The Magufuli Effect: Tanzania’s New President and His Impact on Regional Affairs

Magafuli 1

There’s a new sheriff in East Africa, and he goes by the name of John Magufuli. Since entering office in November, he has embarked on a number of initiatives and cost-cutting moves designed to stem corruption and unnecessary spending in Tanzania, a country with tremendous potential but one in which the average income is $79 a month (World Bank, 2014). Thus while the nation has enjoyed a decent status as the center for foreign direct investment — particularly from China and the United States — the average citizen is still poor and has not felt the impact.

In walks Magufuli.

Some observers were surprised he was chosen to be the flag-bearer for the Chama Cha Mapinduzi Party because of his reputation against inefficiency.

He reportedly has earned the nickname “The Bulldozer.” The day after he was elected, he made a surprise visit to the Ministry of Finance, presumably to put officials on notice that it would not be business as usual. It wasn’t long before he struck blood when he announced an audit for large companies who previously had avoided taxes.

He also ordered import companies to pay for duties within seven days and ordered a crackdown on public officials who were reportedly working closely with these companies in exchange for bribes.

One week after the election, Magufuli showed up at the main state hospital in Dar es Salaam, to find patients sleeping on the floor and critical machines in poor condition. He immediately fired the director of the hospital and has since taken it upon himself to direct more funds towards the upgrade of the hospital and other medical facilities in the country. His acts resonated with the common wananchi (people) who felt that he understood their concerns and was truly upset by the corruption and the growing distance between the haves and have-nots in Tanzanian society.

Magufuli then made international headlines during Tanzania’s national day when he canceled expensive celebrations and instead ordered the funds to be diverted toward other areas of need in the country. Then, on national day, Magufuli himself went out into the streets with a push broom and began to clean up the roads and areas. This scene has been shared countless times on social media and is in stark contrast to other African presidents and even low-level politicians who shamelessly waste money on all levels of extravagance while the overwhelming majority of the people are mired in deep poverty. The cost for the national day celebration was budgeted for $100,000, but Magufuli used the funds to purchase  beds for the hospitals and other items.

In addition to budgetary discipline, he has also cut back on foreign travel for government officials and scrapped a plan for government spending on Christmas cards to be given out by officials. It should be noted this is possibly one of the many methods of corruption as officials have been known to increase the official price of such items. For example, they would charge $80 for an ink pen and then pocket the difference. (Note: $80 for a pen is not an exaggeration; it happened in Kenya).

However, Magufuli’s real impact will be his influence among voters in regional elections and politics. He is the first politician in East Africa, through the use of social media, to gain a popular following for his actions. There is a twitter hashtag, #WhatWouldMagufuliDo?, that is dedicated to cost-saving and anti-corruption measures. People in different parts of Tanzania and other countries are beginning to ask, “If Magufuli can do it in Tanzania, then what’s wrong with our politicians?”

The immediate impact will be felt in Tanzania, where voters will be looking for someone to clean up corruption and provide better services for the people. But in nations such as Kenya, Zambia and Uganda, the impact will be in their upcoming elections.  Uganda and Zambia are set to hold elections this year, whereas Kenya’s elections will be in 2017. However, Magufuli will likely make a major impact in Kenya because the election season has already started, and voters are already talking about how they’re looking for someone to actually “do something” and not just make speeches.

In Uganda and Kenya, incoming politicians will likely seek to channel the Magufuli vibe and promise to initiate acts of reform and cut back spending.  Both nations will experience financial difficulties in the coming year due to the slowing of the Chinese economy and the likelihood of their currency value taking another hit.

In Zambia, expect both the Patriotic Front and the United Front for National Development to espouse reformist rhetoric and promote themselves as the leaders of change. Magufuli-style talk will not solve the issues of tribalism, long-term cronyism or the coming Eurobond debt. Nor will it provide rain to enable Zambia’s hydroelectric dams to run more efficiently. Instead, it will serve as sound bites for politicians seeking to win over a few extra votes.

One interesting challenge facing Magufuli will be the response of the economic and political elite — many of whom made their fortunes on the corrupt system he is seeking to change. While Magufuli won the position as the party flag-bearer for the election, it remains to be seen if the CCM will choose him again in the next election. In fact, it has been suggested that Magufuli is outshining the party and is moving ahead much further than some stalwarts would have wished.

As Magufuli moves forward, he may have to carefully choose his battles carefully and not get overly bogged down in every aspect of the system or try to fight or investigate every instance of possible corruption. Such actions may prove to be popular to the media but will ultimately take away the focus from building the society and creating a more dynamic economy. In addition, he may risk being viewed as a micro-manager who alienates his supporters in business and politics who may have unclear dealings but generally positive intentions.

Magufuli’s role in Tanzania and East Africa will be talked about and debated by all levels of politics, society and business. Tanzania is widely viewed as the lead contender for East Africa’s next great economy. And due to its large gas reserves, mineral resources and major port projects in Dar es Salaam, Mtwara, Bagamayo and Tanga, it can possibly become one of the leading African nations in the next decade. Magufuli’s influence will be felt, and one thing is for sure: Some will like it and others will loathe it.

Jamal Bradley is an American businessman from Philadelphia and currently based in Kenya.



How to pass tests


1. Know what is going to on the test not what you think is going to be on test.


If you love listening to music when you study, you will love one of these tricks to help you study and pass your tests. While you may love rocking out to John Mayer, Katy Perry, or Taylor Swift, you might want to swap your pop playlist for an instrumental one. Listening to music with no words and instruments like piano and violin can help you focus more on your material. Your brain can’t fully focus all of its energy on learning when it is busy comprehending words in your ears. Just try listening to instrumental music for one exam and you will see how much better you will do.


If you are like me, you have probably spent hours on end in the same seat in the library with no break in between. While it may take a toll on your energy, it can actually hinder your ability to do well on a test. According to The New York Times, by alternating locations, you can enhance your memory of material. When you switch locations, your brain does not get the chance to associate the material with your location. That gives you a better #chance of recalling the material come exam time.


When it comes to vocab and definitions, it may seem like flashcards to memorize material is a surefire way to ace your exam, but that is just not true. In psychology, there are different levels of processing material, ranging from shallow to deep. Shallow processing would be memorizing something while deep processing is more about giving the material meaning and connecting it to you. When you memorize you are using shallow processing, which is not very effective when trying to remember info. Try to take the material and apply it to your own life to better remember it when you are tested on it.



Studies have shown that recall is better when the conditions during learning and the conditions during testing are matched. This can be helpful to know when studying because it means you should test yourself to learn your material. The testing while studying will match up with the testing during your exam and lead to better recall. You can even take it a step further and match up your studying with the type of exam you will be taking. If it is multiple choice, take a practice multiple choice test. If you know you will have short answer questions, create some short answer questions for you to use while studying.


We all know studying can be stressful and include anxiety in even the calmest of students. That is why blue is the best color to study around. Blue has been known to reduce blood pressure and decrease anxiety. That leads to a better studying environment because you are relaxed and better able to focus on studying. You will feel less stressed and more confident in your studying ability, which can make all of the difference in a test.



None of these tips to help you study will be that #effective if you cram them all into one night. According to a concept called the testing effect, memory is enhanced when you test yourself right after learning material rather than days or weeks later. In a study, participants who were tested 1 day after learning had a better long term memory than those who were tested 7 or 21 days later. You can apply this to your studying by testing yourself the night you learn material in class. By constantly studying your materials as you learn them, you will place all of your info into your long term memory and better remember them on your exams.


#People really overestimate the impact confidence can have on an exam. In psychology, there is something called the self-fulfilling prophecy. It states that the predictions we make about ourselves can actually influence our behavior and cause those predictions to come true. In other #words, if you think you won’t do well on an exam, it will lead you to not do well. Know that you are fully able to study and ace an exam, and it will cause you to do better on an exam. Confidence is key in#everything you do in life.

Ethiopia Halts Regional Plan After Protests

JAN. 13, 2016

Members of the Oromo ethnic group blocked a road in Wolenkomi, Ethiopia, in December.CreditWilliam Davison/Agence France-Presse — Getty Images

“Companies are investing in India for services, and they are flocking to China for manufacturing. But if you want to grow food you have to be in Africa”

Sai Ramakrishna Karuturi

Already the world’s biggest rose supplier, Karuturi now wants to become the world’s largest food producer. His goal is to acquire and cultivate 3 million hectares – roughly the size of Belgium – of commercial farmland. Most of it will be in Africa, and that’s where he expects that most of his product will be consumed. He already has a $400 million contract with the Djibouti government to supply 40,000 tonnes of rice per year for the next 20 years, and expects even larger contracts with other African nations seeking to replace imports from Asia.

Armin Rosen

Ethiopia, which has averaged double-digit GDP growth over the past decade and enjoys a close strategic relationship with the US, is one of Africa’s emerging economic and political powers and an example of a country that’s improved its economic fortunes without opening its political space.

A  January 11 Bloomberg News story hints at a huge problem the country might be facing moving forward.

According to Bloomberg, the Ethiopian government canceled a 2010 lease that Karuturi, an India-based agricultural company, had taken out on 100,000 acres of farmland.

Despite making an over $100 million investment in the country’s farming sector, Karuturi was accused of breaking its lease agreement in developing only 1,200 acres thus far. But the company claimed that it had received waivers from the Ethiopian government in the past, and said that it did not recognize the project’s cancellation.

According to Bloomberg, Karuturi had taken over land that the Ethiopian state had sold off as part of a controversial program in which the government leased 3.3 million acres of farmland to foreign investors after allegedly displacing some of that land’s original tenants.


It’s the kind of undertaking that would be substantially harder if Ethiopia were a multiparty democracy, rather than one of Africa’s most thoroughgoing dictatorships.

While Karuturi arguably stood to benefit from Ethiopia’s centralized single-party regime, it’s now learned the risk involved in pouring $100 million into an opaque authoritarian state.

And Ethiopia’s leaders, who want both economic prosperity and total political control, might soon find that these objectives aren’t nearly as mutually reinforcing as they’d hoped.


Like Karuturi’s disappeared $100 million investment, the Addis Ababa expansion plan embodies the perils and contradictions of the Ethiopian regime’s long-term strategy of securing internal calm through economic growth and strong ties with foreign powers like the US and China.

As in past eras, the Ethiopian capital is being built up as a showpiece of the country’s modernity and development, and as a reflection of Ethiopia’s sense of its unique place in the world. Addis has one of Africa’s first light rails, a Chinese-built, 19.6-mile system that opened last year.

The city and the surrounding area are home to both of the country’s Chinese special economic zones, industrial parks where Chinese companies get tax breaks in exchange for operating in Ethiopia and hiring local employees. The Addis expansion plan would have incorporated neighboring areas into the capital district, enabling more holistic and centralized urban planning for a rapidly growing and economically vital capital city.

But the expansion plan also came at the expense of land in the Oromia Region — and it ended up exposing some of the deepest fractures in Ethiopian society.

The Oromo are Ethiopia’s largest ethnic group but have been historically excluded from centers of power. Because Ethiopia lacks an ethnic majority (and perhaps because it has a 1,500-year history rife with conflict between the country’s centers of power and it geographic and social periphery), the country’s regions are supposed to receive a certain degree of autonomy under Ethiopia’s 1995 Constitution, which actually gives the regions a right to secede under certain circumstances.

In practice, the center still holds all of the power.

Google MapsLocation of Addis Ababa, capital of Ethiopia.

The current Ethiopian government, which is entirely run by the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front, which is descended from the militia that overthrew the ruling communist state in 1991 after a protracted civil war, is among the most oppressive in Africa.

The EPRDF regime is dominated largely by elites from the Tigrayan ethnic group. But its rule depends on a baseline of inter-communal harmony — just as it depends on the appearance of progress and economic growth.

The Addis plan is one instance in which these two objectives came into direct conflict. Protests over the plan, which Oromo viewed as a land grab undertaken by an oppressive and unrepresentative central government, broke out in late 2015. The government responded witha crackdown that killed 140 people, marking perhaps the deadliest outburst of political violence in the country since its civil war ended in 1991.

Even if the plan has been suspended, the Addis Ababa expansion push is an extension of aggressive growth policies that are fundamental to the regime’s self-image and possibly its survival, policies enabled by strong arm tactics that a country might not accept accept.

But the protests showed that economic growth and authoritarianism can’t paper over a general sense of frustration.

As Jeffrey Smith, head of the RFK Center’s sub-Saharan Africa-related advocacy programs explained to Business Insider, the suspension of the plan will do little to reduce popular discontent towards the regime.

“If the government is trying to head off larger protests and discontent in the country, then it’s much too little and much too late,” Smith wrote in an email. “During the protests, an estimated 140 people were killed and thousands were injured, opposition leaders and journalists were jailed, and the constitution was shredded … there has been no accountability for the deaths of protesters and dissent continues to be criminalized and violently suppressed.”

ethiopia rail systemTiksa Negeri/ReutersA worker works on the electrified light rail transit construction site in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa, on December 16, 2014.

As with Karuturi’s apparent ejection from the country, the contradictions of trying to build a robust economy without genuine political freedom or basic transparency are manifesting themselves. But with the Addis plan, the stakes are much higher for the regime.

The Oromo protests are “engendering an intensified ethnic awareness that has also revitalized calls for genuine self-rule in the region,” Smith writes.

That’s a huge threat to a government that’s itself came to power following an ethnically fractious civil war. “I think leaders in Addis Ababa has gotten much more than they bargained for,” says Smith.


(It is interesting that Ethiopia, A Black country is even doing to business with one of the most racist antiblack societies in the world. Basically what you have here is a situation. What you have here is a situation where you have Black people who are traitors to their own people selling off their land to foreigners from racist countries, and displacing their own people, just for money. Luckily the people of Ethiopia have not bowed in cowardice unlike some other countries and have fought back. Good job Ethiopians )


Guggenheim: The future of design is Africa

From the series 'The Studio of Vanities', Diop's photography features in "Making Africa -- A Continent of Contemporary Design" at Guggenheim Bilbao.


CNN)Is African design having a moment?

Not according to the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao, a denizen of contemporary art. Rather, the curators believe the continent’s artists and architects are shaping the future of design entirely.

In their latest exhibit, Making Africa — A Continent of Contemporary Design, the museum showcases some of the freshest names in the art world as a whole (they just happen to all be African)

Co-curators Amelie Klein and Petra Joos note that despite common perceptions that shape Africa as a land of “famine, corruption, or imposing landscapes,” one of the most defining features of the continent is innovation.

“The world as we know it is in transformation — politically, economically, socially, culturally and technologically. Anyone wanting to know how design can facilitate or even accelerate this change would be well advised to look to the south, especially at Africa, where the changes are very evident,” she says.

“African design covers a fascinating spectrum of concerns that goes beyond recycling, traditional craft, or humanitarian design.”

Road to Bilbao

"Sunsum" (2015), by David Adjaye, Adjaye Associates.

Researching for the exhibition “was a long process” Joos says, telling CNN about the many trips she took to Lagos, Dakar, Cape Town, Nairobi and Cairo. However she adds that it was mainly local artistic communities calling the shots.

“We had think tanks with intellectuals, directors and artists,” she explains. They asked questions such as “What is design?” “What is Africa?” “What is African design?” the results of which found their way into the show’s prologue.

“It’s interesting because there was a lot of difference of opinion,” says Joos. “They agreed; sometimes they disagreed. The visitor will see that in the exhibition.”

Split into four sections, Making Africa negotiates many areas: “Prologue” addresses Western preconceptions; “I and We” looks at African solutions and responses to communication — both at an intimate and societal level; “Space and Object” discusses environmental influences on creativity; and “Origin and Future” explores the notion of time.

Overall, 120 artists helped participate in exhibition, which includes the work of design heavyweights like Nigerian photographer J.D. Ojeikere and British-Tanzanian David Adjaye. These titans of the scene make their presence felt alongside the likes of Afrofuturist Ikire Jones and sculptor Cheick Diallo. All have equal footing when telling the story of contemporary African design, and help showcase the diversity of its creative community.

Read more: David Adjaye imagines Lagos in 2050

Stretching out across the globe

The Kingdom of Taali M (2013), by Pierre-Christophe Gam.

Joos notes that the size of the African diaspora abroad has led to cross-pollination in the world of design, whereby Africans abroad influence and are influenced by the cultures that surround them.

“We did an exhibition a few years ago when we only invited African artists living on the continent, but now it’s absolutely impossible, because we have so many Africans going back and forth. They’re living in Africa, but also in Paris, in London, even the United States.”

This manifests itself in their work, she argues. “They’re absolutely connected to everything,” she says. “They are not limited by European design, for example. They know what’s going on everywhere, and filter that through their culture and traditions.”

Unlike European design however — which Joos argues is “more formal” and “industrially realized” — Africans are reveling in the journey towards the final object. “Africa [is] a hub of experimentation, generating new approaches and solutions of worldwide relevance, and [is] a driving force for a new discussion about the potential of design in the twenty first century.”

“The process is more important than the result,” Joos says; “this informal creativity is so African. It’s not European, it’s not American, and it makes a big difference to us.”

‘Making Africa — A Continent of Contemporary Design’ runs until February 21.




Quick Certificate Programs

CELTA – 1 Month

TEFL – 1 Month

10. Spoken language interpreter.

Maybe you grew up speaking two languages or picked one up while traveling abroad. If so, hospitals, courtrooms, and social service agencies need your help. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, one in five interpreters works for themselves, and many work part time. Plus, oftentimes, only a one-day exam is needed to be certified. Average salary: $44,175 a year.

Truck driver

Job description: The stereotype of a truck driver seems to be one of a rough, rugged man, but today’s truckers run the gamut from single moms to retired seniors. Truck drivers deliver everything from automobiles to canned food and appliances and are usually responsible for loading and unloading their own cargo.

Training required: Truck drivers generally need a commercial driver’s license, or CDL, in addition to a regular driver’s license. Training for the CDL is offered by many private and public vocational schools. Those driving small trucks may only require brief on-the-job training, but those looking to drive bigger trucks will need a training program certified by the Professional Truck Driver Institute. Some of these courses can teach students how to confidently handle a big rig in as little as a month.

Cost of training: Because trucking companies generally look to hire drivers who already have training and experience, they usually don’t cover the cost of initial training, but some do offer tuition reimbursement. Tuition for big rig schools typically costs $4,000.

Expected salary: In 2006, the median hourly rate for heavy truck and tractor-trailer drivers was $16.85.


Nigerian Comics Startup is Creating More African Superheroes


Comic Republic, a Nigerian comics startup based in Lagos, is creating a universe of superheroes for Africans and black readers around the world. The cast of characters—”Africa’s Avengers” according to some fans—ranges from Guardian Prime, a 25-year old Nigerian fashion designer by day who uses his extraordinary strength to fight for a better Nigeria, to Hilda Avonomemi Moses, a woman from a remote village in Edo state who can see spirits, and Marcus Chigozie, a privileged but angry teenager who can move at supersonic speeds.
“I thought about when I was young and what I used to make my decisions on: What would Superman do, what would Batman do? I thought, why not African superheroes?” Chief executive Jide Martin, who founded the company in 2013, told Quartz. Its tagline is, “We can all be heroes.”
(Comic Republic)
The startup may be a sign that comics are having a moment on the continent as well as in a market once said to lack interest in African-inspired characters. The nine-person team has seen downloads of its issues, published online and available for free, grow from a couple hundred in 2013 to 25,000 in its latest release last month as the series has become more popular. Comic Republic plans to make money from sponsorships and advertisers.

So far, companies have asked Comic Republic to create comics for their products and NGOs have asked for help illustrating public health risks like malaria. The head of one of the country’s largest e-commerce outfits, has asked for a portrait of himself rendered as a superhero. The story of one the characters, Aje—Yoruba for “witch”—may be made into a movie by a local filmmaker. Another edition of Guardian Prime’s story is scheduled for this month.
The startup is part of what some say is a renaissance of made-in-Africa music, literature, and art that resonate beyond the continent. Over half of Comic Republic’s downloads are from readers in the United States, the United Kingdom, and a scattering are from other countries like Brazil and the Philippines. About 30% come from Nigeria, according to Martin. Lagos now hosts an annual Comic Con for the comic and entertainment industry. Kenya hosted one for the first time in 2015.
The comic book industry has potential in Africa in part because of the popularity of superhero-themed films, Martin points out. His company launched with Guardian Prime, “a black Superman,” he says, on the same day as the 2013 premiere of Man of Steel.

Other African characters have already emerged. A popular South African comic, Kwezi, or “star” in Xhosa and Zulu, created by designer and artist Loyiso Mkize, follows a teenage superhero in Gold City, a metropolis imagined after Johannesburg. The comic, which features plenty of local slang and cultural references, is a “a coming of age story about finding one’s heritage,” according to Mkize. Nigerian animator Roye Okupe’s graphic novel, E.X.O: The Legend of Wale Williams released in August, is meant to “put Africa on the map when it comes to telling superhero stories,” according to Okupe.
Comic Republic’s universe of heroes differs from its Western peers in other ways. Of the nine characters created by Comic Republic, four are women, which Martin believes is a reflection of the fact that women are active in politics and business circles. “Today’s Nigeria, we’re very indifferent to whether someone is a man or woman. I wouldn’t say there was any strategic decision. It’s just a way of life for us,” he said.
Beyond battling evil and saving the day, the comics are meant to show how individuals can come together to provide for a “better safer Africa,” chief operations officer, Tobe Ezeogu said in November.
That message appears to be getting across to some readers. One fan wrote on Comic Republic’s Facebook wall of its flagship character, Guardian Prime, “My favorite quote [by him]: ‘All it takes for evil to succeed is for good men to stand by and do nothing. I won’t stand by. I am Nigerian.’ I’m not Nigerian, but heroes are going to help the youth and stimulate patriotism.”

How to Get Buff Really Fast

Getting buff really fast means you have to focus on building muscle instead of losing body fat. Increasing the size of your muscles quickly and decreasing your body fat are two very different goals. Muscle requires extra calories and plenty of time lifting weights with minimal aerobic exercise.

Dietary Considerations

Step 1

Multiply your weight in kilograms by 50 calories if you are a man, 44 calories if you are a woman. Add 350 to 700 more calories to your number, calculating the total daily calories you must consume to gain 1 to 2 lbs. of muscle per week.

Step 2

Calculate the grams of protein you must include within your daily caloric intake to build muscle. Simply multiply your weight in kilograms by 1 1/2 to 2 g of protein. Eat mostly lean or low fat animal protein; include whey protein powder.

Step 3

Drink a protein shake 30 minutes before and within 30 minutes after every weight training workout. Blend about 24 to 48 g of whey protein with 1 cup of water and a cored apple for your pre-workout shake. Blend 48 to 72 g of whey protein with 1 1/2 cups of skim milk, 1 cup of water or juice and 1 cup of fresh pineapple.


Weight Training

Step 1

Mondays- CBC Night – Chest, Back, and Calves

Tuesday – LAS – Legs, Abs, Shoulders

Friday –

Work your legs, shoulders and abdominal muscles on Thursdays. Finish your week with a biceps and triceps routine on Fridays. Rest your muscles by forgoing any weight training on Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Saturdays and Sundays, maximizing fast muscle gains.

Step 2

Use heavy enough weights so you can complete only six to 12 repetitions of four to six sets per exercise. Do four to six different exercises for your chest, back, legs and abdominal muscles. Complete four exercises for your smaller biceps, triceps and shoulder muscles.

Step 3

Write down all your exercises, weights, sets and repetitions for every workout. Plan the following week’s workout using the data from the prior week. Look at the weight, repetitions and sets you did for each exercise, then increase one or two variables. Increase the weight you are lifting when you can complete three to four sets of 10 to 12 repetitions for any exercise.

You may be considered buff if you have more than 2 lbs. of body weight per inch of your height, but champion bodybuilders tend to weigh more than 3 lbs. per inch, according to a February 2007 article by Ellington Darden, Ph.D. The circumference of your individual muscle groups helps determine how buff you are. Heavy weightlifting exercises that exhaust your muscles within four to six repetitions are the best way to get buff for bodybuilding, according to the National Federation of Personal Trainers.

Upper Arm


Your triceps and biceps are the muscles that form your upper arms. Arms that have a circumference greater than 14 inches may be considered buff in bodybuilding. However, the circumference of a champion bodybuilder’s upper arm typically exceeds 17 inches. According to a March 2010 article by strength and conditioning specialist Bret Contreras, pullup exercises may be the best exercise for increasing the size of your biceps. Rope triceps extensions are a top exercise for increasing the size of your triceps


 What Is Considered Buff in Bodybuilding?


The hamstring and quadriceps muscles form your thighs. Your thighs may be considered buff in bodybuilding if they each have a circumference greater than 20 inches. The circumference of a top bodybuilder’s thigh may be greater than 25 inches. Building your quadriceps is the most effective method for developing buff thighs. Barbell variations of the squat, such as the half squat and full squat, are the best exercises for building big quads and buff thighs

Lower legs

The circumference of your lower legs is formed by the gastrocnemius or calf, tibialis anterior and soleus muscles. According to Ellington Darden, Ph.D., your lower legs may be considered buff in bodybuilding if they are more than 14 inches around. However, you can expect the diameter of a champion bodybuilder’s lower legs to exceed 25 inches. The gastrocnemius has the greatest potential for increasing the diameter of your lower legs. Target your gastrocnemius with heavy lever calf raise exercises. Sprinting, volleyball and soccer can make your calves buff. Hopping on one leg while holding a dumbbell in your arm on the same side also builds your calves

A Dominican Salon Specializing In Natural Hair Is Redefining Beauty On The Island

Like many women who decide to go natural, Carolina Contreras (raised between the Dominican Republic and the U.S.) set out on a personal hair journey that required unlearning and relearning everything about her once chemically straightened hair.


Contreras subsequently opened up a natural hair salon in the capital city of Santo Domingo. The salon’s mantra “Yo amo mi pajón,” or “I Love my big, or kinky hair,” is meant to advocate for women with Afro-textured hair.

“I would walk down the street and women would stop me and ask me how I got my hair like that,” said Contreras to New York Times writer, Sandra E. Garcia.

True to the millennial way, Contreras even blogged about her learning process. “There were many blogs in English but not many in Spanish,” she said about a personal website that gained considerable popularity and played a key role in the salon’s debut.

READ: What If Mulan, Snow White, Pocahontas & Tiana Were Selena?

Contreras used a majority of her savings, donations from friends and a benefaction of $10,000 through an Indiegogo campaign to open Miss Rizos Salon.

For those traveling to the Caribbean nation, make sure to book an appoint with Miss Rizos.

Lessons about life

Don’t assume, find out.

Try to purchase assets instead  of consumer goods

People hate weakness and are attracted to strong personalities

You teach people how to treat you

Publicize your good deeds

People don’t really care about oppression unless it happens to themselves

The problem with philosophy with is that it is 100% opinion

One problem with some parents is that they give their kids too many choices, too many choices is not a good thing.

If you only work for the money, you will fail. You exceed only when try to be the best.

Trying to be a jack of all trades is one of the most stupidest things a person can do. If you are highly qualified in a skill, you will be highly paid in a skill.

What you put in your mind is more important

You make  a business from something you excel at. Do what is necessary to maintain it. Lawyer, Cpa, Banker

Intelligence is What you get by dealing with the real world. Education is that you get from school. Don’t do something where you can’t see someone making a million dollars from. Perfect your craft and customers will look for you.

A gold digger is someone who brings nothing to the table

Potential is not important. Just because you have feet, doesn’t make you a race track star. That’s not really potential. We don’t need potential we need drive

Get with people that know what you know and believe what you believe

The Longest journey starts with a single step

Been abused for so long you can’t tell the difference between civilized and uncivilized behavior

Power only respects power

Grants are given to you under certain conditions.

There is no such thing as free money. Have good credit, and a decent balance sheet.

Banks do not loan money to people who need money. They are looking for people who will give them a large return on investment. They want someone who will take their money and pay it back it back from interest.

Businesses fail because they are underfunded You should be able to have enough money last for three years without doing even making a single sale.

The first step is the longest journey.


Leaving a gym

If you want to cancel your membership, just say you are moving out of town so they will leave you alone.

Renting a car 

For the best weekend deal call up on Friday sometime before 2pm and say, “I have all my info, drivers license and credit card, can I get a rental all setup so I don’t have to do anything but sign the ticket when I come in?  Why?This is GOLD because now the agent can pre-write your ticket and get that car off his books before the 2pm count (if a car is unrented at 2pm, it counts against the branch for that day so he’ll write your ticket before 2:00 and then the car can sit there all day for all he cares). Have your rate in mind and ask for it–don’t be afraid to make your own price! If there is a car available, you’ll get that car. If you still can’t get the rate you want, casually mention you probably need the extra insurance. He’ll write the contract now, then you initial the “decline” boxes when you come for the car (so you changed your mind). The contract is already written; he can go back and take off the waiver with just a couple keystrokes, it’ll probably cheese him off but you’ll get your lower rate and not pay for the insurance.



Biggest Lottery Winners of all times

The identity of the lottery winners is not always revealed, so it’s best to look at these through the largest payouts and how they were divided. Here are the top five jackpots with respect to total payout. The larger number is the amount of the annuity (how much winners would get over many years) while the cash payout represents a smaller lump-sum amount that a winner could choose to receive.

  1. $656 Million – Three winning tickets were cashed on the March 30, 2012 Mega Millions drawing, which, as of this writing, is the largest jackpot total as well as the largest cash payout (471 million). The only winning ticket holders to be identified were Merle and Patricia Butler of the small Southern Illinois town of Red Bud. The other winners were a group of teachers in Milford Mill, Maryland, and a single anonymous winner in Ottawa, Kansas.

2. $648 Million – The second largest jackpot was also a Mega Millions drawing. The December 17, 2013, drawing brought two winning ticket holders a total cash value of347.6 million. Steve Tran, a delivery truck driver in northern California, claimed half of the prize while Ira Curry of Stone Mountain, Georgia claimed the other half.

3. $590.5 Million – The highest Powerball payout in history went to a single winner: Gloria Mackenzie, who was 84 years old at the time of the drawing on May 18, 2013. The Florida woman received the highest single amount of cash collected by a single winner (370.9 million). This particular draw also featured the unluckiest lottery player of all time: the gracious gentleman who let Mackenzie go ahead of him in line to purchase a ticket.

4. $587.5 Million – The Powerball drawing on November 28, 2012, produced two winning tickets for an overall cash payout of384.7 million, the all-time record in cash payouts on a single drawing for Powerball. The prize was split between Matthew Good of the Phoenix, Arizona, suburb of Fountain Hills, and Mark and Cindy Hill of Dearborn, Missouri. Good and his wife attempted to remain anonymous, but public records laws forced the disclosure of his name.

5. $564 million – The February 2015 Powerball drawing produced three winners and a cash value of381 million. The first winner to claim was Marie Holmes, a 26-year old single mother of four from Shallotte, North Carolina. A second winner in Puerto Rico has decided to remain anonymous, and a third winning ticket was sold at the Appletree Food Mart in Princeton, Texas, near the Dallas-Fort Worth area. The proceeds from the Texas ticket have been placed in a trust under the name TL Management Trust.