How different Black groups became free

Haiti – Slave Revolt   1804, (Achieved through war and violence)    Mistakes made -In 1825, France, with warships at the ready, demanded Haiti compensate France for its loss of men and slave colony. In exchange for French recognition of Haiti as a sovereign republic, France demanded payment of 150 million francs (modern equivalent of $21 billion).[1] In 1838, France agreed to reduce the debt to 90 million francs to be paid over a period of 30 years to compensate former plantation owners who had lost their property . That is the main reason why Haiti is poor today. 

British American Colonies – 1838 – Why – Change in economic interests  Enslaved people had resisted the trade since it began. However, the French Revolution brought ideas of liberty and equality, which inspired those seeking an end to slavery (for example, Toussaint L’Ouverture who led a successful slave revolt in Haiti). Major slave revolts followed (Barbados 1816, Demerara1822 and Jamaica 1831-1832); they reduced profitability and gave a strong indication that, regardless of politicial opinion, the enslaved people were not going to tolerate enslavement. The revolts shocked the British government and made them see that the costs and dangers of keeping slavery in the West Indies were too high. In places like Jamaica, many terrified plantation owners were finally ready to accept abolition rather than risk a widespread war.

  • Parliamentary reform. When parliament was finally reformed in 1832, two-thirds of those who supported slavery were swept from power. The once powerful West India Lobby had lost its political strength.
  • Abolition campaigns and religious groups. The demand for freedom for enslaved people had become almost universal. It was now driven forward, not only by the formal abolition campaign but by a coalition of non-conformist churches as well as Evangelicals in the Church of England.

French American Colonies – 1848

Spanish colonies (1813 Mexico) 1853-, Argentina, Peru, Venezuela, Puerto Rico 1873, Cuba 1886

United States – (Achieved through war and violence)  Slave Uprisings, Civil War, Civil Rights Movement.

Brazil – (Achieved through war and violence) Slave Uprisings, Abolition by the state 1888 – Mistakes

Zanzibar – Zanzibar rebellion ( Achieved through war and violence)

English African Colonies 1957 ( Achieved through negotiations)

French African colonies 1960- Nonviolent independence movements and negotiotions

Portuguese African colonies 1975 – War

Zimbabwe – Zimbabwe movement 1980

South Africa – Anti apartheid Struggle

 

 

 

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10 Awful Things about China

  1. Pollution – Breathing the air in some cities in China is equivalent to smoking three packs of cigarettes a day.

2. Corrupt

3. Racist -China is one of the most racist countries you’ll ever see in all your days. But it is in a different type of way. Whites are favored in China in so many ways whether its getting teaching jobs they get just because of their skin color, “window jobs”, Being allowed to go to clubs for free, people become and befriend you, and women throw themselves on you. Whereas if you are Black, well you know……..

4. Rude & Poor Hygiene

Chinese touritst-master

Most Chinese toilets look like this

 

5. Animal Cruelty

6. Disregard for human life –

In China many people try and kill the pedestrians they hit, even if they are children. Because it is cheaper for them to pay compensation for them if they are dead then rather than if they are alive.

7. Lack of Freedom –

google, facebook, youtube, twitter, instagram, are not allowed in China.

Petitioners+in+black+jail

8. Outlandish claims for islands

9. Dishonest and Counterfeit

 

10. Oppressive Workplace culture – In China employers have total control over their employees. They can whip them or force them to engage in humiliating punishments for things such as not meeting their sales targets

 

Isn’t it no wonder that China is said to suffer from the worst brain drain in the world: 7 out of 10 students who enroll overseas never move back to live in China.

 

Highest ranked State Universities

  1. University of California – Berkeley  (35)
  2. University of Virginia – Charlottesville (36)
  3. College of William and Mary – Williamsburg (39)
  4. University of Michigan – Ann Arbor (41)
  5. University of California – Los Angeles (45)
  6. University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill (49)
  7. University of Illinois – Champaign (68)
  8. University of Wisconsin – Madison (69)
  9. University of Washington – Seattle (76)
  10. University of Texas – Austin (82)

Where are Venezuelans going

If you were hungry enough, would you kill and eat zoo animals? 

To most of us such a notion sounds absolutely insane, but this is actually happening in Venezuela right now.  This is a country where people are standing in lines for up to 12 hours hoping that there will be food to buy that day, and where rioting and looting have become commonplace.

At least 50 animals have died in the last six months at the Caricuao zoo in Caracas, Venezuela, due to widespread food shortages that are affecting both man and beast in the socialist nation.

Marlene Sifontes, a union leader for employees of state parks agency Inparques which oversees zoos, told Reuters that the zoo lost Vietnamese pigs, tapirs, rabbits and birds after the animals went weeks without eating. Others animals at the zoo are in danger of severe malnutrition. Lions and tigers, which should be on a carnivorous diet, are being fed mango and pumpkin just to get something in their empty stomachs, while an elephant is being fed tropical fruit instead of its usual diet of hay, the union leader said. According to one report, the big cats are being fed slaughtered thoroughbred racehorses from a nearby race track.

With each passing week, the situation in Venezuela keeps on getting worse.

Venezuela’s cash could run out ‘within a year’

The country’s central bank only has $11.9 billion in reserves, down sharply from $30 billion in 2011. A few large debt payments are coming due soon. Starting in October, Venezuela owes a total of $4.7 billion in a series of payments.

Venezuela is in the midst of a deep economic, political and humanitarian crisis. Its citizens are suffering from massive food shortages and hospitals lack basic medicine and equipment. Experts say Venezuela has prioritized paying the debt over dealing with the shortages.

Venezuela government could force people to work on farms

 

  1. United States (260,000),
  2. Panama (240,000),
  3. Spain (200,000),
  4. Italy (150,000), and
  5. Portugal (100,000).

10 Highest Grossing Nollywood Films

1) 30 Days In Atlanta

Year released~ 2014,
Domestic gross~ 137,200,000
Director ~Robert Peters

2. Fifty 100,000,000

 

3) Half Of A Yellow Sun

Year released~ 2013
Domestic gross ~60,000,000
Director ~ Biyi Bandele

4) October 1

Year Released ~2014
Domestic gross~60, 000, 000
Director~Kunle Afolayan

5) IJE

Year released~2010
Domestic gross~59, 800, 000 Director~Chineze Anyaene

6) Last Flight To Abuja

Year released~2012
Domestic gross~ 57,050,000
Director~ Obi Emelonye

7) The Return of Jenifa

Year released~ 2012
Domestic gross~35, 000, 000
Director~ Muhydeen Ayinde

8) The Figurine

Year released ~2009
Domestic gross~30, 000, 000 Director~Kunle Afolayan

9. The Road to Yesterday 30,000,000

10 Flower Girl
Year released~2013
Domestic gross~29,763,800
Director~ Michelle Bello

10 Countries that are the most dependent on foreign aid

  1. Liberia

The election of Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Africa’s first elected female leader, in 2005 ushered in a period of hope for this West African country that remains damaged from the effects of a 14-year civil war. In 2010, Johnson Sirleaf declared that “Liberia should not need aid in 10 years,” but most agree that the country has a long way to go before weaning itself off of foreign assistance. In 2010, Liberia received $1.42 billion in ODA while posting a gross national income of $805 million. The United States is Liberia’s largest bilateral donor, providing $450 million in aid to support democratization, security sector reform, female education, and reconstruction efforts.

 

2. Solomon Islands

Ethnic tensions from 1998 to 2003 caused the economy of the Solomon Islands to contract, plunging countless people into poverty. There have been significant socio-economic improvements since then but foreign aid remains the island nation’s major source of funding. In 2010, approximately $340 million of the Pacific island country’s $555 million GNI was ODA with much of this money coming from the country’s most important donor: Australia. In 2009, Prime Ministers Kevin Rudd and Derek Sikua signed the Australia-Solomon Islands Partnership for Development to reduce poverty and take steps toward achieving the Millennium Development Goals by 2015. Australia committed a total of 261 million Australian dollars ($280.99 million) to the Solomon Islands for fiscal 2011-2012.

3. Marshall Islands

A low population, tiny land mass, lack of skilled labor and untapped ecological resources (among other factors) makes the Marshall Islands especially vulnerable to economic shocks, diseases and natural disasters. Of the country’s $186 million GNI, about $91 million was represented by ODA. The island nation is one of three associated states of the United States, which makes it a sovereign minor partner that has access to many U.S. domestic programs including disaster response/recovery and hazard mitigation. Naturally, the United States is the country’s largest bilateral donor giving about $58 million annually under the Compact of Free Association which defines the relationship between the United States and its three sovereign but associated states. Australia has allotted an estimated AU$3.5 million to the Marshalls for fiscal 2011-2012.

4. Haiti

Haiti has been struggling economically for years and the devastating earthquake in January 2010 that took the lives of some 200,000 Haitians further hindered the country’s prospects for economic recovery. Of Haiti’s GNI of $6.73 billion in 2010, $3.07 billion was official development assistance. On March 31, 2010 at the international donors’ conference in New York, 58 donors pledged funds to support Haiti’s recovery and development after the disaster. As of December 2011, a total of $5.5 billion was pledged to the fund with Venezuela giving the highest donation estimated at $1.3 billion followed by the United States at $1.1 billion. Some 19 donors pledged a total of $579 million to the Haiti Reconstruction Fund, which aims to finance post-quake reconstruction.

5. Federated States of Micronesia

Micronesia is in free-association with the United States (along with the Marshall Islands and the Republic of Palau) and receives substantial aid from America. The country receives some $58 million in grants annually from the United States under the Compact of Free Association. Some of the development challenges facing the country are its remote location, which inhibits the growth of its tourism industry and results in high transportation and communications costs, lack of skilled labor and a fragile natural environment. The U.S. compact funds the delivery of basic education and health services, as well as infrastructure improvements and private and public sector capacity building. Another hindrance to growth is its perceived overdependence on U.S. aid. In 2010, $125 million out of the country’s gross national income of $309 million was ODA.

6. Burundi

Burundi is another fragile state recovering from the devastation of a 12-year civil war. The peaceful election of its first democratic government in 2005 and again in 2010 paved the way for donor confidence and stability. The country remains poor, however, and heavily dependent on aid. Belgium is its largest bilateral donor, focusing its efforts on the agricultural, health and education sectors. Belgium’s annual aid budget for Burundi is around €40 million ($52.66 million). In 2009, Belgian Development Cooperation allotted €149 million for the period 2010-2013 to cover cross-cutting issues such as gender equality and sustainable development among others. The United States, European Union and World Bank are also major donors to the East African country. In 2010, Burundi received $632 million in ODA, which is 39.8 percent of its GNI of $1.58 billion.

7. Tuvalu

An extremely remote country vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, Tuvalu is heavily reliant on foreign funding. The Tuvalu Trust Fund is one of the major sources of revenue for Tuvalu. The Fund, incorporated under the International Organizations (Privileges and Immunities) Act of 1964, is being overseen by the Tuvalu government and fund managers in Australia. The International Trust Fund Agreement was signed in 1987 by the government, Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom. Apart from Australia, which committed a total of AU$9.9 million to Tuvalu for fiscal 2011-2012, New Zealand and Japan are major bilateral donors to the country. In 2010, Tuvalu’s GNI was $38 million, $13 million of which was ODA.

8. Democratic Republic of Congo

This fragile state in Central Africa continues to struggle with instability and conflict. It is slowly recovering from a devastating civil war and grappling with enormous development challenges including inadequate infrastructure and working social institutions. Most donors are focusing on health and education, as well as peace building and governance. The United States provided $306 million in assistance to DRC in 2010 while the United Kingdom plans to nearly double its bilateral aid to the country within from 2011 to 2015. Barring any unforeseen circumstances, the United Kingdom will increase its current annual aid to DRC from 147 million pounds ($231.36 million) in 2011 to 258 million pounds by 2015. This would make the United Kingdom the largest bilateral donor to the country.

9. Samoa

Samoa is still feeling the effects of the 2009 tsunami that hit the small island nation and caused major damage to infrastructure and social services. Australia is Samoa’s largest bilateral donor and is assisting the country in reconstruction and recovery efforts. Other major donors such as the World Bank, Asian Development Bank, European Union and New Zealand also contribute to Samoa’s health, education and energy initiatives. Australia’s total ODA to Samoa for fiscal 2011-2012 is AU$43.7 million. In 2010, Samoa’s ODA was at $147 million, which is 27.1 percent of the country’s GNI of $544 million.

Sierra Leone

Sierra Leone has made significant strides a decade after a vicious civil war but the nation remains impoverished. The United Nations and United Kingdom have historically led the development efforts in Sierra Leone. The United Kingdom is Sierra Leone’s largest donor, contributing some 50 million pounds in fiscal 2010-2011 to support health and anti-corruption programs, as well as judicial and security reforms. In July 2010, the World Bank gave $20 million to fund skills training initiatives and cash-for-work programs while the European Union gave €52.5 million for infrastructure, agriculture and governance projects. Sierra Leone’s gross national income for 2010 is $1.9 billion of which $475 million is ODA.

Top 10 Countries that receive the most remittances

  1. India $70 billion

2. China $64 billion

3. Nigeria $35 billion

4. Phillipines $30 billion

5. Mexico $22 billion

6. Egypt  $17.5 billion

7. Pakistan   $14.6 billion

8. Bangladesh $13.8 billion

9. Vietnam  $11 billion

10. Ukraine $9.6 million

 

Countries that depend most on remittances

  1. Tajikistan (52 per cent)

2. Kyrgyz Republic (31 per cent)

3. Nepal  25%

4. Moldova (both 25 per cent)

5. Samoa  23 percent

6. Lesotho (both 23 per cent)

7. Armenia 21%

8. Haiti (both 21 per cent)

9. Liberia (20 per cent) 

10. Kosovo (17 per cent)