1. Bollywood is the name given to the Mumbai-based Hindi-language film industry in India. When combined with other Indian film industries (Tamil, Telugu, Bengali, Malayalam, Kannada), it is considered to be the largest in the world in terms of number of films produced, and maybe also the number of tickets sold.
The term Bollywood was created by conflating Bombay (the city now called Mumbai) and Hollywood (the famous center of the United States film industry).
Bollywood films are usually musicals. Few movies are made without at least one song-and-dance number. Indian audiences expect full value for their money; they want songs and dances, love interest, comedy and dare-devil thrills, all mixed up in a three hour long extravaganza with intermission. Such movies are called masala movies, after the spice mixture masala. Like masala, these movies have everything.
The plots are often melodramatic. They frequently employ formulaic ingredients such as star-crossed lovers, corrupt politicians, twins separated at birth, conniving villains, angry parents, courtesans with hearts of gold, dramatic reversals of fortune, and convenient coincidences.
According to BBC, Karan Johar, a film director, said: “Of the 1.2 billion population of India, movies should reach out to at least 300 million people [the size of India’s middle class]. But currently, our reach is limited to 45 million. If we figure out how to cover this gap, it will be a game-changer.”
This means that less than 4 percent of Indians go to the movies regularly.
Moreover, India does not really have that many cinemas for people to go to – less than 13,000, versus almost 40,000 in the U.S. (a country which has only one-fourth of India’s population).
he average Bollywood film costs only about $1.5 million to make, versus $47.7 million for Hollywood
Headquarters – Mumbai, India
Number of films produced 2,400
Size of Industry $ 5 billion
Highest grossing film PK 2014 $98 million
The cinema of Nigeria, often referred to as Nollywood, grew quickly in the 1990s and 2000s and became the second largest film industry in the world in number of annual film productions, placing it ahead of the United States and behind only India. In 2013, it was rated as the third most valuable film industry in the world after generating a total revenue of NG₦1.72 trillion (US$10 billion) in 2013 alone, placing it behind India and the United States.
The Nigerian film industry is worth NG₦853.9 billion (US$5.1 billion) as at 2014 and produces hundreds of home videos and films per annum. Nigerian cinema is Africa’s largest movie industry in terms of value and the number of movies produced per year. Although Nigerian films have been produced since the 1960s, the rise of affordable digital filming and editing technologies has stimulated the country’s film and video industry.
The Nigeria Bureau of Statistics estimates the industry’s share of Nigeria’s GDP at 1.4 percent. With budgets often less than $30,000, $1-video CD releases, and in spite of rampant piracy, Nollywood has managed to create countless media jobs, while offering Nigerians the chance to see their own people and cultures portrayed on the big screen. – See more at: http://afkinsider.com/84131/rising-african-film-industries-nollywood-south-africa-axis/#sthash.UiKYvbBc.dpuf
Headquarters Lagos, Nigeria
Number of films produced 2,500 a year
Size of Industry 10 billion
Highest grossing film :
30 days in Atlanta 85 million sales
he cinema of the United States, often generally referred to as Hollywood, has had a profound effect on cinema across the world since the early 20th century. Its history is sometimes separated into four main periods: the silent film era, classical Hollywood cinema, New Hollywood, and the contemporary period. While the French Lumière Brothers are generally credited with the birth of modern cinema, it is American cinema that soon became the most dominant force in an emerging industry. Since the 1920s, the American film industry has grossed more money every year than that of any other country.
In 1878, Eadweard Muybridge demonstrated the power of photography to capture motion. In 1894, the world’s first commercial motion picture exhibition was given in New York City, using Thomas Edison‘s Kinetoscope. The United States was in the forefront ofsound film development in the following decades. Since the early 20th century, the U.S. film industry has largely been based in and around Hollywood, Los Angeles, California. Picture City, FL was also a planned site for a movie picture production center in the 1920s, but due to the 1928 Okeechobee hurricane, the idea collapsed and Picture City returned to its original name of Hobe Sound. Director D. W. Griffith was central to the development of film grammar. Orson Welles‘s Citizen Kane (1941) is frequently cited in critics’ polls as the greatest film of all time.
American screen actors like John Wayne, James Dean, Marilyn Monroe and Elvis Presley have become iconic figures, and US pop culture legends while producer/entrepreneur Walt Disney was a leader in both animated film and movie merchandising. The major film studios of Hollywood are the primary source of the most commercially successful movies in the world, such as Gone with the Wind (1939), Star Wars (1977), Titanic (1997), and Avatar (2009). Today, American film studios collectively generate several hundred movies every year, making the United States the third most prolific producer of films in the world, after Indian cinema andNigerian cinema.
Headquarters Los Angeles, Calfornia, United States
Number of Movies produced 838 movies
Size of Industry 51 billion
Highest grossing film – Avatar $2.3 billion dollars