Famous Black Slums of the World

  1. Harlem, New York 335,000 -500,000

The name Harlem comes from the name of a city in in the Netherlands when New York was owned by the Dutch, but since the 1920’s, during the Great Migration of the Early 1900’s, where many Black Americans moved from the South up to Northern Cities like New York, Harlem has been a major center of Black culture, Religion, Residences, and Business.

Harlem was important because it was the epicenter of a major cultural and artistic revolution in Black American society called the “Harlem Renaissance”,

Harlem was home to James Reece Europe, the Inventor of Jazz, home to the world famous Cotton Club, and the Apollo Theatre, Sylvia’s Soul Food Restaurant. Harlem is home to the Harlem Globetrotters, and home to famous celebrities like P Diddy, Kareem Abdul Jabar, Damon Dash, Camron, Kelis, ASAP Rocky, Black Rob, etc. Challenges are crime after deindustrialization, and currently Gentrification. Harlem is also the birthplace of popular hip-hop dances such as the Harlem shake

2. South Central, Los Angeles 520,000 –

During the Great Depression, many Blacks moved from Southern California to Los Angeles,

Until the 1920s, West Adams was one of the most desirable areas of the city. Then development of the Wilshire Boulevard corridor drew Los Angeles’ development west of downtown. As the wealthy were building stately mansions in West Adams and Jefferson Park, the white working class was establishing itself in Crenshaw and Hyde Park. Affluent blacks gradually moved into West Adams and Jefferson Park as the decades passed.[2]

At the same time, the area of modest bungalows and low-rise commercial buildings along Central Avenue emerged as the heart of the black community in southern California. It had one of the first jazz scenes in the western U.S., with trombonist Kid Ory a prominent resident.[3] Under racially restrictive covenants, blacks were allowed to own property only within the Main-Slauson-Alameda-Washington box and in Watts, as well as in small enclaves elsewhere in the city. The working- and middle-class blacks who poured into Los Angeles during the Great Depression and in search of jobs during World War II found themselves penned into what was becoming a severely overcrowded neighborhood. During the war, blacks faced such dire housing shortages that the Housing Authority of the City of Los Angeles built the virtually all-black and Latino Pueblo Del Rio project, designed by Richard Neutra.[4]

For a time in the early 1950s, southern Los Angeles became the site of significant racial violence, with whites bombing, firing into, and burning crosses on the lawns of homes purchased by black families south of Slauson. In an escalation of behavior that began in the 1920s, white gangs in nearby cities such as South Gate and Huntington Park routinely accosted blacks who traveled through white areas. The black mutual protection clubs that formed in response to these assaults became the basis of the region’s fearsome street gangs.[5]

 

By the 2000s, the crime rate of South L.A. has lowered significantly. Current redevelopment, improved police patrol, community-based peace programs, gang intervention work, and youth development organizations lowered the murder rates to levels not seen since the 1940s and ’50s. Nevertheless, South Los Angeles was still known for its gangs at the time.[6] In mid 2003, the City of Los Angeles officially changed the region’s name from South Central to South Los Angeles, a move supporters said would “help erase a stigma that has dogged the southern part of the city.”[7]

South Central is famous as the birthplace of gangsta rap, it is home to famous dances like the C Walk and Crumping, many famous Black people came from this area like Dr.Dre,  Ice Cube, Tyrese, Barry White, Thomas Bradley, Maxine Waters,

Gangsta Rap, C Walk,Barry White, Ice Cube, Tyrese, John Singleton, Montell Jordan, Maxine Waters, Thomas Bradley, Moesha (Note Snoop Dogg is from Long Beach, and Dr. Dre, Coolio, The Game, and Williams Sisters is from Compton) Famous Events LA Riots (Unique Hairstyles Permed double ponytail, Bouncing cars)

 

Gangsta Rap, C Walk,Barry White, Ice Cube, Tyrese, John Singleton, Montell Jordan, Maxine Waters, Thomas Bradley, Moesha (Note Snoop Dogg is from Long Beach, and Dr. Dre, Coolio, The Game, and Williams Sisters is from Compton) Famous Events LA Riots (Unique Hairstyles Permed double ponytail, Bouncing cars)

3. Soweto, Johannesburg 1.3 million – Nelson Mandela, Desmond Tutu, Tokyo Sexwale and Cyril Ramaphosa

Scores of vacant stands are on sale in Soweto

4. Brixton, London 66,000 – Famous events Brixton Riots

5. Southside, Chicago 750,000 – Quincy Jones, Jesse Jackson, Louis Farrakhan, Jeremiah Wright, Carol Mosely Braun,William L Dawson, Harold Washington,Common, Kanye West, Mr. T, Gary Coleman, Derrick Rose.(Native Son, The Jungle, Raisin in the Sun)

6. Rocinha, Rio de Janeiro 250,000 – City of God

7. Khayelitsha, Cape Town 415,000 – 2nd largest

8. Clichy Sous Bois, Paris – Some Rap Artists

9. Biljmer, Amsterdam 100,000 (Is it most dangerous, yes) Famous footballers

10. Liberty City, Miami 20,000 – Trick Daddy, 2 Live Crew, Chad Johnson, Peanut Butter Dance (Is it city’s most dangerous area, no Overtown is) Unique hairstyles

 

 

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