Top HBCU’s in America

Rising from an historic environment of legal segregation, Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) were established prior to 1964 with the intention of offering accredited, high-quality education to African American students across the United States. These schools do, however, admit students of all races. As of January 2016, students can choose from 100 HBCUs across America, including public and private schools, 2-year and 4-year schools, and professional schools.

The best historically black colleges for 2016 were determined by considering each school’s academic standards, affordability, outcomes, and student support. The following school profiles explore the legacies, present successes and ongoing initiatives of each institution.

 

 

 

  1. Howard University  Washington,D.C   $586 104,000 Endowment

 

$23,970 (2015-16)
Enrollment:
7,013

 

Howard University counts each of its distinguished faculty among its on-campus population of the largest concentration of black scholars anywhere in the world. Here, 93% of students are African-American. Introductory Afro-American studies courses are required in all undergraduate curriculum, whether pursuing a traditional major or as part of the school’s renowned Afro-American and African studies program. The university founded Omega Psi Phi and Phi Beta Sigma, two of the nation’s leading black fraternities; the campus is also home to Howard University TV, the first African-American owned public TV station in the U.S.

  • Howard’s MBA program was recently named the “greatest opportunity for minority students” by Princeton Review
  • The school has awarded more than 100,000 degrees since 1867

Alumni –

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Howard_University_people

2. Spelman College   Atlanta, Georgia

 

Tuition and fees:
$26,388 (2015-16)
Enrollment:2,135

Spelman is the nation’s oldest historically black college for women, transforming into a leader among educational institutions for women since starting out as a Baptist female seminary in 1881. Today, Spelman offers a variety of majors to its enrollment of more than 2,100 students; popular topics include biological and biomedical sciences, English, physical science, psychology and social sciences. The college is home to more than 70 student organizationscentered on academic achievement, personal enrichment opportunities and Greek life, including historically black sororities Alpha Kappa Alpha and Delta Sigma Theta.

QUICK FACTS

  • The college reports a 76% graduation rate average over the past six years
  • Spelman offers 27 available majors

 

 

3. Morehouse University   Atlanta, Georgia

Founded in 1867, Morehouse College, a private liberal arts institution for men, has traditionally graduated more black men than any other school. Morehouse promotes leadership and service through three primary program areas: business administration and economics; humanities and social sciences; and science and mathematics. Visionaries Martin Luther King Jr. and Spike Lee are among the many notable Morehouse alumni. The mission of Morehouse includes adopting the unique responsibility of educating students about black history and culture through special programs and scholarship opportunities, including the Rugari Scholarship Program, which provides full tuition to five students from the African Great Lakes Region.

QUICK FACTS

  • Morehouse celebrates its 150th anniversary in 2017
  • Students at Morehouse represent more than 40 states and 14 countries

 

4. Hampton University  Hampton, Virginia

 

Hampton has earned an esteemed reputation among top HBCUs for its commitment to both African-American education and the multicultural community. The Hampton campus is the historical site of the majestic Emancipation Oak, under which classes for freed men and women were held between 1861 and 1863; the tree was also the setting for the first Southern reading of Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation. On campus today, 90% of current enrollment is African-American. Among Hampton’s many unique attributes is the establishment of theSkin of Color Research Institute for research and treatment of skin diseases afflicting people of color.

QUICK FACTS

  • Programs at Hampton are designed to promote progressive education
  • The School of Business was named the best department in the nation in 2005 by the National Urban Leagues’ Black Executive Exchange Program

 

5. North Carolina AT and T University    Greensboro, North Carolina

 

North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University leads the nation among engineering- and agriculture degree-granting institutions for African-Americans. Founded in 1891 as a land-grant institute, NC A&T was at the core of the Civil Rights movement of the 1960s. Esteemed alumni include The Greensboro Four, who staged the nation’s first sit-in, and activist Rev. Jesse Jackson Sr. Historically black fraternities and sororities, including Alpha Phi Alpha and Alpha Kappa Alpha, are among the popular Greek life options on campus; students also participate in large numbers in the NCAA Division I Aggies team and the Blue and Gold Marching Machine.

QUICK FACTS

  • Home to enrollment of more than 10,000 and more than 2,000 employees
  • NC A&T is classified by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching as a doctoral/research university

6. Xavier University     New Orleans

Although Xavier was originally founded in 1915 as a high school for African Americans and Native Americans, the school added a four-year university in 1925. Today, Xavier continues its universal mission of promoting leadership- and service-based education initiatives. Current enrollment totals roughly 3,100 students, 73% of which are black and 27% are Catholic. All undergraduates study core topics that include 66 combined credits in African-American studies, natural sciences and theology. According to the U.S. Department of Education, Xavier is first in the nation in terms of producing African-American graduates with dual undergraduate degrees in biological/life sciences and the physical sciences.

QUICK FACTS

  • One of only two pharmacy schools in Louisiana; among the top three producers of Doctor of Pharmacy degrees to African-Americans in the nation
  • Xavier is awarded 522 degrees in 2013

 

7. Tuskegee University       Tuskeegee, Alabama

A premiere science and engineering university known for facilitating groundbreaking research, Tuskegee University has built a reputation as one of the top producers of African-American aerospace science engineers in the U.S. Tuskegee’s is the only campus in the U.S. to be declared a National Historic Site by the U.S. Congress since it was founded by Booker T. Washington in 1881. The university’s roughly 3,000 students are active in a variety of student organizations on campus, including the Marching Crimson Piper Band, the National Society of Black Engineers and college chapter of the NAACP.

QUICK FACTS

  • The only HBCU with a fully accredited College of Veterinary Medicine and doctorate offered; Tuskegee produces over 75% of worldwide African-American veterinarians
  • The nursing baccalaureate program was first in Alabama and one of the oldest in the U.S.

 

8. Fisk University Nashville

Fisk University is a private institution that was founded in 1866. The school has 71.1 percent of its classes with fewer than 20 students, and the student-faculty ratio at Fisk University is 13:1.

9. Florida A and M University  Tallahassee

 

Florida A&M was originally called the State Normal College for Colored Students when it was founded in 1887; the name of this land-grant university and research institution has changed, but its commitment to African-American education has remained. FAMU’s student population of more than 11,000 is 90% Afro-American, hailing from over 70 countries including Egypt, Trinidad, the Bahamas, Jamaica and Brazil. Among numerous efforts to sustain and strengthen the local economy in Florida through the school’s Center for Plasma Science and Technology (CePaST) and Sustainability Institute, part of FAMU’s strategic plan includes aspirations to increase African-American student involvement in STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) programs.

QUICK FACTS

  • FAMU offers 54 bachelor’s degrees, 29 master’s degrees, three professional degrees and 12 doctoral programs
  • Most popular undergraduate programs at FAMU are business administration, biology, criminal justice and allied health

10. Clark Atlanta University   Atlanta

 

 

Established in 1988, Clark Atlanta is a private, not-for-profit university affiliated with the United Methodist Church. Programs in 38 unique subjects are offered through four primary schools: Arts and Sciences; Business Administration; Education; and Social Work. In its short history, Clark Atlanta has secured numerous points of pride among its HBCU counterparts, including its designation as one of the largest institutions in the United Negro College Fund and the only university in the Atlanta University Center, a consortium of 8,000 primarily African-American scholars.

QUICK FACTS

  • Clark Atlanta’s enrollment totals 3,485; 74% is female and 26% is male
  • 81% of the school’s faculty have terminal degrees
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Biggest Donation to Colleges

  1. John Paulson donated $400 million to Harvard to support its engineering school, according to a university press release.

John A. Paulson – Harvard University

John A. PaulsonOne of Harvard’s billionaires made the largest donation the university has ever received. In June 2015, John A. Paulson, founder of the Paulson & Co. hedge fund group, gave a $400 million endowment for the School of Engineering and Applied Science. The gift supports research, faculty, and financial aid and scholarships for the rising number of engineering and computer science majors. Mr. Paulson received his MBA from Harvard in 1980.

There is no question that the support and education I received at Harvard was critical in helping me achieve success in my career. Now I feel it is important for me to do something impactful and meaningful for Harvard.

Total lifetime giving to the school: $400 million
Percentage of net worth: 3.5%

2. Phil Knight – Stanford University

Knight has donated $400 million to the school for a new graduate-level leadership program.

3. Gerald and Ronnie Chan – Harvard University

Gerald and Ronnie ChanThe Chans are brothers and business partners who worked with their father on Hang Lung Group, which made a name for itself with residential complexes along the Shanghai’s Mass Transit Railway lines. The Hong Kong–based family founded the venture-capital firm, Morningside Group. Gerald Chan earned a master’s degree from Harvard in medical radiological physics in 1975 and went back to Harvard for his doctorate in radiation biology (1979). Fittingly, the Chans’ recent gift to Harvard finances projects at the Harvard School for Public Health. To date, the gift from the Chans and their Morningside Foundation is the second-largest gift to Harvard on record.

Total lifetime giving to the school: $350 million

4. Patrick J. and Lore Harp McGovern – Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Patrick and Lore McgovernThe founder of IDG—publisher of Computerworld, Industry Standard, and PC World—graduated from MIT (no surprise there). While at the school, Patrick J. McGovern (’59) majored in life sciences, concentrating in neurophysiology with courses in computer science to satisfy his lifelong curiosity about the brain’s influence on human behavior. Accordingly, he and his wife are dedicated to helping fund brain research. He reflected on his time at MIT during an interview with a school reporter and said this:

I was thrilled to study the physical basis of consciousness. Now, the development of powerful new tools such as whole brain imaging allows researchers to address the daunting complexity of the mammalian brain and to begin to understand the biological basis for human thought, language and behavior.

Total lifetime giving to the school: $350 million
Percentage of net worth: 5.3%

4. Robert A. Day – Claremont McKenna College

Claremont McKenna College was able to create its first graduate program thanks to the gift of Robert Day (’65), the founder and chair of Trust Co. of the West (an investment management firm). Day’s gift of $200 million in cash and securities establishes a new master’s degree in finance and to fund scholarships for undergraduates who show leadership potential. Mr. Day attributes much of his business success to the education he received as a Claremont McKenna student. Day told the LA Times that the goal of his gift is to

 

. . . create a cadre of young people who show leadership and who have judgement, which is the hardest thing to find….I’ve been very successful and want to put it back in the system.

 

 

Total lifetime giving to the school: $200 million
Percentage of net worth: 12.5%

5. Edward P. Bass – Yale University

While his most recent gift to Yale University was a $60 million fund to renovate and build science facilities, Mr. Bass has long supported his alma materfinancially. Bass graduated from Yale in 1968 with a bachelor’s in administrative science, and he is now the chair of Fine Line, an investment and venture-capital management firm in Fort Worth, Texas. It was noted that, during a press conference for Sundance Square, he once said,

Wealth is not, you know, a matter of money. It is a matter of being able to forwardly organize our lives in a positive way.

Total lifetime giving to the school: $200 million
Percentage of net worth: 10.2%

6. Kenneth Langone – New York University

Ken LangoneThe founder of Home Depot, Kenneth Langone is a billionaire with an inspiring “rags-to-riches” kind of story. He attended classes at NYU four nights a week for his MBA and has stated that he received the proper fundamentals for his profession from NYU. Langone believes strongly in the value of getting an MBA at night. He has given money to endow a part-time evening MBA program for the Stern business school at NYU, and donated $100 million to the NYU Medical Center (which now bears his name) in 2008.

Total lifetime giving to the school: $200 million
Percentage of net worth: 7.1%

 

Terrence M. and Kim Pegula – Pennsylvania State University

Terrence and Kim PegulaThe founder and former CEO of a small but highly successful oil and natural gas exploration company, Terrence Pegula is not just a die-hard Penn State fan: he is also a member of the class of 1973. Pegula expressed his gratitude and love for hisalma mater by presenting the university with $88 million to create a new sports arena and to establish a NCAA Division I men’s and women’s ice hockey program. As the Pegulas told the Penn State university press,

We want to share our success with the people of Pennsylvania and with the very institution that helped me obtain the tools to launch my career in the oil and natural gas industry. We will now see through the hard work of the Penn State family that our passion will be shared with the families and communities of the region surrounding Penn State. We expect that Penn State will become a destination, not just for top college players and coaches, but also for the growing base of hockey fans from across the Commonwealth and the country.

Total lifetime giving to the school: $88 million
Percentage of net worth: 2.2%

 

 

 

Billionaire Rap Mogul Dr. Dre _0_ Random White Bigot _1_

 

“The guy who claimed Dr. Dre threatened him with a gun in Malibu on Mondaymissed a few beats in his description of the incident, prosecutors said.

The Los Angeles County District Attorney said that holes in the man’s story – coupled with the fact Dre had no firearm when searched – led them to reject the man’s attempt to bring a criminal case.

“Victim initially said he was only angry and not in fear,” the DA’s charge evaluation worksheet signed on Wednesday said.

“There were discrepancies between victim’s description of suspect’s clothing and vehicle and suspect’s actual clothing and vehicle,” the paperwork obtained by the Daily News said.

Dr. Dre put in handcuffs following road rage clash outside home

The worksheet confirmed that the incident started Monday when the unidentified motorist blocked the entrance to the rapper’s driveway.

A source close to the producer-turned-headphones heavyweight previously told The News that the motorist “was pretty crazy from the get go,” apparently suffering from a road rage attack when Dre arrived at his property and asked him to move.

“I’m trying to get out of the f—— traffic,” the man allegedly yelled at Dre, according to the source.

“Uh, this is my driveway, I don’t know what you’re yelling at me for,” Dre allegedly responded as the motorist continued to shout obscenities, the source said.

The man moved his vehicle but remained in the immediate area and was “cursing” at Dre until the rap pioneer reached for his cellphone to record the bizarre encounter, the source said.

“Oh great, another black guy with a gun,” said the man, who appeared to be white with a handlebar moustache, the source told The News.

“What are you talking about? I’m getting my phone,” Dre allegedly said, according to the source.

Cops said Monday that they responded to Dre’s address at 11:15 a.m. after a motorist claimed a male at the residence “ordered him to leave and produced a handgun.”

Dre was patted down and cuffed by Los Angeles officers last week in the high-profile incident.

Dre was patted down and cuffed by Los Angeles officers last week in the high-profile incident.

(COURTESY OF TMZ)

The Los Angeles County Sheriff named Dre as the resident and said that due to the nature of the call, he was searched, handcuffed and briefly detained in a patrol car while deputies investigated the incident.

They said Dre, whose real name is Andre Young, “was cooperative with investigating deputies, consented to a search of his person and denied the allegations regarding the handgun.”

Dre told investigators that when the motorist first moved to let him into his driveway, he parked in the center median in front of his residence, cops said.

It was while the man was at the center median that Dre pulled out his cell phone to begin filming, he told cops.

The deputies found no weapon at the scene and Dre was not arrested. But because the motorist initiated a private person’s arrest, Dre received a citation in the field.

A sheriff’s spokeswoman said she couldn’t name the man because he was protected as the alleged victim.

The source close to Dre said Monday that the millionaire businessman had no immediate plans to seek legal recourse or make anything more out of the incident.

“The good news is no one really believed it and everyone can move on with their lives. And he’s lucky for that,” the source said.

Dre, 51, stormed the rap scene with the groundbreaking group NWA and hits as “Straight Outta Compton” before taking off on a successful solo career.

He was touted at the rap industry’s first billionaire when his Beats by Dre line of headphones was sold to Apple in 2012 for $3 billion, netting him $620 million.”

 

So in other words you trespass on another man’s property and you make false allegations against him. But he is not going to jail.

Interesting Quotes from everyday people

He got his “Nicca Moment” he donated money to a predominantly white college, where was the white community back in them N.W.A days? Only black people bought your stinking music. Married some pasty looking white bytch who’s weaker then milk and oats

http://articles.latimes.com/2013/may/21/opinion/la-oe-kimbrough-usc-dre-20130521

 

Countries that Successfully fought of Western imperialism or avoided it

Countries that fought it off.

  1. Japan

Japan was one of the only Asian countries to escape Western colonization, becoming a colonizing power itself in the region. As the country fought against foreign influence and intrusion, only the Dutch and Chinese managed to set up trading ports in Japan, despite the efforts of other nations. Japan, for its part, set up spheres of influence in the surrounding islands, as well as in Korea, Taiwan, and South Sakhalin. –

2. Nepal
Since Nepal was united by King Prithvi Narayan Shah in 1744 C.E., it has existed as a sovereign nation. While it was briefly a protectorate of Great Britain, it was never a British colony, even fighting a war and ceding a third of its territory to ensure its continued autonomy from the empire. It is thought that Nepal’s isolated geographical position high in the Himalayas helped it withstand colonial rule, though it is agreed that both India and China exerted some influence in the region.

3. Afghanistan

Eastern Afghanistan and western Pakistan, the region in which Pathans have traditionally lived in is the gateway to India. All the invaders (Alexander, Mongols, Turks, etc.) used the numerous passes in the mountains lining the Durrand Line to attack India. This automatically put Pathans in a continuously hostile environment which in my opinion developed their warfare skills. Their cultural code of Pashtunwali (which predates Islam) requires Pathans to be brave, outspoken and strong.
1. Landscape: Pashtuns or Pathans (Pathan is a subcontinent nomenclature for Pashtuns) have been living in remote, rigid, and harsh terrains since thousands of years. These merciless environments invariably have affected their genome over time and is also an indicator of the nurturing habitats that the kids are raised in. For survival, confident and brave attitudes are naturally and culturally preferred, while bashful attitudes are weeded out. Hence, a less-dynamic yet overarching trait of adamancy surfaces in Pashtuns. Mind you, this trait does lead to rash decision-making skills, yet it is a survival skill honed for centuries.

2. Nomadic Nature: Essentially, the areas where Pashtuns have resided since centuries have been highly inaccessible. So, although it was part of the silk route, only those who werebrave enough were able to and chose to stay there. Yet, this residency was not tied down with agriculture since very little land is actually arable hence promoting a nomadic lifestyle. Pashtuns over time found a perfect balance and adequate survival skills (such as laandi–beef jerky–a common meat dehydration process… really tasty btw!)

3. Inter-tribal, inter-ethnic, and international conflicts: Pashtuns are known for not backing out with an aggressive attitude. This valorous doggedness has made Pashtuns belligerents in numerous wars and conflicts throughout history, from inter-tribal wars since medieval times and the renaissance period, to various dynasties that gathered several ethnicities under a centralized government, which lead to the creation of Afghanistan.(Pashtuns currently residing in Pakistan were part of Afghanistan until 1893, when the British decided to mess it up by dividing the Pashtuns in half. but that’s a story for another day) Pashtuns have also been heavily involved in international wars with the British, the Soviets, and so many more. I’ll cut it short here by saying, Pashtuns have been at war for a huge portion of history. A common knowledge to the people of that region is that Pashtuns have never been conquered in history. Although, I feel it is important to add here that Pashtuns do not fight just for the sake of fighting or capitalizing on resource gains, but rather fight to defend. I’ll add more of this in the next point.

4. Pashtunwali: In layman terms, Pashtunwali is a way of life. A sacred way of life. It is the thread that holds all Pashtuns together. It’s conception predates the Islamic era and most Pashtuns tout their pride of being born a Pashtun and then as a Muslim. The central idea here is that: A Pashtun has to abide by Pashtunwali code of life. Several of key Pashtunwali traits that add to Pashtunwali are:

1.Turah (Bravery). This couldn’t be anymore straightforward. Bravery is embedded into our code of life!
2. Ghayrat (Courage) Preserving pride, honor, and respect is a core principle. Failure to adhere to this principle leads to ostracism from the tribe.

The above two principles come in direct contact with bravery, while the rest of the principles relate in some way to bravery. Also, from the third main point about being belligerents in numerous wars, I’d like to add the following: Pashtuns are known for their gentle and welcoming hearts. Pashtuns innately want peace and harmony and will defend their rights till death. A persevering attitude does not equate to violent intent but rather a Pashtun way of attaining peace. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, a major proponent of peace and one of Gandhi’s closest friends (some say he was his study buddy and shared reading glasses) has been largely ignored by historians. Khan, also known as Fakhr-e-Afghan or the Afghan pride, was imprisoned and persecuted in Pakistan by the Pakistani government. In essence, the Pathans or Pashtun are brave people as a nation due to various reasons, and I think that on the individual intimate level it boils down to personalities rather more.

4. Bhutan
Bhutan is one of the few countries that has indisputably maintained complete sovereignty throughout history, even before its official consolidation as a nation state in 1616. Though it did have to fight several wars against the British during the 18th and 19th centuries, subsequently losing bits of its territory and political influence outside of its borders, Bhutan remained entirely autonomous throughout the colonial period

5. Iran
Iran suffered during the 1800s as the Russians and British fought to build their empires in the Middle East, but was never subjugated to colonization in any official sense. The country did lose some of its territory during the Russo-Persian and Anglo-Persian Wars, and was briefly occupied by the Russians in 1911 and the British during World War I, but was still considered an autonomous state throughout history

6. Ethiopia
Apart from a five-year period when Ethiopia fell to Mussolini’s New Roman Empire, Ethiopia has maintained its autonomy throughout history. The Italians were ejected by the British in 1941, and Ethiopia regained its full independent status in 1944, but had existed independently way before then. Even during the Italian occupation from 1936 to 1941, Mussolini’s troops were under constant attack from Ethiopian guerrilla troops and Italy never maintained full order in the country.

7. Vietnam

Vietnam Fought off China, Japan, France, America and chased the Khmer Rouge out of Cambodia

 

Countries that were ignored by Western Imperialists

 

8. Tonga
In 1900, Tonga became a protected state under the Treaty of Friendship with Britain, setting up a British Consul in the state until 1970, but no higher permanent representative was permitted. The indigenous monarchy of Tonga has been maintained until the present day, and has enjoyed an uninterrupted succession of hereditary rulers from the same family since its inception.

Countries that were ignored but were colonized by non Western Powers

9. Korea
Back when Korea existed as one nation state, it resisted colonial rule from Western powers. It is somewhat difficult to consider Korea wholly independent throughout history, however, as it was under Japanese rule for more than 30 years until independence in 1945 during World War II. But in the lens of resisting Western colonization, Korea is said to have maintained its independence from European rule throughout history

10. Thailand

 

Thailand is well aware of its unique heritage that does not include a colonial legacy, and often uses the phrase “land of the freedom” to express pride in the fact that it has remained Thai-dominated since the first millennia B.C. Despite immense pressure from European powers, Thailand escaped colonial rule by maintaining strong rulers and exploiting the tension between colonizing powers – namely France and Great Britain – which had spheres of influence across neighboring countries in Asia

11. Dominican Republic

Received independence from Haiti

Neutralized 

12. Paraguay

One remarkable trace of the indigenous Guaraní culture that has endured in Paraguay is the Guaraní language which is generally understood by 95% of the population. Additionally, Spanish is understood by about 90 percent of the population, which alongside Guaraní is an official language

 

Apartheid without the Publicity

Countries that practice something akin to what South Africa did, but do not get blamed or punished for it.

Cali Colombia

White Latin Americans, the world’s most sophisticated racists?

“If they didn’t have racism they would be dirt poor, that’s how they make their money.  They have no skills, they can’t compete with people like the Japanese.”

This culture has stagnated in apathy and produced virtually nothing in the last 400 years.The contribution of this culture to civilization in terms of literature, art, music, philosophy, science, etc. has been practically nothing. Portugal today is the most backwards country in Western Europe.Portugal is a forgotten land – bypassed by the tourists and shunned by the scholars. It is a sad country, known mainly for its plaintive, mournful fado music – nostalgic music that looks to the past and sees no future. Spain is the second most.

“They do not make the mistake the Afrikaners made, of trying to systematise and codify repression — or even to justify it. They will shake their heads sadly and remark that, unfortunately, thecampesinos (salt of the earth, of course) are not up to things like government, or management, or flying aeroplanes or running big business. Indeed, education itself is wasted on most of them.”

No law stops you rising as a South American Indian: only the softly suffocating disregard that those with power will feel toward you. So much less public money has been spent on your education (if you went to secondary school at all); and few would take you seriously even if you did try hard at school.

Why has the rest of the world, which has typically backpacked around the Andes during its gap year, never really woken up to the continent’s secret: the silent, informal apartheid of South America? I think it may be partly because we think of the continent’s nations as having liberated themselves from their greedy and brutal colonial oppressors in Europe. We remember that the liberation struggle was against whites, but forget that it was by whites.  it remains true that Bolívar was essentially the Ian Smith of South America, not the Nelson Mandela.

Why are Latin American Countries so poor in relation to Anglo American Countries?

Both  Simon Bolivar and George Washington were in very similar circumstance. Both trying to break away from European powers and both trying to unite many states into a super big country. Washington succeeded. Bolivar failed.  The reasons are complex but one main factor was the style of development. In French Canada and New England states the major method of bringing in the European population was through indentured servitude. Young people would be paid passage to North America and have to work for the benefactor for a period of 5 to 7 years after which the would become free citizens. By that time they would have either collected enough money to buy a plot of land and start their own homestead or be given by the state a larger plot of land to develop their own farm in a outlying area close to the wilderness.  Within a few decades a ever increasing tapestry of various type of homesteads, business owners and landowners with voting rights formed the backbone of French Canada and New England states.
Latin America Developed completely different. The Spanish and Portuguese models were to At first allocate very large plots of land and offer them to Europeans of lower noble class to develop enormous plantations. Which they did, as these plantations became larger and more numerous, non European labour (Mainly Africans and Native Americans) was brought in with very little cost or as slave labour.  This created a system similar to that of feudal Europe of the Middle Ages, with lords and peasants with no middle class and no voting rights.

Colonial rule: Spain ruled their colonies with iron hand, zero freedom for entrepreneurship or liberal education.  The most famous european philosophers and scientists were banned in Latin America, because their ideas were seen as anarchic and challenged the status quo.  Latin colonies lived in the Middle Age until their independence.

not only that, there is the difference of spanish form of rule and the british rule which we see in the us/canada/australia/new zealand. notice how there is a huge disparity in wealth between the british and spanish former colonies. the british gave the colonies some form of self-rule and some self autonomy and even a miniature version of democracy. the spaniards did not give their colonies such freedom but rather was much more oppressive, and for that reason it was much harder to establish a stable form of government the way the former british colonies such as the us did.

hispanic countries did not bring this rigid, puritanical hard work ethic with them and this is one reason for the differences in success between the two countries. however, contrary to stereotype, they were not necessarily a bunch of lazy bums who partied, drank booze, and seduced native women instead of working hard. that isn’t necessarily true. but latin american society was much more relaxed though than the us, and this is shown by the huge difference in productivity between the two countries.

A couple centuries later when Bolivar tried to form his United States of South America he had full support from the uneducated peasants and freed slaves against the powerful land owners who had the support of Spain . Brasil similar situation.  Although  South America did break away from Europe, the lack of a middle class society failed to make them as successful as Anglo/French  countries to the north due to lower expectation standards and high corruption.

Weapons –

  1. Racial classification confusion – White Latin Americans like to tell their victims they are a variety colors rather than the color they are.
  2. Hogging the media
  3. Lying about racial harmony.
  4. Racial shaming –
  5. Discrimination –
  1. Dominican Republic (The Worst of the Worst)

The Vicini’s Control the Sugar Industry of Dominican Republic

White Make up only 14% but 90% of the Dominican economy($71 billion dollars) is controlled by 25 White families. On average, only 45 cents of every dollar a tourist spends in a developing country remains in the local economy. Spanish hoteliers own many of the most popular Dominican chains.

The upper and upper-middle classes of the Dominican Republic are overwhelmingly of European origin.[53][54]

The middle class, which is the class with the broadest colour spectrum,[55] is roughly ⅓ white. Altogether, about 45% of the lower-middle, upper-middle and upper class Dominicans are white, with mixed-race Dominicans reaching a similar proportion.[54]

The lower class is overwhelmingly of mixed-race (81%).

“The country suffers from marked income inequality; the poorest half of the population receives less than one-fifth of the GDP, while the richest 10 per cent enjoys nearly 40 per cent of GDP.

Still, about one of three Dominicans lives in poverty, according to World Bank statistics. The electricity cuts out daily and the country spends less of its gross domestic product on education than nearly any other Latin American country. Catholic Youth Ministry coordinator Luis Rosario said the country has more brothels than schools

Moreover, the World Bank report points out that Dominican society suffers from much inequality, particularly in urban areas. The report paints a picture of a country in which the poor remain poor, trapped in their situation with little chance of escaping. Dominican society is highly unequal even in the context of the Latin American region, well-known for its gaping divisions; whilst over the decade an average of 41% of the overall population in Latin America and the Caribbean moved up to a higher income group, this figure was a mere 2% in the Dominican Republic.

  • The U.N. agency says half of Dominicans younger than 18 live in poverty, struggling to get enough food, access to safe drinking water and adequate housing. Only 30 percent of kids finish primary school and that only 18 percent finish secondary school on time. Those schools are in poor shape: Nearly half have no drinking water and nearly 60 percent have no toilets
  • Most of the Dominican media is White, and many upscale night clubs discriminate against anyone with African blood. http://nypost.com/2007/08/08/the-drs-dark-secret/.

Dominican Republic was described as dire.  The D.R. has 1.6 million Whites.

The DR has always been a much darker place than Cuba or Puerto Rico. Dominicans have long looked down on Haitians as Blacks, and most Dominicans will tell you they are mulattos no matter how much Black they have in them. In part, this is a way of distinguishing themselves from Haitians.

Most remaining DR Whites are in the areas of Santo Domingo, the capital, and Cibao and Bani. These were tobacco-growing regions, and tobacco did not need huge armies of slaves to work on it. Hence, tobacco growers were often small landowners. The lack of slaves meant that there was much less interbreeding between Whites and Blacks.

2. Peru

Population 15% of Population

The ruling elite has kept the country’s wealth in the capital since Peru’s colonial days. The concentration of economic opportunity along with Peru’s internal conflict prompted massive internal migration in the second half of the 20th century. Concentrated in the provincial, departmental, and national capitals, Peru’s upper class was the other side of the coin of peonage. Whereas the Quechua or Aymara native population was powerless, submissive, and poor, the regional and national elites were White, dominant, and wealthy.

The racial composition of the upper class is predominantly white, although a few mestizos are represented, especially at regional levels. The social structure of the country follows a Lima-based model. The national upper class is located almost exclusively in the province of Lima, the second strata of elites is provincial, residing in the old principal regional cities, such as Arequipa, Trujillo, and Cusco, but not in Huancayo, Chimbote, or Juliaca, whose populations are predominantly of highland mestizo and cholo origins. Upper-class status in provincial life generally does not equate with the same levels in Lima, but rather to a middle level in the national social hierarchy.

Traditionally, the upper classes based their power and wealth on rural land ownership and secondarily on urban industrial forms of investment. This situation has changed in part through the rise of business, industry, banking, and political opportunities, and also because of the Agrarian Reform Law of 1969, which forced dramatic changes in land tenure patterns. It was, however, a change as difficult to make as any that could be imagined: the fabled landed oligarchy greatly feared any alterations in its property rights, which included the colonos and yanaconas attached to both highland and coastal estates. Their control over Peru’s power, purse, and peasantry bordered on the absolute until the second half of the twentieth century, when the great highland migrations took hold of coastal cities and industrial growth exploded. Ensuing social and political demands could no longer be managed from behind the traditional scenes of power.

Despite this Eurocentric trend, descendants of Japanese and Chinese immigrants have also entered the economic elites, if not with the equivalent social status. At least one Chinese-Peruvian family, which holds substantial banking, commercial, and industrial investments, descends from immigrants who arrived as indentured laborers in the nineteenth century.

Peru has the world’s worst ‘variance’ explicable by the children’s backgrounds, or so the OECD have found. ‘Variance’ means departure from the average. Translated into layman’s language, the finding therefore means that if you examine the educational attainment of Peruvian schoolchildren, you’ll find their success or failure more reliably linked to their background than anywhere else in the world. Never say ‘Indios’ in South American Spanish, though: it’s considered insulting. ‘Do you take me for an Indian?’ means ‘Do you take me for a fool?’ Across the continent, if you want to be polite, you say ‘campesinos’ which means ‘peasants’ and is considered less insulting.

In the Peruvian racialist analysis, white Peruvians are universally rich, well educated, intelligent successful and of course, beautiful. At the other end of the scale, anyone with darker skin must inevitably be poor, uneducated, unintelligent and a criminal.

12% of Peruvians are White. Official figures are 15% according to the CIA, but the last racial census in 1940 showed only 3.7% Whites. The true % of Whites in Peru is quite confused. I think the % of Whites is probably around 12% though,  This gives us 3.5 million Whites in Peru.

The rest of the population is 45% Indian and 37% mestizo. The mestizos here seem to be more Indian than in places like Mexico and Chile.

Peru is an incredibly racist society, and Lima is regarded as the most racist city in Latin America. If a mestizo or Indian stops a White on the street of Lima and asks directions, the White will usually refuse to speak to them. The Whites there have the attitude, “We don’t even talk to these people”, who they refer to as cholos.

Even mestizos experience a lot of racial discrimination, and this experience was one of the reasons so many young Peruvian mestizos became cadres in Sendero Luminoso. My perception is that the average Peruvian mestizo has a lot of Indian blood, possibly even mostly or pure Indian.

Social race is rampant here, and if you take off your Indian clothes, move out of the village to a big city and quit speaking Quechua, you can automagically transform yourself into a mestizo.

Many light or upper class mestizos identify as White and desperately want to be White, and many are admitted into White social circles. A lot of these people have high levels of cognitive dissonance. You may hear an obviously mestizo upper middle class mestizo point to a lower class mestizo as dark as they are and curse the “cholo de mierda” (shitty cholo).

Posters said that the rest of the mestizos who are not trying to identify as Whites really hate Whites and don’t try to hide it at all. Race relations in Peru appear to be catastrophic.

The film piled up numerous examples of how these assumptions manifest themselves in modern Peruvian life. For example, Peruvians with darker skin often find that nobody will serve them at first in expensive stores such as first-hand car outlets — the assumption goes that such a person could not possibly afford to buy such a car. In the expensive beach communities towards the south of Lima, darker-skinned Peruvians wanting to buy property have had to fight off attempts to evict them from residents suspicious of their new neighbours. Of course, when such cases go to court, eviction attempts are shot down as ridiculous examples of discrimination, but the fact they make it so far underlines the extent of the problem. In other areas, outright discrimination is even more common. Various night-life establishments in wealthier areas of Lima such as Miraflores have been temporarily shut down for underhand racist tactics. As exposed by various secret-camera sting operations, many establishments turn away non-whites, telling them that the club is booked for a private function, only to wave on in anyone of the correct race who later drops by.

On the television too, the people that feature are predominantly white with western-looking features, and in the social pages, double page-picture spreads of social events will feature almost 100% white faces. None of this is accidental either, in fact it’s ruthlessly intentional: a telling part of ‘Choleando’ featured an interview with a photographer who had worked for a variety of media outlets and regularly been told to avoid pictures of ‘brown’ people.

This constant subliminal and overt message of white superiority has some tragic affects and manifestations amongst some sectors of Peruvian society. There are people who cruise the streets of Cusco and Miraflores seeking out white foreigners seemingly for nothing else other than their beautiful white looks (and of course, in many cases, a visa). Any other characteristic of the person is irrelevant, the gringo/a merely becomes an ivory trophy to be displayed as a status symbol. But wait! I hear you cry, surely this happens in all countries; it’s an obsession with the foreign and the exotic? Perhaps, but you are far less likely to find people hunting down the black or many Asian visitors and immigrants who come to Peru… It all seems to be part of the unsettling idea that white is better.

For some ‘white worshipping’, goes even further. Choleando featured an interview with a plastic surgeon who spoke of clients who had come to him with pictures of white people’s noses or chins or lips, asking him to make them look more like the people in the pictures. Of course, as the surgeon pointed out, to suppose that ‘white’ features are inherently more beautiful is ridiculous; beauty depends most of all on proportions (think golden rule) in the face, he said, which have no correlation to skin colour whatsoever. Many Peruvians are seemingly not in agreement, and many will attest to the fact that lighter skin and ‘western features’ are inherently desirable. When countless advertising companies and media outlets are telling them that’s the case, it is easy to understand why.

Of course, the picture is not as extreme as I have painted it. Many people interviewed in the film responded that they considered themselves a ‘cholo’ and were proud to be so — something which raises questions about how they reconciled this with the fact that they believed that distinct races exist in Peru. Either way, it shows that many Peruvians are not ashamed to be mixed race. However, discrimination, and deeply unhealthy assumptions about race certainly exist in Peru in a strong way. I hope to explore some other aspects of the issue in future posts. For now, please post any comments you have.

3. Ecuador– Ecuador is a profoundly racist society, as you often see in South American countries where the White % gets low. Although official figures put the White population at 10.4%, the actual number is around 5%. There are 650,000 Whites in Ecuador. They are about as racist as Peruvian Whites. They have utter contempt for Indians and Blacks, and they have nothing to do with other non-Whites.

Similar to how it was in the Jim Crow South, non-Whites are not allowed to eat in White restaurants, or if they are, they must use a separate set of dishes. Whites often wash their faces and hands after dealing with a non-White, as if they had been dirtied.

Official figures show that Ecuador is 65% mestizo and 25% Indian, but social race is amply on display here, and if we go by actual genetics instead, the figures are probably reversed – 66% Indian and 26% mestizo. 3% of the population is Black, all on the coast. As in Bolivia, Ecuadorian Whites said that the Indians in Ecuador hate everyone who is not Indian and want to throw them all out of the country.

The racial history of Ecuador is pretty nasty. Slavery lasted in various odd forms all the way until 1930, and de facto White rule was ongoing until the 1970’s. Non-Whites were not allowed to have any significant government or military posts until that time. In the 1970’s, a progressive regime allowed non-Whites into the officer corps. The nation is very racially stratified, and Whites, Blacks, mulattos, mestizos and Indians all pretty much marry their own.

From 1809 to 1905, Chinese and Jews were banned from entering Ecuador, and there was something resembling an actual racial apartheid structure in place.

In the early 1900’s, a progressive mestizo president came aboard and initiated a series of major changes. At the time, the White population was 30%, but it has since dropped from 30% to 5% in a mere century. The progressive reforms involved a major land reform that broke up the White latifundias (vast estates) and distributed the lands to the Indians and mestizos. Many of the original stock of Spanish and British Whites returned to Europe in disgust due to these changes.

In the 1920’s, a significant wave of German immigration came to the country. Presently, Germans make up the largest % of Ecuadorian Whites, followed by Spaniards, British and a small number of Lebanese. Many of the Germans are Nazi supporters.

Certainly, the political voice of black people in Ecuador has historically been limited by poverty; in 2001 73.8% of the Afro-Ecuadorian population were unable to satisfy their basic needs (Sánchez, 2005, p.12). And, though poverty (measured by income) among Afro-Ecuadorians had reduced to 42.9% by 2009, this was still significantly higher than white or mestizo populations (26.3% and 32.7% respectively) (de la Torre & Sánchez, 2012, p. 142).

Indigenous populations experience even greater levels of poverty than Afro-Ecuadorians, estimated at 68.2% in 2009 (de la Torre & Sánchez, 2012, p. 142),

4. Bolivia

Although official figures put the number of Whites in Bolivia at 15%, the actual number is smaller at 8%. 65% are Indians, and 27% are mestizos. There are 1 million Whites in Bolivia. The Whites tend to live in the Western part of country. Race relations there were described as horrible, and Whites were often targets of abuse and verbal and even physical aggression by Indians.

The Indians were said to have a grudge against the Whites going back centuries to the Conquest. Posters said that the Indians consider the whole country theirs, hate everyone who is not Indian and want to throw all non-Whites out of the country.

Whites have traditionally tried to marry only other Whites, but lately some young Whites are starting to date Indians and Blacks, much to the consternation of their more traditional relatives. Whites do not really hate mestizos, though out of tradition, they do not date or marry them. Furthermore, the mestizos often hate the Indians just as much as the Whites do.

Posters described White Bolivians as living in fear. Expressions of White ethnocentrism invite attacks, robberies and even homicides, so Whites tend to keep their heads down. The feeling among Bolivian Whites is that they are losing their country. Many White Bolivians are taking off, often migrating to Southern Brazil.

5. Brazil – Racial democracy or White Dictatorship

capa

The population of Brazil is made of a majority of Black and Mulatto (51%) and some other yellow and indigenous minorities (2 to 3%), but in the Brazilian parliament 90% of the elected members are white and only 1 in 10 (10%) Black and Metis people, while Brazil is still a democracy.

For the last Presidential election all 3 candidates were all white.

with 51% of Black and Metis, there is only 10% of the latest group in the parliament?

In Brazil the richest 10% of the Population control 42% of the economy.

For outsiders, Brazil is multicutural country, with happy Metis and Black people spending most of their time in Carnival, or crushed by poverty in the slums.

In nearly every area of importance that one studies in Brazil, it is dominated by persons with white skin and European features (1). For some who don’t live in Brazil, this may seem to be an exaggeration but numerous visitors to Brazil have commented on what we call the ‘ditadura de brancura‘ (dictatorship of whiteness). In reality, Brazilians themselves are also quick to outright deny this, downplay it or try to dismiss this reality as ‘vitimismo’ (playing the victim). But seriously, with study after study confirming Brazil’s obsession with portraying itself as a European nation, at what point does denial become consciousness of the fact with no desire to admit the truth? With this in mind, it’s refreshing to see the rise ofindependent You Tube productions and blogs as black Brazilians continue to find creative ways to make their presence felt and bring a bit a more balanced racial representation of the array of phenotypes that one sees in everyday Brazil. 

The Brazilian nation was constructed upon the free labor of 4-5 million African slaves, a total representing more than 40% of all African slaves sent to the Americas and between 9 and 10 times the amount of Africans that ended up in the United States. The brutality of Brazilian slavery was such that the average life span of these slaves was about 7 years. With the end of slavery at hand near the end of the 19th century (1872), elites looked at a population that was 80% non-white and didn’t like what they saw. The solution was the slow whitening and eventual disappearance of the non-white population by three methods.

Why is Brazil not a superpower

Brazil gained its independence in 1824 from Portugal. Portugal, at that point in history, wasn’t exactly what you would call an industrial superpower. In fact, Portugal was such a mess they couldn’t muster the stones/resources to suppress the Brazilian independence movement. There was no real “war of independence” for Brazil.

The US colonies were populated by, relatively speaking, a well-educated, free populace, where class divisions were not so rigidly reinforced by racial divisions. I’m ignoring slavery for the moment, as industrialization in the US was focused in the free northern colonies.

If you read Weber’s The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism, you can see how the US’s Calvinist/protestant culture created the cultural conditions necessary for rapid and successful industrialization. The lack of very rigid class divisions meant that more of the US’s human resources were more effectively utilized, with everyone more able to contribute their full talents to the US’s industrialization.

Additionally, the northern colonies were not exactly what you would call resource rich as the southern colonies; agriculture north of Virgina was nowhere near as productive as south of it. This means that the Northern colonies were forced to find competetive advantage somewhere other than agriculture, so they turned to industry to feed themselves.

Brazil, by contrast, was very different case. You had a small, landed white minority that made most of its wealth running the large sugar, coffee, and cotton fazendas (plantations). They imported huge numbers of slaves the country over to run these fazendas. While the natives were generally either left alone, or forced into servitude by the fazenda owners and/or catholic missionaries.

Looking back to Weber, the Brazilians’ non-Calvinist culture, combined with the rigid racial divisions, and huge wealth the landed classes gained by doing almost nothing, meant the people running the country had no incentive to industrialize; they were getting rich just fine without it, and those that weren’t didn’t matter anyway. These attitudes continued well after the abolition of slavery, and even today many of Brazil’s class divisions have a heay racial component (no matter what Brazilians say).

The US was founded by the world’s foremost industrial and military superpower. As such, they had a huge leg up in knowledge and resources required to industrialize.

 

  1. They initiated a mass immigration program that attracted more than 4 million European immigrants over the next 70 years while simultaneously creating a law, Decreto 528, of 1890, that would require Africans and Asians to get approval from congress to migrate to the country.
  2. After slavery, simply abandoning former slaves and forcing them to survive on their own accord.
  3. Encouraging non-white Brazilians to desire procreation with white or light-skinned partners so that after a few generations of this mixture, the African or black phenotype would be effectively eliminated from the nation. Scientist João Batista de Lacerda was so certain of this that, in his thesis entitled Os mestiços do Brasil (Mixed race people of Brazil) that he presented in 1911 at the First Universal Races Congress at the University of London, he predicted that within 100 years (by 2011), black people will have disappeared and mixed-race people would represent only 3% of the population.

In fact, according to José Carlos Rui in his article, “O sonho racista de um povo branco (The racist dream of a white people)”, Lacerda’s prediction actually left many people furious because they felt that a century for the nation to become white was much too long! For Brazilian writers of the period between 1870 and 1930, it was obvious that the country needed to whiten itself because they saw blacks, Indians and people of mixed race as peoples incapable of civilization and representations of Brazil’s backwardness. Politician and writer Joaquim Nabuco thought that “European immigration could bring, continuously, into the tropics a stream of lively, energetic, and wholesome Caucasian blood”. Literary critic José Veríssimo thought that “sooner or later it (the white race) would eliminate the black race” from Brazil. Silvo Romero wrote in 1880 that “the victory in the battle for life, among us, will belong, in the future, to the white man”. He predicted it would take three or four centuries so he accepted the 100 year prediction of Lacerda with optimism. In 1921, journalist Artur Neiva wrote that “within a century, the nation will be white” and in 1923, deputy Carvalho Neto predicted that “the negro would disappear within 70 years”. In 1938, doctor and writer Afrânio Peixoto said that 200-300 years were necessary for the nation to totally pass through the “black eclipse”. Not exactly predictions that would lead one to believe in a “racial democracy” or equal acceptance of all three races that were the base of the Brazilian people.

 

A Redenção de Cam (The Redemption of Ham)

While Brazil’s national identity seemingly prides itself in its mixed race heritage, it is important to realize that the goal of elites in the 19th century was not the complete mixture of the population but rather the complete whitening of the population. This white dream is captured perfectly in 1895 painting entitled A Redenção de Cam (The Redemption of Ham) by the Spanish artist Modesto Brocos. As the old Bible myth declared descendants of the character Ham to be cursed, this painting can be interpreted as such:

The black grandmother on the left had had a relationship with a white man, which produced her mulata daughter sitting next to her. The mulata daughter had a relationship with the Portuguese immigrant sitting next to her that produced the phenotypically white baby that sits on her lap. The grandmother gives thanks and praise because the “black stain” has finally been removed from the family. The palm leaves behind her are a symbol of hope.

Thus, today it should not be surprising that black exclusion, murder, anti-African sentiments, racism and an obsession with whiteness continue to be blatantly present in Brazilian society.

It is a part of the nation’s very history.

Brazilian soaps are almost always about White families. Blacks play minor supporting roles, running a juice stand on the beach, practicing voodoo and giving practical advice to the Whites. The reason Brazilian TV is so White is because research has shown that mostly Black/mulatto Brazilian viewers do not want to see Blacks or mulattos on TV.

There is still racial discrimination in Brazil to the extent that if you are lighter it is easier to get a good job than if you are darker, but Brazilians like Mexicans labor under the lie that they have beaten racism. This is a problem in that it makes existing racism hard to deal with. If there is no racism and everyone gets along fine, anyone bringing up racism charges is a troublemaker and a liar who is trying to set the races against each other.

Furthermore, studies show that Blacks are bullied at school by Whites who call them the equivalent of  “nigger.” Blacks are almost never hired by Brazilian firms for good white-collar jobs, and those few Blacks that have such jobs are almost always hired by foreign firms.

The truth is that privileged Brazilian Whites simply refuse to work for a Black boss or have Black superiors. That would be like your slaves lording it over you. The Whites have a very good privileged system there, and they don’t want to share with Blacks at all.

On the other hand, the discrimination is really more economic than genetic, and social race is all the rage. Black and mulatto cops will stop and search groups of Black and mulatto males (racial profiling) but will not stop groups of Whites. Why? The darker guys are often up to no good.

A wealthy Black is only respected if he dresses the part and has the proper wealthy adornments. Furthermore, he needs a White woman, preferably a blond. The first thing Black futbol stars do when they hit the big-time is grab a blond to marry.

Yet a White man, even if he dresses down, is considered to be automatically OK. But a rich Black man dressing down would be considered just another low-class Black up to no good. Much also is made of education and speech. Most Whites are well-educated and speak a refined Portuguese. Blacks are usually poorly-educated and speak a slangy, low-class dialect something like a Portuguese Ebonics.

But not all Whites are rich, and there are many poor Whites in the South. The favelas of the South are filled with Whites, and there are White beggars on the streets. Blacks in the South have been elected governors of states and mayors of large cities, and the South was the first place Blacks got civil rights. Studies show that the best place for a Black to live is in the White South due to the wealth of the region.

Nevertheless, the upper class Whites of the South are extremely racist by US standards. They dislike people with dark skin and regard them as inferior. There is not much anti-Semitism because there are only a few Jews (12,000) in the region

The racial history of Brazil is very interesting.

Originally, the Indian tribes were nearly bred out of existence. They sent over the dregs of Portuguese society. Due to the harsh nature of the region they were going to, the colonists were nearly all men. They few women on board the ships were generally prostitutes. Most decent women did not want to put up with the rigors of colonization. It meant a long sea voyage on a ship full of males in an environment of poor hygiene. When you stepped off the ship, the new land was all jungle, with unpleasant tropical weather, many jungle diseases and no hospitals. In addition, the new settlements were under continuous attack by hostile Indians.

One famous such colonist was named Diogo Álvares. The Tupinambá Indians referred to him as Caramurú, his Indian name. He singlehandedly fathered 200 children by many different Indian women. Essentially, most of the coastal Brazilian Indian tribes were simply fucked out of existence. Interbreeding with Indians continued even up until the late 1800’s, and it was not unusual for a White man to father up to 20 children with different Indian women.

Hence, the true settlement of the country occurred due to voluntary immigration from Europe or the importation of African slaves, mostly from the Portuguese colony of Angola.

White women were so heavily valued by Portugal that the law stipulated that they were not allowed to leave the country without the signed permission of their husbands or fathers, in shades of a practice that continues today in Arab lands. Unbelievably, this law remained on the books until 1975!

Since there was a shortage of women, many men brought their own wives from Europe, or arranged marriages in Europe, or tried their luck with the yearly importation of Crown’s Orphans, orphan girls gathered from all over Europe and imported to Brazil to become brides for male colonists. Yet there were still not enough women. So many men had sex with their female Black slaves, resulting in a large mulatto population.

In the late 1800’s after slavery was abolished (1888) the government undertook a “Whitening” or Branqueamento project that was shockingly called just that. The idea was that Brazil was a mostly Black country, and that mostly Black meant disaster for the future (Racial thinking was extremely common at the time).

Hence a huge effort was made to encourage Europeans to immigrate to Brazil. This effort went on for some time and attracted many immigrants from Italy, Germany, other parts of Europe, and even Japan.

In 1923, a Brazilian Congressman famously said, “The Black eclipse will have passed entirely in 70 years.” He was referring to the disappearance of Blacks in Brazil as an ethnic entity, presumably replaced with some sort of mulatto orzambo.

In 1945, the country’s official immigration policy openly stated the need to “develop within the country’s ethnic composition the most convenient characteristics of its European descent.”

As recently as 25 years ago (1988), an assistant to the governor of São Paolo actually suggested mass birth control for Blacks, Indians and mixed-race people as a eugenic measure.

This official explicitly racial thinking is pretty much a thing of the past. Posters said that Lula is a mulatto (though he looks White to me), and racism is now actually illegal in the country (whatever that means), though the law is hardly enforced and even those convicted get a slap on the wrist.

Furthermore, there is a very large amount of interbreeding going on in Brazil, even in the Far South. Down there, this mostly involves White women breeding with Black and mulatto men. In the rest of Brazil, all sorts of racial interbreeding is going on, described as epidemic.

In general, this is mostly going on with lower class Whites. The middle and upper class Whites still do not mix with non-Whites all that much.

White Brazilians felt that the situation for Whites in Brazil was dire, even in the South.

6. Colombia

Cali Colombia

Colombia has a large White population estimated at around 22%, which means there are 10 million Whites in Colombia, as many as in Mexico. However, the Whites here typically have some Indian and Black blood, so it is more of a social race concept. Further, a Colombian White often has brothers or sisters that are quite a bit darker than he is, relics of a long history of interbreeding here. The rest of the population is 54% mestizo, 14% mulatto, 6% Black, 3% zambo (defined below) and 2% Indian.

Antioquia Province is one of the Whitest places in Latin America along with Southern Brazil and Costa Rica’s Central Valley. This region is 80% White, and White Antioquians are known as paisas. Antioquia is 1% Indian, and the rest are Blacks and mulattos. There was little interbreeding with the Indians since the Indians were so violent that they did not accept newcomers.

The capital of Antioquia is Medellin, and this is also a very White city, but recently many Blacks, mulattos and Indians have been moving to the city from other parts of Colombia, so it is not as White as it used to be.

Manizales is another majority-White city. The Whites are mostly Spaniards, but curiously, in Barranquilla and Santander, there are many Germans. Colombia received a very large input of Black slaves.

There is a lot of racism in employment here, and the dumb blonde gets the job over the competent Black with a degree. Everything here is all about appearances both genetic and personal – your height, weight, clothing – and above all else, social class. Other than that, some say that race relations are generally pretty good, keeping with the trend in the most heavily mixed Latin American countries such as Mexico, Venezuela and Brazil.

However, others say that racism is still a very serious problem in Colombia. 30 years ago, it was not uncommon to see signs in Colombia saying saying, “House For Rent. No Blacks.” To this day, it is very common for Afro-Colombians to beturned away from upscale establishments on account of their color.

6. Mexico

7. Panama

Panama is the second wealthiest Latin American country after Uruguay. Panama became rich mainly because of the building of the Panama canal which was built by a crew that was 75% Black.

Panama is ruled by the “Rabiblancos” or White elite.

7. Mauritania

8. Sudan

Formerly

Liberia

Most desperate attempts of Migrants

1. Mexican migrants hiding in dead cattle

News 8 –  Saturday afternoon 2014, Laredo, Texas police made a shocking discovery while performing a random truck inspection at a checkpoint in the border city. Police say 34-year-old Thomas Gray was driving an 18 wheeler employed by Freight Lines when he was asked to step out of his vehicle for an inspection. Gray was ordered to open the back of his truck, at which point the 34-year-old truck driver ran off into a wooded area. Police broke open the lock on the back of the semi-truck, to find 50 dead cows stacked in the refrigerated area.

At first, police say there was nothing out of the ordinary – until they heard a baby crying. With they found next, was like something out of a horror movie. “When we entered the truck, searching for the crying infant, we saw nothing. As we investigated further, it led me to one of the carcasses and I realized the crying was coming from the inside,” said officer Manuel Rodriguez of the Laredo, Texas Police Department.

Officers said they immediately cut open the cow to not only find an infant, but his mother holding him tightly. The cow had been gutted out and lined with a hard plastic shell with air holes drilled through the carcass. Upon inspection, they found 50 animals which contained two people in each one. Laredo police recovered 32 women, 20 children, and 48 men – all illegal immigrants.

As for Thomas Gray, he was recovered in a wooded area hiding in a bush. When Gray was arrested, he refused to give out any information on his involvement in the transport of these illegal immigrants. The details of the transport, police say, are still under investigation. The 80 adults recovered are currently being held in police custody, while the 20 children, all under the age of six, are being cared for at Child Protective Services awaiting foster placement until police can figure out what to do with them.

 

2. Nigerian migrant hiding in plane Tire hole

http://www.businessinsider.com/nigerian-jet-landing-gear-2013-8

3. Congolese migrant sailing on Cargo Ships and walking through the jungle

http://www.npr.org/sections/parallels/2016/06/22/483081488/via-cargo-ships-and-jungle-treks-africans-dream-of-reaching-the-u-s

4. Eritrean Migrant hiding in Car Bumber

http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/world-news/migrant-pictured-lying-hidden-underneath-7355165

5. Eritrean Migrant hiding in Suitcase

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/spain/10674540/Immigrant-caught-hiding-in-suitcase-by-Spanish-police.html

 

African Economies by Language

EAC

English Speaking African Countries  2.680 trillion    

489 million  people

Countries – 18

Economic Capital – Johannesburg, Lagos, Nairobi

Nigeria (190 million) $1.2 trillion, South Africa (55 million) $742 billion, Kenya (45 million)  $143 billion, Tanzania (52 million) $150 billion, Ghana (28 million) $121 billion, Uganda (38 million) $85 billion, Zambia(16 million) $65 billion, Zimbabwe (13 million) $29 billion, Botswana (2.2 million) $39 billion, Namibia (2.1 million) $28 billion, Swaziland (1.1 million) $11 billion, Lesotho (2.1 million) $6 billion , Malawi (16 million) $22 billion, South Sudan (13.3 million) $23 billion, Sierra Leone (7.1 million) $10 billion, Liberia (6 million) $3 billion, The Gambia (1.9 million) $3.5 billion

Johannesburg-Skyline-at-dusk_zps7bdfa86a

tin_can_Lagos

 

French African Countries $600 billion    

294 million people

Economic Capital of French Africa – Abidjan

Countries-21

Cote D’Ivoire (24 million) $85 billion,Cameroon (22.5 million) $78 billion, Democratic Republic of the Congo (81.7 million) $68 billion,Senegal (14 million) $39 billion, Madagascar (23 million) $38 billion, Gabon (1.5 million) $36.5 billion,  Burkina Faso (17 million) $32 billion, Republic of the Congo (4.7 Million) $31 billion, Mali (14.5 million) $30 billion, Chad (14 million) $30 billion, Mauritius (1.3 million) $23 billion,Benin (10.1 million) $22.5 billion, Niger (17 million) $20 billion,  Rwanda (11.2 million) $20 billion, Guinea (12 million) $16 billion, Togo(7.5 million) $11.6 billion,Burundi (11.2 million) $8 billion,  Djibouti (828,000) $3.3 billion, Central African Republic (4.7 million) $3.2 billion,  Seychelles (100,000) $2.7 billion, Comoros (800,000) $1.3 billion,

abidjan2

 

Portuguese African Countries

5 Countries – Angola (24 million) $194 billion, Mozambique (25 million) $36 billion , Cape Verde (520,000) $3.8 billion, Guinea Bissau (1.7 million) $ 2.8 billion, Sao Tome (190,000) $720 million

Economic size -$237 billion

Population – 54 million people

Economic Capital-Luanda

Luanda 1

 

Other Languages

Amharic

Ethiopia

Eritrea

Somalia

 

Spanish

Equatorial Guinea

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oreos vs Wiggers – Most Stereotypically Black vs Most Stereotypically White

Criteria

  1. Mannerisms
  2. Alignment with their political or social Issue

 

Blackest White People

  1. Rachel Dolezal

2. Paul Wall

Paul Wall

3. Jon B

4. Tina Marie

5. Eminem

 

Whitest Black People

  1. Stacey Dash

2. Condoleeza Rice

3. Alfonso Ribeiro

4. Coffee Anderson

 

5. Colin Powell

Considering the idea of “Talking white” Many Blacks particularly in urban low class settings, feel that Black Americans who “talk white” are weak.

White man that many Black people like

Tim Wise

Kim Kardashian

Black Man that many White people like regardless of Political Ideology

Morgan Freeman

Black Women that many White people like regardless of Political Ideology

Zoe Saldana

Black Man that Both Races Respect

Denzel Washington

Black People that many White people Hate

Al Sharpton

Jesse Jackson

 

White People that many Black People Hate

Rush Limbaugh

Bill O’Reilly