The Ming Dynasty voyages of ChineseadmiralZheng He and his fleet, which rounded the coast of Somalia and followed the coast down to the Mozambique Channel. The goal of those expeditions was to spreadChinese culture and signal Chinese strength. Zheng brought gifts and granted titles from the Ming emperor to the local rulers, with the aim of establishing a large number oftributary states. In October 1415, Chinese explorer and admiral Zheng He reached the eastern coast of Africa and sent the first of two giraffes as gifts to the Chinese YongleEmperor.
There are some other accounts that mention Chinese ships sinking near Lamu Island inKenya in 1415. Survivors are said to have settled in the island and married local women.
Archaeologists have found Chinese porcelains made during the Tang dynasty(618-907) in Kenyan villages; however, these were believed to have been brought over byZheng He during his 15th century ocean voyages. On Lamu Island off the Kenyan coast, local oral tradition maintains that 20 shipwrecked Chinese sailors, possibly part of Zheng’s fleet, washed up on shore there hundreds of years ago. Given permission to settle by local tribes after having killed a dangerous python, they converted to Islamand married local women. Now, they are believed to have just six descendants left there; in 2002, DNA tests conducted on one of the women confirmed that she was of Chinese descent. Her daughter, Mwamaka Sharifu, later received a PRC government scholarship to study traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in China.
National Geographic also published an article by Frank Viviano in July 2005, he visited Pate Island during the time he stayed on Lamu, ceramic fragments had been found around Lamu which the administrative officer of the local Swahili history museum claimed were of Chinese origin, specifically from Zheng He‘s voyage to east Africa. The eyes of the Pate people resembled Chinese and Famao and Wei were some of the names among them which were speculated to be of Chinese origin. Their ancestors were said to be from indigenous women who intermarried with Chinese Ming sailors when they were shipwrecked. Two places on Pate were called “Old Shanga”, and “New Shanga”, which the Chinese sailors had named. A local guide who claimed descent from the Chinese showed Frank a graveyard made out of coral on the island, indicating that they were the graves of the Chinese sailors, which the author described as “virtually identical”, to Chinese Ming dynasty tombs, complete with “half-moon domes” and “terraced entries”.
According to Melanie Yap and Daniel Leong Man in their book “Colour, Confusions and Concessions: the History of Chinese in South Africa”, Chu Ssu-pen, a Chinese mapmaker, in 1320 had southern Africa drawn on one of his maps. Ceramics found in Zimbabwe and South Africa dated back to Song dynastyChina. Some tribes to Cape Town’s north claimed descent from Chinese sailors during the 13th century, their physical appearance is similar to Chinese with paler skin and a Mandarin sounding tonal language. Their name for themselves is “abandoned people”, Awatwa in their language.
China has helped Africa develop hundreds of programmes including the establishment of textile factories, hydroelectric power stations, gymnasiums, hospitals and schools. Among the most well known is the Tazara railway between Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Kapiri Mposhi, Zambia, which was completed in July 1976 after six years of labour by more than 50,000 Chinese workers, at a total cost of about 1bn yuan (£95m). What Africa has seen in the Chinese workers is a spirit of diligence and sacrifice.
Self interested investments, mostly for natural resources like minerals and oil, have brought huge infrastructure improvements to many African countries, building roads and railways; expanding financial services; and providing important revenues to struggling governments.
A comprehensive Chinese-assisted treatment campaign has apparently eliminated malariafrom the Comorian island of Moheli(population 36,000) — and shows worldwide potential
The Chinese are paving roads, building new schools, new mosques, new government buildings, a new airport, a center to facilitate tourism to the country and even new homes — for politicians.
Modderfontein South Africa. $7 billion
2. Lamu Port $24 billion
3. China has completed a 750 km electric rail way connecting Addis Ababa, Ethiopia’s capital, to the Red Sea state Djibouti. The cost of the railway is $3.6 billion
3. Kilamba, Angola $3.5 billion
4. Brazzaville airport
5. Pan African Games stadium complex $500 million
6. Addis Ababa Metro $475 million
7. Africa Union Headquarters, Addis Ababa $200 billion
8. State Commercial Standard Bank Ethiopia
9. Ethiopia to Sudan highway –
10. Abidjan Stadium 60,000 Capacity stadium for Ivory Coast