In many parts of the world racism is still alive and well
Let us all accept that the Black man is the symbol of poverty, mental inferiority, laziness and emotional incompetence – PW Botha former apartheid leader of South Africa
National Poverty rate 34 percent
Black poverty rate 80 percent
National Poverty rate 25 percent
Black Poverty rate 50 percent
However, unlike the United States, there is little social mobility. People born in the lower class will usually remain there for the rest of their lives, tending to give a sense of superiority to many members of Ecuador’s upper class.
National Poverty rate 33 percent
Only 2 percent go to college
Up to 70% of Afro-Peruians do not seek medical attention for fear of discrimination.
Half of Afro-Peruvians have been insulted at least once on the street whereas four of every 10 have felt discriminated against in their workplace or in shops or other public spaces
1.Francisco Nguema was the first President of Equatorial Guinea; he ruled Equatorial Guinea before his nephew in 1979 overthrew him and sentenced to death by Firing squad for genocide and other crimes he committed. He was brutal and apparently deranged, and he is one of the worst dictators in modern African history.Years in power: 11 years
Lows: During his regime, he granted himself “all direct powers of Government and Institutions.” He ordered the death of entire families and villages; he executed members of his family, One-third of the population fled the country, he ordered every boat in the nation sold or destroyed and banned all citizens from the shoreline to prevent more people from escaping his terror.
2. African Kings that Sold their people into Slavery
2. Joseph Mobutu
3. Charles Taylor
Charles Taylor once described as the “tyrant of death” was the President of Liberia from August 1997 until 2003 when international pressure forced him to resign and go into exile in Nigeria. He remains one of the most brutal dictators in Africa till date.
Years in power: 6 years
Lows: Charles Taylor is currently serving a 50-year sentence for his involvement in what the judge described as “some of the most heinous and brutal crimes recorded in human history.” He was found guilty of the following charges: Acts of terrorism, Unlawful killings, Murder, Violence to life, health and physical or mental well-being of persons,
3. He also served as the Chairperson of the African Union from 31 January 2011 to 29 January 2012.
Lows: State-operated radio declared President Obiang “the country’s god” with “all power over men and things,” and thereby he “can decide to kill without anyone calling him to account and without going to hell.” Unlawful killings, government-sanctioned kidnappings; torture of prisoners by security forces, and even accusations of cannibalism has trailed President Obiang’s regime. Forbes estimates his wealth to be around $600 million; he has used an oil boom to enrich his family at the expense of the citizens of Equatorial Guinea.
4. Omar Al Bashir
Sudan’s President seized power in 1989 in a bloodless military coup against the government of Prime Minister Sadiq al-Mahdi- a government which was democratically elected by the people of Sudan. Soon after seizing power, Al-Bashir dispersed all political parties in the country, disbanded the country’s parliament and shut down all privately-owned media outlets. His reign has been characterized by a civil war in which over one million have been killed, while several millions have been displaced. Al-Bashir is still wanted by the International Criminal Court for instigating crimes against humanity, particularly in directing and funding acts of violence against the Southern Sudan. Famously corrupt, a diplomatic wikileaks cable revealed that Al-Bashir likely siphoned some $9 billion of his country’s funds into his private bank accounts in the United Kingdom.
7. Gnassingbé Eyadema remains one of Africa’s longest-serving dictator. Eyadema became the president of Togo in 1967 after he led a military coup against the incumbent President, a man he helped bring to power in a bloody military coup. He died of a heart attack in 2005, and his son Faure was named the President of Togo in controversial circumstances.
Years in power: 38 years
Lows: Eyadema is the pioneer of Africa’s first military coup d’etat, an act that soon became the political trend in Africa. He organized a presidential election in 1998 and canceled “in the interests of national security” when he was losing. He was accused of several cases of human right abuses.
8. Paul Biya
Paul Biya has been the President of Cameroon since 6 November 1982. He consolidated power in a 1983–1984 power struggle with his predecessor and he remains a powerhouse in Africa and the president of Cameroon till date.
Years in power: 35 years +
Highs: Cameroon has enjoyed peace and stability for the past 30 years. Paul Biya’s regime has also overseen one of the strongest diplomatic relations in Africa.
Lows: Paul Biya has kept himself in power by organizing sham elections and paying international observers to certify them free of irregularities, the top African leader, and dictator who has been accused of constant human right abuse, was ranked 19th in Parade Magazine’s Top 20 list of “The World’s Worst Dictators.”
9. Yoweri Museveni – Uganda
10. Jacob Zuma – South Africa
11. Edgar Lungu – Zambia
Sold his country to the Chinese
12. Buthelezi – South Africa Tried to fight against the ANC, because he was jealous and wanted power.
13. President John Mahama – Incompetent President
14. Bingu Wa Mutharika – Malawi
15. Goodwill Zwelithini – Responsible for foolish xenophobia attacks
16. King Mswati
Africa’s last absolute monarch presides over a country which has one of the world’s highest HIV prevalence rates: Over 35 percent of adults. Its average life expectancy is the lowest in the world at 33 years; nearly 70 percent of the country’s citizens live on less than $1 a day and 40 percent are unemployed. But for all the suffering of the Swazi people, King Mswati has barely shown concern or interest. He lives lavishly, using his kingdom’s treasury to fund his expensive tastes in German automobiles, first-class leisure trips around the worldand women. But his gross mismanagement of his country’s finances is now having dire economic consequences. Swaziland is going through a severe fiscal crisis. The kingdom’s economy is collapsing and pensions have been stopped. In June last year, the King begged for a financial bailout from South Africa, and the country is at a dead end, so badly that it recently announced its withdrawal from the 2013 Africans Nations Cup, citing lack of finances as the principal reason.
17. Goodluck Jonathan
Did nothing about the Chibok Girls crisis except throw those protesting against it in jail.
18. Blaise Campoare – Back Stabbing Judas loser president
He led a coup d’état during which Sankara was killed. Subsequently, he introduced a policy of “rectification”, overturning the leftist and Third Worldist policies pursued by Sankara. He won elections in 1991, 1998, 2005, and 2010 in what were considered unfair circumstances. Compaoré also helped Taylor in the early 1990s by sending him troops and resources
Philadelphia Mayor Wilson Goode stands on the roof of a newly constructed home, Sept. 17, 1985, on the site of the deadly battle with the group MOVE. Homeowners burned out as a result of the police siege of the MOVE headquarters watched the rebuilding process with skepticism.
Take the recent incidence of slave trade in Libya in which many Nigerians were the victims of such trade. Now ask yourself: what would make a citizen in a country that is neither a shithole, at war nor in ethnic cleansing pay good money good money to travel through the Sahara desert in hopes of making it to Europe through Libya? What would make so many people take that risk with less than 60 percent chances of survival? And then refuse to come back even after being rescued at the slave camps in Libya? What kind of disease creates such desperation, if the country was not a shithole.
5. Drug peddling
8. Sars Police
8. Oil spillage
10. Issues of Succession
11. Disgrace image of other Africans
In Europe they have developed a reputation for being illegal immigrants, scammers, drug pushers, and prostitutes
In East Asia, they have developed a reputation for being illegal immigrants, scam artists, and drug pushers
In the Middle East robbing banks, trying to smuggle drugs
South America, illegal immigrants, and drug smugglers
All while disgracing the image of Black people in many places that recently came into contact with Black people
Why living in Nigeria sucks as a Nigerian
1. Nigeria is very corrupt every were you go you always have to pay a bribe you have to pay a bribe to pass school yet to pay a bribe to get better cheap man hospital the policeman asked you for a bride
2. The government doesn’t give a crab about you
3. You can’t trust nobody everyone is a liar back stabber fief rub person hypocrite
4. The leaders in your government treat you like ship
5. It’s dangerous
6. Constant on announced power outages one day the whole country’s electric grid schlittli shut down on the country was in dark
7. It’s crowded
8. It’s ugly
9. Sars Police
10. Please won’t catch corrupt officials harder criminals or print on the innocent and Islamic terrace however if you’re gay they’re really serious about putting you in jail in Nigeria if you’re cut being gay whatever that means you are subject at least 14 years in prison and I’ll corrupt politician T stood millions and millions of dollars from poor innocent people I left to go free
Always on the verge of civil war..corruption from top to bottom..roughly 70 percent of female population victims of sexual assault..cannibalism prevalent, etc
You name it, murder, rape, torture, cannabilism and voodoo beliefs are all common place here. Throw cocaine and ice into the mix, along with children with machine guns bigger than themselves and you have the results seen in this doco. Bad, very bad.
The size of the entire country is $2 billion. Oprah Winfery has more money than the entire country put together.
Burundi is so small and poor great place for a terrorist and plenty of diseases
2. Democratic Republic of the Congo
All of the gold mines are run by warlords, not the country. Children are forced to go to war over the mines. Rape, shootings, hijackings, mutilations, ethnic conflict hatred, genocides, group rapes, gender mutilations, point blank shooting and more. Poisonings.
Famine. Piracy. Hunger. War. Al-Shabaab. FGM.
5. South Sudan
civil war, poverty, and terrorists. Wraps up the country in 1 sentence.
6. Central African Republic
Bordering the C.A.R are the nations of Congo, Chad and Sudan also among the worst countries to live in. It is most likely the lack of safe drinking water and ongoing civil war which makes this country so difficult to live in. During the genocides in the Congo and in Sudan, many fled to the C.A.R to escape those conflicts but wound up in another conflict within the C.A.R. The country cannot sustain its own people nor the millions of refugees.As true in many African nations starvation and disease plagues this nation and makes it one of the worst countries to live in.
7. Sierra Leone
Poverty and war plagues this small African nation. The blood diamond crisis is most evident in this country as neither the government or the largest UN mandate ever could prevent the violence associated with blood diamonds. The country continues on a downward spiral and living here is not preferred by anyone. Perhaps the only solution to help this war torn nation is for the African Union to somehow establish controls on diamond exports in the country.
The Island of Hispanolia is one of the most strangest and weirdest places, with the most craziest and fascinating history you will ever see.
Why Black people should care about the Dominican Republic
1. Large Majority Black Population
2. Decent Infrastructure
3. Beautiful Country and People
4. Alternative to America
5. Ways to establish connections beyond their countries
The Island of Hate
The independent Hispanic website Voxxi News reports that Haitian and Dominican relations are currently the worst they have been in 75 years.
Facts about about Hispanolia
It was the first place settled by Europeans in the New World
The Island was originally originally inhabited by Taino Native Americans who were brutally decimated and killed off.
It’s name means the Spanish Island, but in reality it should be called the African Island. At 20 million people and 10 million divided for each country, these two countries are the largest Black Majority countries in the New World or the Americas. 86-90% is of African descent
This was the place where idea of enslaving Blacks/Africans and sending them to Americas came about. Santo Domingo was the first slave port. The Spanish priest Las Casa was behind this idea.
On 22 January 1510 the start of the systematic transportation of African slaves to the New World happened. King Ferdinand of Spain authorises a shipment of 50 African slaves to be sent to Santo Domingo.
It became the richest colony in the world due to the sugarcane production
The slaves in Haiti were the worst treated slaves. Which resulted in them revolting and successfully establishing the the Worlds first country ran by ex slaves, and the second independent country in the Americas.
The Haitian occupation, what was it all about.
The misconception that Haiti invaded the Dominican Republic distorts events that took place on the island between 1795 and 1844. Shortly after the start of the Haitian Revolution in 1791, Spain ceded its part of the island to France in the 1795 Treaty of Basel. This resulted in the entire island becoming one single French colony. It is that colony that became an independent state in January 1804. All Haitian Constitutions published since independence through 1867 have referred to the entire island as the nation of Haiti because it was the entire island that won its independence from France. This is stated in Article 1 of the Constitution of 1805 where the country of Haiti is defined as the island of Haiti. To say that Haiti invaded its eastern part is like saying that Haiti invaded itself.Boyer never colonized nor conquered nor invaded the eastern side of the island because that portion of the island was already a part of Haiti. Revisionist historians constantly accuse Boyer of having invaded the eastern part of the island which supposedly belonged to Spain. If this were true, it would have been tantamount to Boyer declaring war on Spain. What sense would it have made for Boyer to fear war and buy peace with France while declaring war against Spain? The truth of the matter is that Haiti never attacked any Spanish owned territory. Boyer’s government became unpopular when it levied taxes on the island’s population to pay France, but it took a natural disaster to topple his government. In 1842, while the country was still under an American embargo, a powerful earthquake struck Haiti and crippled Boyer’s administration. The disarray empowered rebel groups throughout the island. An opposition group sprung in the south while in the east, a separatist movement led by Juan Pablo Duarte gained momentum and eventually led to the eastern side of the island declaring its independence in February 1844.President Tyler of the United States responded by saying that the United States, France, and Spain must quickly recognize this new nation in order to limit the influence of Black people in the Caribbean. The United States quickly recognized Dominican independence but waited 20 years later to recognize that of Haiti. With the eastern separatists backed by world super-powers, Haiti could no longer maintain the integrity of the island as one nation despite several subsequent efforts to reunify the island.Even years after the eastern side became the Dominican Republic, there was no defined border between the two countries. It was not until 1929, under US occupation that the border was created. The US occupation force was selected from the US south. The argument was that southern whites knew best how to control Negros. The border was drawn in a way that favored the lighter skinned Dominicans. Haiti was forced to overlook the 1795 Treaty of Basel that gave the entire island to France and return instead to the earlier 1697 Treaty of Ryswick which gave 2/3 of the island to Spain and 1/3 to France. That treaty predated and ignored the outcome of the Haitian Revolution.The history of how the island went from being one country to being two independent nations is reflected in Haiti’s Constitutions. Toussaint’s 1801 Constitution defined the entire island as one colony. From 1805 to 1849, all Haitian Constitutions refer to the country as the island of Haiti. Between 1867 and 1957, all Haitian Constitutions avoided the term island so as not to seem threatening to their new neighbor and refer to the country as the territory of Haiti without defining its boundaries. The first Constitution that acknowledges the existence of two countries on the island is the Constitution of 1987 which states that the country is bordered to the east by the Dominican Republic.The Dominican Republic is a country that sprung from Haiti. Today, Haitians and Dominicans who can trace their family’s history to the earliest days of the Dominican Republic will find that they have much in common. Indeed, the very founders of the Dominican Republic, among them, Duarte and Santana, were once Haitian citizens.
What did Haiti do that the Dominicans were angry during the 22 year occupation
-Took land from white landowners
However, the real resentment was that they were Black ex slaves bossing around their former master.
Haiti was doing well until France demanded they pay $21 billion dollars
At the time Haiti had been more economically and militarily powerful and had a population 8 to 10 times larger than the former Spanish colony, having been the richest colony in the western hemisphere before the Haitian Revolution. Dominican military officers agreed to merge the newly independent nation with Haiti, as they sought for political stability under the Haitian president Jean-Pierre Boyer, and were attracted to Haiti’s perceived wealth and power at the time. The Dominican Republic had no military force. Haiti, on the other hand, had formidable armed forces, both in skill and sheer size (for such a small land), that had been hardened for nearly 10 years of repelling French soldiers, local colonialists and military insurgents (lesser armed factions).
The Dominican Republic is one of the Few countries in the America’s that received its independence from a Non European country. Slavery was never big in the Dominican Republic.
The ethnic composition of the Dominican population is 73% Mixed, 16% white and 11% black. The reason why there is so many mixed race people is that slavery was not a big industry there so people relatively got along and intermixed at high rates, and the ones that did own slaves there were notorious for raping their slaves or having Black concubines. There is a recorded incident of a White Spaniard slave owner having over 90 Black concubines and 200 children from them. Slaves were only 10% of the population.
During colonial times Most whites in the DR were poor. Most whites in Haiti were rich.
The ethnic composition of Haiti is estimated to be 95% black, 5% white and mixed
The Dominican Republic has historically been more Whiter, but now that has declined, due to safety concerns
1790 (Haitian revolt White population was 32% )(48.5%)
1920:(American occupation White population was 24.9%)
1960: (End of Trujillo Era 16.1%)
2006 survey: (13.6%)
The Economy is mostly controlled By Whites. Since independence, most of the Dominican Republics Presidents have been White.
The Black people in The Dominican Republic are brainwashed not to only to not see themselves as Black, but to deny they have any Black blood at all. This started by Trujillo and continued on by Balaguer in order to kill any spirit of unity the Black people who make up 85-90% of the population would have there. The Dominican Republic is probably the most racist antiBlack Nation in the Western Hemisphere. http://www.americasquarterly.org/content/my-struggles-black-american-dominican-republic. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/03/05/dominican-republic-kkk_n_4904849.html
Afro-Dominicans (who make make up 90% of the population) have traditionally failed to flaunt their blackness as a collective
banner to advance economic, cultural, or political causes. Dominicans have, for the most part, denied their blackness. Faced with the population’s tolerance of official claims asserting the moral and intellectual superiority of Caucasians by white supremacist ideologues, analysts of racial identity in Dominican society have often imputed to Dominicans heavy doses of “backwardness,” “ignorance,”
or “confusion” regarding their race and ethnicity.
Dominicans Afro Descendants are very self hating. Nappy Hair is not just referred to as Nappy. It’s referred to as bad hair.
Do they look Indian?
Most Dominican Presidents have been White
90% of the economy is controlled by 25 White families. On average, only 45 cents of every dollar a tourist spends in a developing country remains in the local economy. Spanish hoteliers own many of the most popular Dominican chains. Still, about one of three Dominicans lives in poverty, according to World Bank statistics. The electricity cuts out daily and the country spends less of its gross domestic product on education than nearly any other Latin American country. Catholic Youth Ministry coordinator Luis Rosario said the country has more brothels than schools.
In the Dominican Republic it is pretty common for parents to ask, or more like order, their children to drop out of school and start working. n the DR, you’ll see kids repeating the same grade 2-3 times and by the time they’re 12-13 they’re still in fourth grade. The government knows this but there’s not only a shortage of teachers, as there are in many other countries, but there aren’t enough school buildings to teach students, and lets not talk about the very low standards students have to meet and the really poor training.
Moreover, the World Bank report points out that Dominican society suffers from much inequality, particularly in urban areas. The report paints a picture of a country in which the poor remain poor, trapped in their situation with little chance of escaping. Dominican society is highly unequal even in the context of the Latin American region, well-known for its gaping divisions; whilst over the decade an average of 41% of the overall population in Latin America and the Caribbean moved up to a higher income group, this figure was a mere 2% in the Dominican Republic.
The U.N. agency says half of Dominicans younger than 18 live in poverty, struggling to get enough food, access to safe drinking water and adequate housing. Only 30 percent of kids finish primary school and that only 18 percent finish secondary school on time. Those schools are in poor shape: Nearly half have no drinking water and nearly 60 percent have no toilets
Since the government does not provide more than 4 percent of GDP spending on education, only 30 percent of children finish primary school. In a system where education is the road to the middle class, creating economic barriers to education perpetuates a system of institutional inequality.Half of the country does not have access to clean water, and over half of the country does not have sanitary toilets. Healthcare is expensive and hard to find in rural areas.
The chose to say they are Native American or Indian because Africans were just slaves. And the Indians resisted the Spanish, even though it was the Black Africans on that island who fought of the French, Spanish, and British and liberated that island, not the Indians.
Dominican Republic wasn’t always self hating. Americans commenting on racial matters in the Dominican Republic at the time. One is the sense that “no austere prejudice against color prevails” in the country, as one author put it, or, in the words of another, that “distinction of color, in social life, is entirely unknown” (Santo Domingo, 1863: 10; Keim, 1870: 168).
Dominican “Hitler” Rafael Trujillo
PlátanoCurtain,” also crippled theDominican Republic socially. It created an absolute seclusion from the rest of the world. It was impossible to leave the countrywithout state permission. Trujillo had a way of debilitating any sense ofresistance. People were scared to cross him. If it was not the paranoia that he was alwayswatching that was stopping you, it was the fear of the inevitable fukú that would curseyou and your family for generations to come. By instilling fear in the Dominicans, he wasable to get what he wanted. He “killed whomever he wanted to kill, sons, brothers,fathers, mothers, took women away from their husbands on their weddings nights andthen brag publicly about the ‘great honeymoon’ he’d had the nightbefore.” He wasruthless. He didn’t care who he was hurting; he had supreme control.
“The face of evil” Joaqin Balaguer”
While the majority of Dominicans are of African descent, Balaguer argued that after the decimation of the island’s indigenous population the Dominican Republic was repopulated by white Spaniards. According to him, African characteristics in the Dominican population were a result of Haitian infiltration of the Dominican Republic. Because of his fear of racial “contamination”, Balaguer became increasingly concerned about Dominicans born to Haitian parents. In the 1970s he commissioned several investigations into the issue, and numerous government officials informed him that the government could not deport Dominican-Haitians, because, having been born in the Dominican Republic, they were constitutionally Dominican citizens. However, born on plantations far away from medical care, many never received official birth certificates.
“La Isla Al Reves”
The Dominican Version of Mein Kampf”
Most Dominicans will assure you that Haitians worship devils, and that they practice cannibalism.All will remark on their unperfumed body odor. The more refined Dominicans will express their pity for Haitians and say, alas, it is a shame they can not effectively govern themselves.The American and British expatriates I speak to tell me the same thing about Dominicans, who are largely African themselves.
How Racist Whites feel about Dominicans
“They are pretty trashy and will swear on their afros that they are not black, which is just sad. ”
“The Dominicans are descended from slaves. I’m not aware of anything they have to offer save for steroid using baseball players who beat their wives. I wouldn’t let one in my house”
“The paramount realization we all must come to regarding Dominicans and other Latin American breeds is that they characteristically behave in the same revolting way and yet under the pretense of having a class-ladder, as though one hispanic is superior to another hailing from a different Latin American country. Dominicans are simply negroes who speak spanish, which, as I’ve observed makes them that much more flagrant and enigmatic than the typical american negro. They can’t seem to decide which element of their descent is dominant, however, most seem more heavily influenced by African characteristics. One example is in their musical tastes, which revolve around the ideologically bankrupt “hip-hop culture”. They’re not to be trusted and with the influx of Dominican people, they equally pose a threat to the well-being of the future of decent white people in the U.S. We should not view them as any different, greater or less than the common negro.”
“I don’t consider drug dealers to be hard working, but to each their own.”
“Dominicans are nothing more than African savages with a spic’s attitude.”
Dominicans in Spain
70% of the more than 100,000 Dominicans that live in Spain are unemployed. the majority of the Dominicans in Spain work in the construction sector, or as maids.
Haitians are the cheapest labor force in the Americas, and one of the cheapest in the World. Many Haitians come to or trafficked to sugar plantations called Bateyes, where they make about $300 a year. The Dominican Republic is the largest exporter of sugar to the United States. There is a special agreement where the United States pays double the price for its Dominican sugar (Which the United States should boycott due to its treatment of Haitians). The Sugar Industry (100% Haitian), Hotel industry (50% Haitian) Banana Industry (40% Haitian), Construction Industry (85% Haitian) is dependent on cheap Haitian migrant labor.
Parts of the Dominican Republic with the highest percentage of Haitians
30,000 Haitians were killed by Dominicans in 1937 in 5 days. There is no memorial for the murder.In 2007, the Catholic Church requested a national apology from the Dominican Republic to Haiti. Cardinal Nicolas de Jesus Lopez Rodriguez, archbishop of Santo Domingo, refused to comply because he said the Haitian massacre occurred 70 years ago, and Trujillo was killed in 1961. Rodriguez said: “In this case it’s Trujillo who should be asked to render account, who was the criminal. It doesn’t seem to me that the Dominican people have any guilt in that, honestly. Meanwhile Many Dominicans fault Haitians for the Haitian occupation of the 1800’s.
Haitians get treated bad in Dominican society, from being called names in the street, to violence, one Haitian in Santo Domingo was beheaded in broad daylight amongst a cheering crowd.
Dominicans make about $6,000 a year and unemployment is 15%, Haitians make $800 a year and unemployment is 40-70%
The Dominican Republic is not perfect either, many tourists get robbed or killed in the DR, drug trafficking is a problem, prostitution is rampant, so is corruption, and power outages, Dominican Republic is the world’s sixth worse country in energy distribution and power lines losses, according to the World Bank study on World Development Indicators 2014, which evaluated 223 high, low and middle income countries, and AIDs is at 1%
Many Haitian Dominicans are trying to file for citizenship, but immigration officers have been threatened by Dominicans who don’t want them in their country. Also Haitians in the Dominican Republic don’t need their passport or visa on them, but they also need their birth certificate on them. Many Haitians still get deported even when they have all their proper papers.
Many Haitians have been victims of violence https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oGgGmjNJ-IE
Positive Note the Dominican Republic was the first to help Haiti in earthquake (This was mainly because they didn’t want a mass influx of Haitians coming into the country) . Haitians pay the same as Dominicans to go to University. Trujillo’s attempt to carry out mass deportations prior to the massacre failed because local communities opposed the illegal targeting of Haitian immigrants. Indeed, Haitians and Dominicans lived together all over the country, and were often openly hostile to attempts by the central government to intervene in their lives. Both countries had limited paved roads and communication infrastructure, and Haitian and Dominican peasants had more in common with each other than with a distant elite. Far from an expression of popular anti-Haitian sentiment, the Trujillo orchestrated massacre was an attempt to breakdown the long-standing connections between Haitians and Dominicans that limited his power over the country.
Famous Dark Skinned Black Dominicans outside of Sports and Music
Jose Francisco Pena Gomez – Former Presidential Canditate who almost Became President of the Dominican Republic. A three-time candidate for president of the Dominican Republic and former Mayor of Santo Domingo. He is considered as one of the most prominent Dominican political figures of the 20th century. Santo Domingo’s airport is named after him.
(Note: The Dominican Republic has already had dark skinned presidents like Ulises Heureaux, and Gregorio Luperon)
Johnny Ventura, former Mayor of Santo Domingo
Miss Dominican Republic 2013. Representer of Dominican Republic for Miss World Competition
Dominican Republic is modernizing. It is the fastest growing economy in Latin America. But has a 40% poverty rate
Where as Haiti is destitute and poor
What should be done
Black needs to be added as a category on the Census
Dominicans need to learn more about Africa and their African history and contributions.
Here are some resources on the website for them understand who they are
Read Black Americans who look like people of other races, Driving around Africa, What real Africa looks like
Dominican society needs more representative media
They also need to need to get rid of the racist psychos hatemongers, and irrational people in the media.
Haitians in Bateyes need to be treated better with better facilities
End US military assistance to Haiti http://www.antillean.org/why-i-want-to-end-us-military-aid-to-the-dominican-republic-319/
Dominicans need to change that law citizenship law and push the date to 2015
Haiti needs to develop but what is going to happen to the sugarcane, banana, and construction industry if Haitians leave those industries, that issue needs to develop.
Xenophobia Anunreasonablefearorhatredofforeignersorstrangersorofthatwhichisforeignorstrange. Afrophobia Fear, hate, or dislike of Black Africans and Black African descendant. Many people are debating whether to call the events of what is happening xenophobia or Afrophobia . However I decide to call it Afroxenophobia because it is both. It would not make sense to call it xenophobia because they are simply not attacking all foreigners, and it would not make sense to call it simply Afrophobia due to the fact they are themselves African.So it would make more sense to call it Afroxenophobia which is hatred or dislike of African foreigners. It is sad to note that the country with the highest dislike for African foreigners is in Black Africa itself. The violent incidences of Afroxenophobia far precedes anything that is happening in Russia， The Middle East, Israel,India, China, or elsewhere Here is why Afroxenophobia in South Africa is so stupid
1. They helped you during apartheid. The United States Uk France Switzerland did not initially go against apartheid In fact they labelled Mandela as a terrorist. It was other African countries that supported your leaders in exile and gave them money and support. Nigeria alone spent 61 billion dollars to fight apartheid.In Nigeria civil servants had to voluntarily donate 25% of their salaries to SA Relief Fund for
2. They are helping your economy. 50 percent of all employees in these African owned businesses are local South Africans.
3. Why cant you fight against the small minority who own 70 percent of the land
4. Digging a hole for yourself by cutting yourself from Africa and will result in less support in the future
5. Outside of Africa you are just seen as African and subject to racism as any other Africans
6. Immigrants make up only 10 percent nothing alarming
7. A place for wealthy African elites to travel. The tourism industry is going to be badly hit.
Both of my Grand Fathers were in the US Air Force. One actually flew fighter planes in the second world war against the german army, the Luftwaffe. He was BLACK. In my family there are 6 doctors, one Graduate from M.I.T, and a surgeon to top it off. We are fiercely proud of our achievement.
I lived in an all-Black American upper middle class neighborhood where my neighbors and friends were of similar pedigree. My neighborhood buddies and I all played the same games and acted the same way it was an all American upbringing. UNTIL a new family moved across the street into the new house in our modern upper crust subdivision. They were different, they had the same skin color as us but there accent wasn’t familiar. They were from a place called “Uganda “, they wore colorful patterns and the parents were extremely hospitable to the neighborhood.
This is where the “Miseducation of Black Americans” occurred for me and many of our people.
My first visual reference to “ Uganda “ came by the way of a Black wrestler in the World Wide Wrestling Federation known as the WWF by the name of Kamala. He was 6 feet 8 inches tall and weighed well over 450 pounds. He wore face paint and made grunt noises like he was an animal from the jungle. Never mind that his name was James Harris and was from Mississippi and was a black man. That was my first introduction to Uganda through a Black wrestler who pretended to be a savage African who also made a mockery of Africans and Ugandans in particular.
After watching “Kamala “grunt and make guttural noises and speak in a click language. As a Black American child we quickly disassociated ourselves with anything African. We attributed anything wild and savage with Africa and Ugandans to our new neighbors who were the total opposite of Kamala. BUT as a child who doesn’t have the maturity to understand the differences we placed our ignorance above their humanity. Names like “African Booty Scratcher”, “Dirty African”, “Child Soldier” and “Swamp Runner” were used to demean them.
My friends and I were the worst ambassadors to help bridge the gap between Black Americans and Africans in the diaspora. Even we (Black Americans) had to deal with the hostility directed at us through the majority white schools that we attended where we were made to feel inadequate and different. The negative energy we received from the teachers, the administrators and the principals manifested in our own self-hatred of being who we were, “Black Americans”. This type of negative energy drives some Black Americans to deny their very roots. “Why would I want to be Black? Everyone hates us”.
That type of thinking drove my friends and me to make fun of our African brothers and sisters in our neighborhood which caused many fist fights and causing our families to disassociate with each other. As we grew up we attended the same high schools where other Black Americans made fun of their clothing choices.
To my African brothers let me explain this, we (Black Americans) sometimes have a warped sense of thinking. We think if you’d wear expensive shoes like “Air Jordan’s” or purchase designer clothing like “POLO” that then we’d be accepted, and it would protect us from ridicule. We were made to feel intellectually inferior in school so the only avenue for feeling better about ourselves were clothing.
As we made our way through high school I watched them (Ugandans) achieve academic brilliance while everyone else continued to dress well. Their clothing choices were not the best quality but their academic achievements soared, they were proud of it despite their cousins (Black Americans) making fun of them. It became a grudgingly respect in our neighborhood between their families and the Black Americans. I don’t know what happened to my Ugandan neighbors, I wish they could know me now as an adult because I am conscious about my roots.
Sadly many Black Americans and Africans can never get over this dispute between distant cousins. A lot harbor these feelings into adulthood. Fortunately my thinking of my African roots became more profound when my mother uncovered my family history. She mapped the first person in our family to wash ashore to America in the early 1800’s. That was where my Ancestral history stopped, we didn’t know his African name but he was a male at the age of 28. That was my confirmation, it showed me that over 200 years ago someone from a West African tribe was my forefather. At that point the images of Africa as a desolate, starving, war mongering and inhabitable place ceased to exist. I wanted to know more about what my family lost and how it can be regained. Luckily we took a DNA test and found out that my family is “Nigerian “. It may be just on a piece of paper but my life has a point of origin.
I really wish I could apologize for my ignorant statements towards my neighbors and other Africans I offended. Refusing to acknowledge your Blackness or African roots is a way of self-hatred that many Black Americans unknowingly participate in.
My friends who were with me as we said horrible things to our Ugandan brothers and sisters acknowledged their stupidity. When you don’t know your history or your family, ignorance is your best ally. I can now claim that I am no longer ignorant, my cloak has been lifted. I was a son of slaves who built America, I am a Black American, an African and now I am Nigerian and I will never be embarrassed to admit it. I just wish I could find my ex neighbor to apologize.
Roel van der Veen, for Addis Standard Development in the non-Western world In the 1870s Japanese public intellectual Yukichi Fukuzawa shocked his audience by stating that he thought Japan should leave poor Asia and join the modern world. Japan in those days was going through a phase of rapid change, which would eventually lead to Japan becoming a modern nation and the leading nation in Asia. Yukichi Fukuzawa, who founded a university and Japan’s first daily newspaper, travelled extensively in America and Europe, and his books about the development of the West became bestsellers in Japan. The provocative, brave ideas of Yukichi Fukuzawa angered many Japanese, but more important, inspired millions of his countrymen to support Japan’s modernization effort, thereby improving people’s lives. How does this story of 150 years ago in a very different part in the world, connect to Ethiopia and Africa?
Over the last decade, several African countries have made impressive progress in growing their economies and to some extent, reducing the poverty of their populations. Ethiopia has been one of them. Economic growth has in some years reached ten percent, and poverty has been reduced from about 70 percent of the population at the beginning of the 1980s to about 35 percent now, all in the context of a rapidly growing population. After centuries of limited wealth for only a small elite amidst mass poverty, should this improvement come as a surprise? Not really. I’ll explain.
For years scholars and politicians have thought that poor countries could not become richer because the rich countries kept them down. However, the rise of the poor countries in Asia over the last half a century, has falsified this theory. Many Asian countries have reached high or middle-income status, thereby joining, each in their own way, the modern world. How was this possible? Why did countries in Asia become substantially richer, whereas countries in Africa did not? The Tracking Development research project
Dutch development co-operation sponsored a big international research project called ‘Tracking Development’, involving several African and Asian scholars to find out what governments in Asia had done to make their countries richer, and why governments in Africa had not done the same thing. In the project countries in South East Asia were compared with countries in Sub Saharan Africa, countries that were similar in many aspects, but differed in one crucial aspect: the Asian country became substantially richer, whereas the African county did not. Take the Indonesia – Nigeria comparison. Both countries are very big (by far the biggest in their regions), have a colonial past (with subsequent new state structures), have large natural resources (especially oil), are very corrupt, have very poor governance, have a large Islamic population, ethnic diversity, strong and politically active military, et cetera. But Indonesia became richer, whereas Nigeria did not. Why?
After several years of hard work and many lively discussions, the project came up with answers, some of them quite surprising (also to me, I must admit). The main thesis of the project, well explained by the project’s main researcher prof. David Henley from Leiden University (in his book Asia – Africa development divergence, Zed Books, London, 2015), is that countries will have their economic take-offs when three policy results have been achieved simultaneously. First, a government should provide macro-economic stability (so no high inflation, a balanced budget and the real value of the currency).Second, it should provide economic freedom for its farmers and small entrepreneurs (to sell their products at a market to whomever they like). And finally, and this was the big surprise to me, they should spend massively, and be pro-poor, in agriculture, to vitalize the economy of the countryside (for better seeds, training for farmers, fertilizer, small roads to connect to markets et cetera). More home grown food will feed the nation better, will save money (because no food has to be imported, it might at some stage even be exported), it will raise the incomes in the countryside, lower food prices in the cities (thereby making the population more competitive at the later stage of industrialization) and will set the stage for the first stage of industrialization, which almost always consist of food-processing. The main lesson is thus: agricultural development comes before industrialization.
So we know what South East Asian governments achieved, but how did they do it? How could they implement these policies with the poor and ineffective states of that time? In other words: what was the governance involved? David Henley gives straight answers to this important question by identifying three principles of the successful development strategies. It is amazing how much these principles differ from the principles of what we donors call ‘good governance’. First: outreach (or quantity, not quality). You have to reach the millions of poor people if you want to have an impact on poverty. Here we see the link with agriculture. The only way to really reduce poverty is to go were the poor masses live, which is in the countryside. Second: urgency (or priorities, not plans). Go for the few things that really need to be done, and use all capacity available to achieve it. Forget about the nice elaborated plans with their tens of objectives, drawn up by experts, because these objectives will never be achieved that way. And thirdly: expediency (or results, not rules). In a way it doesn’t matter how you do it (by breaking the rules or not), as long as you achieve the desired results.
But why did governments in South East Asia do this, and African governments not? In my personal view the answer lies in something quite simple: the number of people. At the time nations in South East Asia had their take-offs, the countryside was densely populated, mainly with poor peasants, who tended to go communist (it was the time of the Cold War). So it was really out of their own self-interest that governments decided to improve the lives of these poor people, so that they would become less angry towards the authorities. For the politicians it was purely done out of self-interest, it was the life insurance of the regime. In the same decades in Africa such forces did not exist, because the countryside was only sparsely populated. Politically speaking in Africa it would have been irrational to waste substantial money on the farmers. It made more sense to keep the jobless youth in the cities quiet by providing jobs in industry. This political rationality had the unfortunate, even tragic, consequence that no take-off followed, because (as we now know) starting with industrialization is starting at the wrong end.
Can Africa learn from the lessons of South East Asia? I don’t think there are blue prints of development. Even in South East Asia itself there are exceptions. Take Singapore, which does not even have a countryside. But the experience of that Asian region at least suggests which paths to development might be successful. And as David Henley always underlines: why not try? Because over the decades, with extremely fast population growth in Africa, the African countryside is beginning to look like the South East Asian countryside of fifty years ago. Political rationality is therefore changing in the right direction. Surely it is no co-incidence that countries with the most densely populated countryside, like Ethiopia and Rwanda, have the best developmental policies.
So does Ethiopia do the right things?
Looking at the statistics concerning growth and poverty reduction, the answer is simple: certainly, yes. The government was able to keep the macro-economic situation stable at sound levels and it has invested massively in the countryside. On economic freedom it could do better, but apparently this is not very harmful to the overall picture. Must we therefore applaud the Ethiopian government for its policy choices? Of course we must, but we need to be a bit nuanced here, because policy choices don’t fall from the sky just like that. There are good reasons why politicians make their choices – in a way they are forced to do so by the political forces working on them, although we like to think they have the freedom to make their choices.
Understanding the findings of the ‘Tracking Development’ project, we could more or less predict this would happen. The forces that are increasingly working on the Ethiopian government are the same forces that made the successful development policies of president Soeharto of Indonesia appear fifty years ago: a more densely populated countryside, with a majority of poor and potentially hostile peasants, who could make life very difficult for the government if their situation would not improve. So it is one of those rare occasions when the self-interest of the government (to politically survive) aligns with the self-interest of the majority of the people (to get a better life).This is the moment that policies can be implemented to start sustained development.
But right now we cannot say for sure if the take-off has already taken place. It might be, but it is simply too early to tell. There are always dangers that can still cause havoc to a promising start. To mention some for Ethiopia: the country is a haven of stability in a very unstable region, but this stability could easily be threatened by becoming involved in the violence from abroad or by unduly efforts to liberalize the Ethiopian state. Another risk is that the government, under pressure from all kinds of advisors and city-dwellers, will decide to try to industrialize, at the expense of agriculture. In Africa there is always this pressure, but it should be ignored as long as possible. To industrialize too early has the danger to ruin the current development project. The country should stay on the current development course for at least several more years.
This should not be too difficult. Africans have a tendency to blame the international environment for their hardships (often rightly so), but this does not hold for the future. In fact, the international environment is very promising for a country like Ethiopia. Especially for Ethiopia, I would say. Being stable in an unstable region, the country receives a lot of foreign aid to retain its stability. In return, it does not have to follow orders from anybody, because in nowadays multipolar world, it can choose its own partners – the West is no longer dominant. And with the growing world population, there will be a huge market for Ethiopian agricultural products in the years ahead. It looks all very favorable for sustained development in Ethiopia.
I always found the statement by Yukichi Fukuzawa, that Japan should leave poor Asia, intriguing. It signaled the birth of a new era not only for Japan, but in the end for all of Asia. Japan led the way, because after some time it was followed by its former colonies Taiwan and South Korea, which were then followed by Hong Kong and Singapore, et cetera. One after the other had its take-off, to fly following the ones in front. Observers recognized the pattern of flying geese in the air, in their peculiar v-formation, and called this pattern of development the flying geese model. So the thing is that as a country you can indeed leave a poor region, but that at some point your example will be followed by others, who will try to leave too. In the end, the whole region will have moved, from poverty to better lives.
Such a thing is about to happen for Africa as well. Ethiopia can leave Africa, but it will discover its example will be copied, and Africa will come after her, joining her as part of a materially richer world. So maybe we should speak of ‘leading’ instead of ‘leaving’. The difference is just one letter, and the difference in significance is indeed also very small. At the moment there are just a few candidates to become the first goose to lead the group, among them Rwanda (using a similar model as Ethiopia) and Ghana (using a more liberal model). The jury is still out which country will be the first to leave poverty and lead Africa in development.
Ed’s Note: Roel van der Veen is professor of International Relations at the University of Amsterdam. He wrote books on the development of Africa and Asia. He is also the Academic Advisor of the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He presented this lecture at UN ECA in Addis Ababa on April 22, 2015.