India Africa Forum
Trade Between India and Africa is almost $ 100 billion
The development of modern-day relations has gone through two main periods. During the period of colonialism and liberation wars, political relations became stronger. At the wake of the Cold War, many African countries joined the non-aligned movement pioneered by Egypt, Ghana, India, Indonesia and Yugoslavia.
During the years of decolonisation, India exerted considerable political and ideological influence in Africa as a role model and a leader of the Non-Aligned Movement. But India’s ability to develop a broader strategic role in Africa during the 20th century was subject to several constraints. India’s influence was limited by financial weakness and inward-looking economic policies. Its commitment to decolonisation through nonviolent means made it relatively reluctant to provide military assistance to national liberation movements. India’s role in East Africa was also constrained by the large Indian ethnic population that was often resented by black African nationalists. 
The India-Africa Forum Summit, which was held from April 4 to April 8, 2008 in New Delhi, India for the first time, constitutes the basic framework for the relations under the South-South Cooperation platform.
Indian firms are conducting numerous takeovers abroad and are venturing into Africa. In June 2008, Bharti Airtel, an Indian telecommunications giant, purchasedZain Africa for US$9 billion. Trade between India & Africa has grown exponentially during the past decade. Indo-African trade volume reached US$ 53.3 billion in 2010-11 & US$ 62 billion in 2011-12. It is expected that it would further go up to US$ 90 billion by 2015. As of 2011, India has emerged as Africa’s fourth largest trade partner behind China, EU & USA whilst Africa has emerged as India’s sixth largest trading partner behind EU, China, UAE, USA & ASEAN. It is to be noted that this volume was at a meager US$ 3 billion in 2001. In November 2012 FICCI President led a business delegation to Ethiopia to meet the new Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn and reaffirm India’s commitment to the growth and development of Africa. Indian companies have already invested more than US$ 34 billion in the resource-rich continent as of 2011 & further investments worth US$ 59.7 billion are in the pipeline. Among the proposals that CII (Confederation of Indian Industry) received from the African nations are 126 agricultural projects worth an investment of $4.74 billion, 177 infrastructure projects worth $34.19 billion, and 34 energy sector plans costing $20.74 billion (337 projects totalling US$ 59.7 billion). Ex-Prime Minister of India, Dr.Manmohan Singh while expressing his country’s support to Africa, said in an Indo-African trade summit that “Africa possesses all the prerequisites to become a major growth pole of the world in the 21st century. We will work with Africa to enable it to realise this potential”. The Indian government has promised to extend loans worth US$ 5.4 billion (during 2011-14) to several African nations in order to nurture growth in those nations.
New Delhi invited leaders from all 54 African nations to the biggest-ever India-Africa summit.
The heartbeat of 1.25 billion Indians and 1.25 billion Africans are in rhythm, Narendra Modi said at a lavish session, which included dancers and drummers on Thursday (Oct. 29). The Indian prime minister and his African counterparts discussed trade, investments, our common goals and history with Africa.
But one topic was conspicuously missing from the entire jamboree—India’s deeply ingrained racism towards Africans.
There are an estimated 30,000 African students currently studying in India. In total there are 50,000 Africans in India altogether while there are 4 million Indians living in Africa.
In Khirkee alone—where I have worked for the past decade—I have met people from the Ivory Coast, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Nigeria, Somalia and Uganda. But despite their large numbers, India has not been a hospitable country for them.
Cases of violence against people from African countries have been reported from other cosmopolitan places like Bengaluru, Goa, and even Ludhiana. But it is not just regular people who discriminate against dark-skinned expats—government support is missing, and even the police is equally insensitive
Three things that India wants from Africa
- Natural resources such as Oil
- A Large market to sell its products to.
- Votes from Africa to be put on the UN Security Council
Ways India benefits from Africans
- Open non racially discriminatory market to sell to Africans worldwide
- Indian Universities make $20,000 of each African students
- Access to resources. Nigeria is India’s largest oil supplier
Meanwhile Indians in Africa have one of the best lifestyles they have anywhere in the Diaspora.
There are more Indian billionaires in Africa than any other continent outside Asia all at the African’s expense
- The Gupta Family billionaire but wealth unknown
- Sudhir Ruparelia 1.5 billion
- Mohammed Dewji 1.3 billion
- Bhimji Depar Shah $1 billion
- Manu Chandaria
- Narendra Raval
- Nashad Merali
It is said that when Atul Gupta arrived in Africa and he set up the family business Sahara Computers, which distributes hardware, he was amazed at the lack of red tape compared to India.They were small businessmen back home but their parent company Sahara Group – which has no links to the Indian giant of the same name – now has an annual turnover of about 200m rand ($22m; £14.3m) and employs some 10,000 people.
“Africa was about to become the “America of the world” – the world’s land of opportunity.”Shiv Kumar Gupta
Methods of Indian mistreatment and racism against Africans
- Skin bleaching and barring of Dark skin people from media
- Discrimination, Not allowed in certain establishments
- Media demonization.
- Situation in Goa –
- Taxi racism
- Gandhi racism
Tanzania Girl Incident
Instances of African cowardice
Xenophobia for Africans, Forgiveness and preferential treatment for Whites, and other NonBlacks
I am told by those who know better that forgiveness is liberating to the persons involved. I don’t question that. I just worry that this expectation of instant forgiveness reproduces racism in the white community and places a denialist salve over the wound in the black community. But does the wound ever really heal because we forgive, because we tell ourselves we have forgiven? I am not so sure. In South Africa the results have been a combination of racist denial on the part of whites and intense anger among young black South Africans.
Mauritania Senegal Conflict
A state of emergency and curfew were introduced in the Dakar region to prevent further violence. Senegalese President Abdou Diouf used the Senegalese army to protect the Mauritanian nationals who were being rounded up and expelled. In all 160,000 Mauritanians, the majority of them in Senegal, were repatriated.
Meanwhile in Mauritania
Lynch mobs and police brutality in Mauritania resulting in the forced exile of about 70,000 southerners to Senegal, despite most of them having no links to the country. About 250,000 people fled their homes as both sides engaged in cross-border raids. Hundreds of people died in both countries
Strange Hypervigilance against homosexuals.
“We are ready to eat grass but we will not compromise on this.”
“and we catch you, no one will ever set eyes on you again, and no white person can do anything about it.”
“worse than pigs and dogs,”
“Homosexuality is anti-god, anti-human, and anti-civilization. Homosexuals are not welcome in the Gambia.”
The corpse of a homosexual man is dug up twice from a Muslim cemetery and dumped at his families doorstep in Senegal
What should be done –
- Get a list of all the Media outlets that engage in AntiBlack or behaviour
- Ban the entry of African foreign students until their safety is well assured and replace with Online Classes or local classes.
- Punish local Indian businesses in Africa for not fixing AntiBlack Racism in their country.
India is not an example for Africa.
- India has one of the world’s highest rates of murder in the world, at over 40,000 murders per year (though it is also one of the most populated countries in the world).
- India is very corrupt, bureaucratic and full or red tape.
- India has one of the world’s highest rates of abortion.Time magazine reports that in 2012, the number of abortions in India could be as high as 7 million, with 2/3 of abortions taking place in unauthorized health facilities. Due to unsanitary conditions, a woman in India dies every two hours. Additionally, there are more men than women in India due to the high rate of abortions performed on female fetuses, a practice known as “gendercide.”e
- Many Indians find toilet paper repellent and consider it cleaner to splash water with the left hand in the appropriate direction. Consequently, the left hand is considered unclean and is never used for eating. Only 50% of Indians have access to a toilet.
- To avoid polluting the elements (fire, earth, water, air), followers of Zoroastrianism in India don’t bury their dead, but instead leave bodies in buildings called “Towers of Silence” for the vultures to pick clean. After the bones dry, they are swept into a central well.f
- Rabies is endemic in India. Additionally, “Delhi Belly” or diarrhea is commonplace due to contaminated drinking water. India’s health care system (the most privatized in the world)
- India is a hotbed for rape Most rapes go unreported because the rape victims fear retaliation and humiliation – in India and elsewhere in the world. Indian parliamentarians have stated that the rape problem in India is being underestimated because large number of cases are not reported, even though more victims are increasingly coming out and reporting rape and sexual assaults.Few states in India have tried to estimate or survey unreported cases sexual assault. The estimates for unreported rapes in India vary widely. Madiha Kark estimates 54% of rape crimes are unreported. A pervading question remains, “Why India?” Rape is certainly not unique to this part of the subcontinent but the scale is of a different kind. Many experts who deal with the realities of sexual violence against women in India conclude that it is a result of women and girls being marginalized. This is particularly true in poorer homes where girls receive smaller and less nutritious food portions, for example, in favor of their male siblings and are forced to leave school early so they can continue domestic work at home. India is the 4th most dangerous country for women.
- India has the highest rate of child marriage in the world, where one in three girls become child brides. Many girls are married off at an early age, become servants or even prostitutes just to survive
- Constant lying and cheatingIt’s normal for Indian people to cheat tourists about prices of guesthouses, food, clothes or anything else. Sometimes the whole shopping experience turns into a battle. There are so many lies they tell to each other and tourists that sometimes you feel you’re living in a fairy tale and you start distrusting everyone. Not a healthy state of mind to be in
- Polluted and Crowded.
- India Caste system – Brahmin- priests, teachers (acharya) and protectors of sacred learning across generations.Brahmins traditionally were responsible for religious rituals in temples, as intermediaries between temple deities and devotees, as well as rite of passage rituals such as solemnising a wedding with hymns and prayers. However, Indian texts suggest that Brahmins were also agriculturalists and warriors in ancient and medieval IndiaGandhi, Patel”Land owner”, Singh-Lion, Mehta – teacher, Bose – evolved as a caste from a category of officials or scribes, Pandita, KhanKshatrias- Traditionally, the kshatriya constituted the ruling and military elite. Their role was to protect society by fighting in wartime and governing in peacetime.Vaishya- Hindu religious texts assigned Vaishyas to traditional roles in agriculture and cattle-rearing but over time they came to be landowners, traders and money-lenders. The Vaishyas, along with members of the Brahmin and Kshatriya varnas, claim dvija status (“twice born”, a second or spiritual birth) after sacrament of initiation as in Hindu theology. Indian traders were widely credited for the spread of Indian culture to regions as far as southeast Asia.Historically, Vaishyas have been involved in roles other than their traditional pastoralism, trade and commerce. According to Ram Sharan Sharma, a historian, the Gupta Empire was a Vaishya dynasty that “may have appeared as a reaction against oppressive rulers”.
‘Gupta – protector’ or ‘governor’, Modi,
Shudra-According to this ancient text, the Shudra perform functions of serving the other three varna
Dalit-In the Hindu caste system, Dalit status is associated with occupations regarded as ritually impure, such as leatherwork or butchering, or removal of rubbish, animal carcasses and human waste. Dalits work as manual labourers cleaning streets, latrines and sewers. These activities were considered to be polluting to the individual and this pollution was considered contagious. Names – Gajbiye
Dalits were commonly banned from full participation in Indian social life. They were physically segregated from the surrounding community. For example, they could not enter a temple or a school and were required to stay outside villages. Other castes took elaborate precautions to prevent incidental contact with Dalits
- Employees in India change jobs very often.At the entry/mid-management level, a 2-year career with the same company is considered long. Employees are constantly on the lookout for another job and are sometimes actively poached by competitors. I’m told this is because there are substantially fewer “qualified” people than there are jobs. And with more and more MNCs growing their operations in India, this problem is expected to get worse.Work hours in India are long and employees frequently work nights and weekends unproductively. There is no respect for personal time and few employees feel secure enough to push back. As a result, they work their asses off for a couple of years, get burnt out, and move on. Monetary compensation is the only incentive offered to attract and retain good people. Compared to the U.S., employers spend little time or money in building a relationship with their employees. Office socials and events are rare and there is no sense of belonging to a community. Additionally, the Indian culture and company cultures are hierarchical – socializing and networking tends to happen within your peer-level only. As a result, it feels harder to find mentors who take you under their wing, look out for you, and give you straight-up, honest advice that helps you grow.
- India is not that smart. For example, when India last participated in the global PISA test, a standardized test of math, science and literacy designed to compare school systems across the world, it came in second to last among more than 70 participating countries.Students graduating from the top 1 percent of institutions (nearly 200,000 students) tend to leave India in search of economic opportunity, masking the reality of the country’s subpar higher education system.Meanwhile, private nonprofit colleges, often owned by corrupt politicians, take advantage of the excess demand for higher education by eliciting cash bribes for admission, a practice that is so prevalent in India that locals have invented a term for it: “capitation fees. TheWall Street Journal reported in 2011 that 75 percent of India’s tech grads aren’t qualified for jobs in the very high-tech global industries India has become famous for. So few of the high school and college graduates who come through the door can communicate effectively in English, and so many lack a grasp of educational basics such as reading comprehension, that the company can hire just three out of every 100 applicants. Yet 24/7 Customer’s experience tells a very different story. Its increasing difficulty finding competent employees in India has forced the company to expand its search to the Philippines and Nicaragua. Most of its 8,000 employees are now based outside of India.Business executives say schools are hampered by overbearing bureaucracy and a focus on rote learning rather than critical thinking and comprehension. Government keeps tuition low, which makes schools accessible to more students, but also keeps teacher salaries and budgets low. What’s more, say educators and business leaders, the curriculum in most places is outdated and disconnected from the real world. Paying to pass classes in India is very common as well.
- India is not that rich. There are twice as many millionaires in New York City than there are in all of India. New York has has 400,000 millionaires while India has 186,000. There are 170,000 millionaires in Africa. The average income in India is only $1,500
Indians need Africa more than Africa needs India.
India versus Africa
Population India 1,3 Africa 1.2
Economy India 2.5 trillion Africa 3.3 trillion
Largest city Mumbai 20.7 million Lagos 22 milion
Area 1.2 million square miles 11.3 million square miles
Tallest Building Palais Royale, Mumbai 1,050 Hass Jabavu Tower, Nairobi 1,050 feet
Largest shopping malls Lulu Square Mall, Kochi 1.7 million square feet Mall of Africa 1.4 million square feet
Public transportation Systems Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore, Jaipur, Kochi Metro (7)
Johannesburg, Cape Town, Addis Ababa Metro
Car companies – Tata, Maruti, Hindustan Kantanka, Innosun, Kiira
Countries that Indians and Blacks share
- Trinidad and Tobago
Countries Indians have had to share with others