capabilities,” he said.

Smart cities are fast becoming the present-day ICT fad for metropolises around the globe. These cities leverage digital technologies to enhance performance and overall quality of life while reducing city-wide costs and resource consumption. The usual end result is a positive impact on sustainable economic growth, competitiveness, and shared prosperity.

By Emmanuel Iruobe

African Countries that actually fought for their independence

Algeria

The Algerian War, also known as the Algerian War of Independence or the Algerian Revolution (Berber: Tagrawla Tadzayrit; Arabic: الثورة الجزائريةAl-thawra Al-Jazaa’iriyya; French: Guerre d’Algérie or Révolution algérienne) was a war between France and the Algerian independence movements from 1954 to 1962, which led to Algeria gaining its independence from France. An important decolonization war, it was a complex conflict characterized by guerrilla warfare, maquis fighting, terrorism, the use of torture by both sides, and counter-terrorism operations. The conflict was also a civil war between loyalist Algerians supporting a French Algeria and their insurrectionist Algerian nationalist counterparts.[6]

In 1961, President Charles de Gaulle decided to give up Algeria, although it was regarded as an integral part of France, after conducting a referendum showing huge support for Algerian independence. The planned withdrawal led to a state crisis, to various assassination attempts on de Gaulle, and some attempts of military coups. Most of the former were carried out by the Organisation de l’armée secrète (OAS), an underground organization formed mainly from French military personnel supporting a French Algeria, which committed a large number of bombings and murders in both Algeria and the homeland to stop the planned independence.

Upon independence, in 1962, 900,000 European-Algerians (Pieds-noirs) fled to France, in fear of the FLN’s revenge, within a few months. The government was totally unprepared for the vast number of refugees, causing turmoil in France. The majority of Algerian Muslims who had worked for the French, were disarmed and left behind as the treaty between French and Algerian authorities declared that no actions could be taken against them.[7] However, the Harkis in particular, having served as auxiliaries with the French army, were regarded as traitors by the FLN and between 50,000 and 150,000 Harkis and family members were murdered by the FLN or lynch-mobs, often after being abducted and tortured. About 91,000 managed to flee to France, some with help from their French officers acting against orders, and today they and their descendants form a significant part of the Algerian-French population.

Angola-

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The Angolan War of Independence (1961–1974) began as an uprising against forced cotton cultivation, and became a multi-faction struggle for the control of Portugal’s Overseas Province of Angola among three nationalist movements and a separatist movement.[23] The war ended when a leftist military coup in Lisbon in April 1974 overthrew Portugal’s Estado Novo regime, and the new regime immediately stopped all military action in the African colonies, declaring its intention to grant them independence without delay.

It was a guerrilla war in which the Portuguese Armed Forces waged a counter-insurgency campaign against armed groups mostly dispersed across sparsely populated areas of the vast Angolan countryside.[24] Many atrocities were committed by all forces involved in the conflict.

In Angola, after the Portuguese had stopped the war, an armed conflict broke out among the nationalist movements. This war formally came to an end in January 1975 when the Portuguese government, the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), and the National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA) signed the Alvor Agreement.

Mozambique-

The Mozambican War of Independence was an armed conflict between the guerrilla forces of the Mozambique Liberation Front or FRELIMO (Frente de Libertação de Moçambique), and Portugal. The war officially started on September 25, 1964, and ended with a ceasefire on September 8, 1974, resulting in a negotiated independence in 1975.

Portugal’s wars against independence guerrilla fighters in its 400-year-old African territories began in 1961 with Angola. In Mozambique, the conflict erupted in 1964 as a result of unrest and frustration amongst many indigenous Mozambican populations, who perceived foreign rule to be a form of exploitation and mistreatment, which served only to further Portuguese economic interests in the region. Many Mozambicans also resented Portugal’s policies towards indigenous people, which resulted in discrimination, traditional lifestyle turning difficult for many Africans, and limited access to Portuguese-style education and skilled employment.

As successful self-determination movements spread throughout Africa after World War II, many Mozambicans became progressively nationalistic in outlook, and increasingly frustrated by the nation’s continued subservience to foreign rule. For the other side, many enculturated indigenous Africans who were fully integrated into the Portugal-ruled social organization of Portuguese Mozambique, in particular those from the urban centres, reacted to the independentist claims with a mixture of discomfort and suspicion. The ethnic Portuguese of the territory, which included most of the ruling authorities, responded with increased military presence and fast-paced development projects.

A mass exile of Mozambique’s political intelligentsia to neighbouring countries provided havens from which radical Mozambicans could plan actions and foment political unrest in their homeland. The formation of the Mozambican guerrilla organisation FRELIMO and the support of the Soviet Union, China, Cuba, Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Tanzania, and Zambia through arms and advisers, led to the outbreak of violence that was to last over a decade.

From a military standpoint, the Portuguese regular army held the upper hand during the conflict against the independentist guerrilla forces. Nonetheless, Mozambique succeeded in achieving independence on June 25, 1975, after the coup d’état in Portugal known as the Carnation Revolution, thus ending 470 years of Portuguese colonial rule in the East African region. According to historians of the Revolution, the military coup in Portugal was in part fuelled by protests concerning the conduct of Portuguese troops in their treatment of some local Mozambican populace.[26][27] The role of the growing communist influence over the group of Portuguese military insurgents who led the Lisbon’s military coup, and, on the other hand, the pressure of the international community over the direction of the Portuguese Colonial War in general, were main causes for the final outcome.[28]

Countries with the nicest beaches in Africa

1. Seychelles beaches

Seychelles Beautiful Beach HD Wallpaper for iPad

Africa Crystal Clear Water photos Overview About Seychelles Tourism Travel Places

Africa Poivre Island Aerial View photos Overview About Seychelles Tourism Travel Places

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2. Mauritius’s beaches

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3. Zanzibar, Tanzania

Mnemba Island

4. Nosy Be, Madagascar

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Nosy Be Resort

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and Ile Saint Marie

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5. Bazaruto, Mozambique

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6. Cape Town beaches

Clear water ripples on Noordhoek beach

7. Malindi, Kenya

8. Cape Verde’s beaches

9. Angola – Benguela

10. Equatorial Guinea – Corisco Island beach

Honorable Mention Sao Tome

12. Comoros

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13. Moucha Island Djibouti

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14. Mayotte

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Breathtaking South African Floral Safari

Breathtaking South African Floral Safari

Photo Credit: Malcolm Manners via Flickr

Along the west coast of South Africa, a seemingly lifeless landscape is ready to burst into bloom. As the winter rains begin to fall, millions of flowers appear as if by magic from the once-dry soil, carpeting the countryside in a blaze of color.

By following a route south from Springbok to the southern tip of the Western Cape, you can watch antelopes and other African wildlife in the parks and reserves amidst the most spectacular spring floral displays.

Here’s a brief guide to the best wildflower-viewing spots along the way:

For just a short time each year, the dusty plains of Namaqua National Park turn into a daisy-strewn wonderland, with perennial herbs, aloes, lilies, and countless other species adding their own special flourish to the mosaic.

Head south to the Skilpad Wildflower Reserve to continue your tour. Since most of the desert flowers follow the sun, it’s best to visit the reserve during the hottest part of the day.

Further down the coast (about 90 miles north of Cape Town), you’ll find the Postberg Flower Reserve, a small section of the West Coast National Park, which is only open during flower season in August and September.

Nearby, masses of orange, pink, purple, yellow and white flowers blanket the colorful strip of land between the churning Atlantic and the calm waters of Langebaan Lagoon.

In addition to the spectacular flora, park visitors are likely to see a variety of native fauna, including eland, red hartebeest, and Cape grysbok grazing on the fields of flowers as they make their way along the well-marked trails.

Follow the cape as it zigs east to make a final stop at De Hoop Nature Reserve, where lowland fynbos erupts in a riot of color as sunbirds and Cape honeybees dart between the flowers feeding on nectar and pollinating plants.

Read More: Intelligenttravel.nationalgeographic.com