Population 27 million
Capital and Largest City- Accra 4 million
President – John Akuffo Addo
Official Language – English (Local Language – Akan, Ewe, Ga)
1. Ghana was the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to gain independence post-colonialism. It gained its independence on March 6, 1957
Ghana’s flag It was designed by Theodosia Okoh. The red represents the blood of those who died in the country’s struggle for independence from the Great Britain, the gold represents the mineral wealth of the country, the green symbolises the country’s rich forests and natural wealth, and the black star is the symbol of African emancipation
2. Ghana is the most stable country in West Africa, and one of the most stable in Africa. Ghana was ranked as Africa’s most peaceful country by the Global Peace Index.
3. Ghana was named after the medieval Ghana Empire
4. Ghana was the first sub Saharan country to come into contact with the Europeans. People from Portugal, Denmark, the Netherlands, Germany, and Britain came to the Gold Coast to search for gold.
5. The Ghana Empire was built on trade in salt and gold, which is why British merchants later called it the Gold Coast.
6. The Anglo-Ashanti War was the World’s second largest War
1823-1900 lasting for 77 years.
7. Worlds oldest Monarchies
8. World’s largest gold producers
Ghana is Africa’s second largest producer of Gold.The Ghanaians started a lucrative trade with Ghanaian gold bars and other Ghanaian natural minerals to the Portuguese in 1471 and then the Ghanaians became thewealthiest ethnic group and nation state on the African continent from the 17th century onwards following successful further expansion of lucrative Ghanaian gold bars trading to the Dutch, Prussian and Scandinaviansfrom the 16th century through to the 20th century
9. Ghana was ranked as Africa’s most peaceful country by the Global Peace Index
10. Third Lowest rate of gun ownership in the world.
11. World’s most religious country 70% Christian Rest Muslim and other, Hindu and Buddhists 99% of the population believes in God.However, Ghanaians – and especially youngsters – are taught the importance of freedom of worship, meaning that tolerance and fairness amongst the population are indoctrinated. The people of Ghana believe that you should be able to choose to worship whichever religion you like and there should be no intolerance to anyone from faiths other than your own
12. Friendliest Country in Africa, and one of the most friendliest countries in the World, if not the World.
13. Accra is the capital and largest city in Ghana, the name Accra means place of Ants.
14. Many Ghanaians like to wear Kente Cloth. Ghana is a major fashion Center of Africa. Accra is considered Africa’s “Capital of cool” by the New York Times
15. Ghana is a major center of Architecture
16. Many famous people come from Ghana or of Ghanaian descent like Kofi Annan, Idris Elba, Mario Balotelli, David Adjaye, Ozwald Boateng, Paul Boateng, etc.
17. Nollywood is the world’s 3rd largest most largest film industry, Many Ghanaian actors act in Nollywood films.
18. Ghana has the largest market in West Africa called Kejetia in Kumasi, the Country’s second largest city.
the redevelopment of the Central Market will provide 45,000 stores as against the current 12,000 stores.
19. Ghana produces the second most cocoa beans in the world. Ivory Coast is No. 1.
20. Ghana is the 9th largest diamond producer in the World.
21. In 2007, oil was found off the coast of Ghana. A daily production of 200,000 barrels, which could be achieved in about five years after commencement of production, could give Ghana a total revenue of approximately US$1.6 billion yearly. Ghana could become the fourth biggest oil producer in sub-Saharan Africa by 2020 once two new offshore fields come on stream, to push total output above 240,000 barrels per day (bpd)
22. Many Ghanaians are named by the day of the week they are born.
23. Fantasy Coffins
24. It is said that the majority of Jamaicans are of Sizable Ghanaian descent.
25. Many of the best African soccer players are from Ghana
26. Ghana also has the some of the best boxers in Africa
27. In 1991, Ferdie Ato Adoboe of Ghana set a world record by running 100 meters backwards in 13.6 seconds.
28. There are 1 million Ghanaians living abroad and remit about $ 4 billion dollars annually.
London is home to more Ghanaians than any other city outside of Ghana, New York City is second, Toronto is Third
29. In Ghana the average income is around 4000 dollars a year, the currency is called cedis
30. Ghana has one of the lowest unemployment rates in Africa at 2.9 percent
31. Ghanas Aids rate is .8% and falling it is one of the first countries to more than half its rate
32. Lake Volta is the world’s largest man made artificial lake by surface area. It extends for over 320 miles and can be seen from space.
33. Ghana is building new universities and becoming an educational hub for West Africa
Ghana’s strong universities attract 20,000 students from other African countries.Ghana is also the second most popular African destination for American exchange students, after only South Africa.
34. About 20% of Ghana’s land is arable
35. Of the 120 doctors turned out yearly from Ghana’s medical schools, 70% leave the country within two years.
36. Ghana has Universal Healthcare
Ghana has a universal health care system strictly designated for Ghanaian nationals, National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS). Health care is very variable throughout Ghana and in 2012, over 12 million Ghanaian nationals were covered by the National Health Insurance Scheme (Ghana) (NHIS). Urban centres are well served, and contain most of the hospitals, clinics, and pharmacies in Ghana. There are over 200 hospitals in Ghana and Ghana is a destination for medical tourism.
Ghana has potential to become a major healthcare hub of West Africa
37. Accra has more internet cafes per capita than any other city
38. Accra has the largest mall in West Africa
39. Cadbury — one of Britain’s largest chocolate-makers, imports 90% of its cocoa from Ghana
40. Ghanaians spend about 51 per cent of their income on food. (2001)
41. Apart from Muslim nations, Ghana has the lowest per capita consumption of beer in Africa, yet its brewery industry is one of the most competitive
42. 29 per cent of children aged 7-14 years are engaged in economic activity
43. Flight-Lieutenant Rawlings was Africa’s first military ruler to hand power to an elected PRESIDENT (NOTE: Obasanjo handed over on: September 30, 1979; Rawlings handed on 24th September 1979)
44. Ghana is slated to be one of the worlds few cars producing countries with its local brand Kantanka
45. Ghana is one of the few countries in the World and Africa to have its own Satellite in space.
46. Togo imports as much as 75 percent of its electricity from Ghana
47. Ghana’s exports average around $16 billion
And the Top exports are Gold ($7.2 billion), Oil $3 billion, and Cocoa ($2.8 billion)
Ghana’s largest imports are
Imports 1. Cars $861 million
48. The United Kingdom is Ghana’s largest trading partner.