1. Syria 212 deaths per 100,000
war in Syria has plunged 80% of its people into poverty, reduced life expectancy by 20 years, and led to massive economic losses estimated at over $200 billion since the conflict began in 2010, according to a UN-backed report.
Almost three million Syrians lost their jobs during the conflict, which meant that more than 12 million people lost their primary source of income, it said, and unemployment surged from 14.9% in 2011 to 57.7% at the end of 2014.
Syria now has the second-largest refugee population in the world after the Palestinians, with 3.33 million people fleeing to other countries, it said. In addition, 1.55 million Syrians left the country to find work and a safer life elsewhere while 6.8 million fled their homes but remain in Syria, it said.
It said education is also “in a state of collapse” with 50.8% of school-age children no longer attending school during 2014-2015 and almost half losing three years of schooling.
2. Afghanistan 202 deaths per 100,000
3. Honduras 90 deaths per 100,000 Most dangerous country not at war
68.5% of Hondurans live in poverty (World Bank, 2016). Here, 6 out of 10 of households are subject to extreme poverty of incomes of less than $3.80 per day (World Bank).
Honduras is also a difficult place to establish businesses and jobs as proven by a World Bank report that ranks the country 115th out of 190 countries on the ease of doing business and 152th out of 190 on successful enforcement of contracts. the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime labeled Honduras the Murder Capital of the World with 82 homicides for every 100,000 inhabitants. 80% of homicide cases are not investigated while 96% never reach any sort of judicial resolution. The U.S. government estimates that approximately 3 to 4 metric tons of cocaine passes through Honduras each month, equivalent to a U.S. street value of $507 to $676 million.
Organized criminal groups like gangs and drug traffickers pay off police, prosecutors, and judges to get away with their crimes. This corrupts the criminal justice system. Without a functioning justice system, impunity runs rampant for criminals and murderers: they are rarely held accountable for their actions. This of course, leads to more violence and crime. This cycle is pictured at right. Impunity, the first piece of this negative cycle, is also the most complex
There is a backlog of more than 180,000 cases in the Honduran courts
There is extremely limited access to any kind of medical care so that if a family member falls ill with a respiratory problem, there are few resources to solve the problem.
Most families do not have access to clean water and get water from a cistern or pozo. If there is no rain, families haul water from the nearest, usually polluted, stream. n a context of poverty and limited government services (whether police, social services, education, health, or otherwise) gangs are likely to form. In Honduras’ marginalized neighborhoods, gangs provide an opportunity for young people to find identity and a source of income. Different sources estimate there are between 12,000 and 40,000 members in Honduras. Gangs commit many different crimes: extortion, street-level drug peddling, wholesale drug trafficking (in some cases), robbery, and murder-for-hire schemes. All of these activities can result in violence or murder. Extorted businesses or individuals do not pay war taxes, gang members may kill them
If multiple gangs want to sell drugs in the same area, they may fight over that territory
Gangs have strict codes for their members that if broken, are punishable by death
When Hurricane Mitch devastated Central America in October 1998, 15,000 people died and a million were left homeless in underdeveloped Honduras, the second poorest country in the Western hemisphere. What turned Mitch from a natural hazard into a human disaster was a chain reaction of social vulnerabilities created by long-term climate change, environmental degradation, poverty, social inequality, population pressure, rapid urbanisation and international debt.
The gangs enforced a 6 p.m. curfew. Bodies littered the dirt streets in the morning. The 18th Street Gang set up a checkpoint, and every entering driver was asked: Where are you from? Where are you going? Anyone with wrong answers was shot on the spot. I heard from multiple sources — including in the State Department and the Honduran police — about gangsters playing soccer with the decapitated head of someone they had executed.
The city of San Pedro Sula had the highest homicide rate in the world. And the Rivera Hernández neighborhood, where 194 people were killed or hacked to death in 2013, had the highest homicide rate in the city.
More than half of all Syrians have been forced to flee their homes.
There are more than 5
4. Venezuela 89 deaths per 100,000
90 percent of the country’s population lives below the poverty line and more than half of families are unable to meet basic food needs. But what happened to cause these issues? It’s gotten so bad that people are buying rotten meat in the market, because that is all they can afford. The average Venezuelan has lost a shocking 24 pounds in the past year. Medical facilities in Venezuela are breaking down and losing their electricity at the same time that the cost of medications has become astronomical. There is a shortage of around 85 percent of all medicines in the country.public hospitals, which are seen as corrupt, understaffed, and lacking supplies, which hospital staff allegedly steal and resell.
Meanwhile, 13,000 doctors have left Venezuela in the past four years.
Venezuelan gangs are no longer recruiting youths in some poor areas by offering them easy money to buy clothes or the latest cell phones. Instead, they are offering food baskets.
And on the streets, walking around with a bag of groceries can attract more thieves than a full wallet.
carjack gangs set up ambushes, sometimes laying down nail-embedded strips to puncture tires of vehicles ferrying potential quarry. Motorists speak matter-of-factly of spotting body parts along roadways. …
According to the head of waste collection in the city of Maracaibo, Ricardo Boscan, 6 out of every 10 garbage bags or trash cans are being looted by hungry people. Other signs of hunger in Venezuela include the killing of dogs, cats, donkeys, horses and pigeons—whose dismembered remains are found in city garbage dumps—and of protected wildlife such as flamingos and giant anteater
Jobs in Venezuela have all but disappeared, and with violence on the rise and reliable access to food, healthcare and medicine deteriorating, more than 2.3 million Venezuelans have left in the last three years. The shutdowns have taken a toll on the lives of people like the Moleros. “We had to throw away chicken, bread and vegetables because they decomposed during blackouts that lasted more than 15 hours each,” Molero Sr. said.
nearly 58% of children in Venezuela dropping out in 2018.
due to the shortage of steel, abandoned cars and other vehicles would be acquired by the government and melted to provide rebar for housing. Blackouts are a near-daily occurrence, and many people live without running water. According to media reports, schoolchildren and oil workers have begun passing out from hunger, and sick Venezuelans have scoured veterinary offices for medicine.
People steal stop signs and sell them for scrap metal, airlines have stopped flying there, people rob people during funerals, and dig up graves for jewelry to sell
5. Yemen 63 deaths per 100,000
Without access to proper medical care, people have become more vulnerable to treatable and communicable diseases like tuberculosis and malaria
6. El Salvador 60 per 100,000
Central city closes up tight after six PM with metal doors and window bars securely in place on all the shops. Every piece of merchandise, from dolls to donuts, is removed as the night people gradually emerge from the shadows: homeless indigents, petty thieves, druggies and prostitutes. Even the beggars disappear from the crime ridden streets. A San Salvadorian person stands a 50% chance of getting robbed at knife-point; a tourist 90%.
With an estimated 60,000 members in a country of 6.5 million people, the gangs hold power disproportionate to their numbers. They maintain a menacing presence in 247 of 262 municipalities. They extort about 70 percent of businesses. They dislodge entire communities from their homes, and help propel thousands of Salvadorans to undertake dangerous journeys to the United States. Their violence costs El Salvador $4 billion a year, according to a study by the country’s Central Reserve Bank.
Politicians must ask permission of gangs to hold rallies or canvass in many neighborhoods, law-enforcement officials and prosecutors said. In San Salvador, the nation’s capital, gangs control the local distribution of consumer products, experts said, including diapers and Coca-Cola . They extort commuters, call-center employees, and restaurant and store owners. In the rural east, gangs threaten to burn sugar plantations unless farmers pay up.
Unlike the major drug cartels that for years produced much of the region’s violence—using murder in the service of selling marijuana, cocaine and heroin largely to Americans—gangs in El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala profit from extorting their own neighborhoods
MS-13 gang members have their own prison facility on the outskirts of San Salvador, one of El Salvador’s most dangerous cities. The prison was originally built to house around 800 inmates, but now holds close to 3,000. The MS-13 members were behaving so aggressively to non-members that they had to isolate them. Further, there are no prison guards inside the facility, as they too were being picked off one by one. The prison is essentially run by the gang, and the Salvadoran army stands guard on the outside of the complex, in the event that inmates try and escape. Despite the extremely violent nature of the gang, operations run quite smoothly on the inside.
One of the most notable traditions of the MS-13 gang are their brutal initiation rituals. Wannabe members must survive vicious beatings and carry out brutal missions in order to be granted membership. Sometimes, initiation is so severe that it requires a would-be member to murder a rival gang member. The gang must be sure that all initiated members are willing to go to any lengths to protect and defend the club. If, during the initiation process, a prospect proves to be weak or unfit, they are not granted membership. The brutal beat-ins are not reserved for the men. Female prospects suffer the same initiation process, sometimes even worse, as the men will join in when a woman is initiated. Some of the women are subjected to gang rape and assaults that are extremely severe. All in the name of belonging to a gang.
In 2015 homicide rate of 104 people per 100,000 was the highest for any country in nearly 20 years, according from the World Bank.
Two out of three Salvadorans never attend high school.
7. Libya 41 deaths per 100,000
8. Iraq 40
9. South Sudan 40
10. Somalia 40